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The British monarchy in Australia, New Zealand and Canada, 1991–2016

Cabinet’, which is connected in turn to the disappearance of the monarch and the relatively invisible constitutional role of the governor-general.) See also Boyce, The Queen’s Other Realms , p. 5. (‘As in Britain, the enshrining of state authority in the Crown has provided an effective mask for the steady expansion of power within the political executives of Canada, Australia

in Crowns and colonies
Sovereignty, surveillance and spectacle in the Vietnam War

The unimagined community trade from the inventiveness of Madison Avenue” conducted the war as a public relations campaign, using strategies that originated in advertising, as a spectacle for producing a society of high mass consumption: “Public relations is but a variety of advertising; hence it has its origin in the consumer society, with its inordinate appetite for goods to be distributed through a market economy.” In the “insane atmosphere of rampant advertising,” policy-makers came to believe that “half of politics is ‘image-making’ and the other half the art of

in The unimagined community
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, it was also a site of political participation and social activism. Female associationalism was a central site of women’s public participation, and the causes of temperance, suffrage and Liberalism were significant for incorporating women into public debate and electoral politics. A belief in the social and moral importance of the maternal and domestic was integral to middle-class women’s culture, and the women’s temperance movement illustrates the importance of gender and social class to the feminine public sphere. Female temperance reform responded to middle

in The feminine public sphere

Association reveal the subtext and the underlying ideology of the NDA executive. John Simons has argued that cricket has become ‘almost synonymous with all that is English and that, of the major sports, only cricket has taken on board the cultural weight which has ‘projected it out of the realm of the competitive and professional and into that of the aesthetic and … political’.38 Comparatively, darts could be described as almost synonymous with all that is English but, more accurately, all that is synonymous with The organisation of darts the English working class

in Darts in England, 1900–39
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Public space – past lessons and future strategies

recent establishment in a number of British cities of directly elected mayors with significant executive powers, after a century in which progressive centralisation has reduced local government in the United Kingdom to a cipher, opens up the possibility that the city can once again, as in the nineteenth century, become a unit of real political importance. Yet it has to be admitted that the emergence of a Belfast civic identity sufficiently well defined to bridge political and sectarian divisions will require significant progress from what is at present a fairly narrow

in Civic identity and public space
The Colonial Office, 1815–36

proportion of the Colonial Office’s time spent resolving or mediating disputes between members of colonial administrations. 20 The time lost prompted the metropolitan civil servants, and sometimes their political masters, to work out, and attempt to implement, a series of pan-colonial reforms which would simplify procedures, increasing efficiency and raising standards of good

in Colonial connections, 1815–45

CSCA executive by H.P. Boland. It was felt that a permanent general-secretary would be free to talk as an equal with the senior civil servants. The CSCA also decided to publish a monthly journal as a vehicle for information and to heighten its profile.4 The journal, An Peann, was a quality production with regular reports on branches, executive council meetings, and meetings with officials, coverage of Dáil reports, updates on the fortunes of civil service in other countries, pieces in Gaelic and regular reports of civil service sports activity. Together Norton, Hughes

in The civil service and the revolution in Ireland, 1912–38
Gender, women and power

could participate in contemporary politics effectively and decisively. The inclusion of the sealing clause by Paris is indicative of this executive power and confirms that Paris knew the significance of the use and ownership of a seal. Such seals were symbolically powerful and the seal matrices themselves as tangible objects resonated with symbolic associations. Just over thirty years later the obliteration of the royal power and inheritance of Gwynedd by Edward I after the defeat of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd involved measures to counter the

in Gender, nation and conquest in the high Middle Ages

entitlement. However, the court went further and instructed the government and the Electoral Commission to make ‘all reasonable arrangements’ to enable prisoners to vote in the forthcoming election because the right to vote imposes ‘positive obligations on the legislature and the executive’ (August v. Electoral Commission, 1999). Mindful of the recent ending of apartheid and the denial of democratic rights to the majority, Justice O’Regan ruled: ‘To build the resilient democracy envisaged by our constitution we need to establish a culture of participation in the political

in Citizen convicts
Social reform in Manchester

frail and delicate herself, but full of pluck and determination, and would stand up for people she knew to be unjustly treated, even though the world was against them.40 The birth of a rebel 55 Gore-Booth became aware of the deplorable working conditions that these women endured in the factories of the textile industry in Manchester. She soon became more politically active, joining the executive committee of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) in 1899. Gore-Booth stressed the importance of gaining votes for women in order to improve their

in Eva Gore-Booth