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Bernadette Whelan

absence of American political will at executive level to intervene with the British government on their behalf, as a test of their ‘special’ relationship. More often than not, it did not materialise. Nevertheless, nationalists’ hope for American salvation was sustained by their belief in the presence of substantial interest in some quarters of the executive and in the power of the ‘Irish vote’. As representatives of official America in Ireland, the consuls’ role, therefore, was to deal with the consequences when unofficial America responded to the call for intervention

in American government in Ireland, 1790–1913
Gregorio Alonso

decades a growing number of voices have been raised against this assumption.2 Even formerly vocal advocates of the secularization thesis such as Peter L. Berger have revisited their previous work and revised their opinions on the relationship between modern society and religious ideas or institutions.3 This chapter looks at how a number of religious figures negotiated the relationship between politics and religion in nineteenth-century Spain – a time when the country was taking its first steps towards political modernity. When historical evidence is seriously considered

in Spain in the nineteenth century
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Mark Hampton

-scale public housing programme beginning in the early 1950s. Consultation with the Executive and Legislative Councils was a means of coopting Chinese elites, allowing what Ambrose King has called the ‘administrative absorption of politics’, and was generally practiced. 12 It is worth noting, though, as S. S. Hsueh explained in dead-pan language in his 1962 primer on the Hong Kong Government, that the

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
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The British monarchy in Australia, New Zealand and Canada, 1991–2016
Mark McKenna

Cabinet’, which is connected in turn to the disappearance of the monarch and the relatively invisible constitutional role of the governor-general.) See also Boyce, The Queen’s Other Realms , p. 5. (‘As in Britain, the enshrining of state authority in the Crown has provided an effective mask for the steady expansion of power within the political executives of Canada, Australia

in Crowns and colonies
Yogyakarta during the Indonesian decolonisation, 1942–50
Bayu Dardias Kurniadi

authorities were relics of the past in a fast-changing political structure. In short, the monarchies received a double blow, having failed at the national level during the formation of the state, and at the provincial level of government, in the formation of the temporary governing body, the Indonesian National Committee (KNI). The KNI was formed on 22 August, and the nationalists established its Yogyakarta chapter, KNID-Yogyakarta, 38 in the early weeks of independence, without prior consultation with the sultan. KNID-Yogyakarta assumed executive, legislative and

in Monarchies and decolonisation in Asia
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

, who was appointed in the early 1980s: as David Richardson remembers, he ‘combined infinite patience, strong left-wing conviction and sound business sense, and became a much respected and valued confidant to successive Union executives’. Two issues, however, did prove both delicate and controversial. The new arrangements imposed on the University itself a duty to ensure that the Union observed charity law and did not use public money for purposes not relevant to the well being of students, including political campaigns and demonstrations. ‘I do not see it as the role

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Preventing pregnancy
Leanne McCormick

Anderson, 14 April 1950, Records of Belfast Mothers’ Welfare Clinic/NIFPA, SA/FPA/A13/2, CMAC. Ibid. BWWC Annual General Meeting, 22 October 1962, Records of the BWWC, D/3691/1, PRONI. Executive Meeting NIFPA, 23 September 1971, Records of NIFPA, D/3543/2/2, PRONI. Yvonne Galligan, Women and Politics in Contemporary Ireland: From the Margins to the Mainstream (London, 1998), pp. 142–161. See for example Fisher, ‘“Clearing up the Misconceptions”’, 123 and Grier, ‘Eugenics and Birth Control’, 447. Hill, Women in Ireland, pp. 177–179. Joyce Neill, ‘A Family Planning Service

in Regulating sexuality
Sovereignty, surveillance and spectacle in the Vietnam War
Duy Lap Nguyen

The unimagined community trade from the inventiveness of Madison Avenue” conducted the war as a public relations campaign, using strategies that originated in advertising, as a spectacle for producing a society of high mass consumption: “Public relations is but a variety of advertising; hence it has its origin in the consumer society, with its inordinate appetite for goods to be distributed through a market economy.” In the “insane atmosphere of rampant advertising,” policy-makers came to believe that “half of politics is ‘image-making’ and the other half the art of

in The unimagined community
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Public space – past lessons and future strategies
Dominic Bryan, S. J. Connolly and John Nagle

recent establishment in a number of British cities of directly elected mayors with significant executive powers, after a century in which progressive centralisation has reduced local government in the United Kingdom to a cipher, opens up the possibility that the city can once again, as in the nineteenth century, become a unit of real political importance. Yet it has to be admitted that the emergence of a Belfast civic identity sufficiently well defined to bridge political and sectarian divisions will require significant progress from what is at present a fairly narrow

in Civic identity and public space
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Megan Smitley

, it was also a site of political participation and social activism. Female associationalism was a central site of women’s public participation, and the causes of temperance, suffrage and Liberalism were significant for incorporating women into public debate and electoral politics. A belief in the social and moral importance of the maternal and domestic was integral to middle-class women’s culture, and the women’s temperance movement illustrates the importance of gender and social class to the feminine public sphere. Female temperance reform responded to middle

in The feminine public sphere