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Gregorio Alonso

decades a growing number of voices have been raised against this assumption.2 Even formerly vocal advocates of the secularization thesis such as Peter L. Berger have revisited their previous work and revised their opinions on the relationship between modern society and religious ideas or institutions.3 This chapter looks at how a number of religious figures negotiated the relationship between politics and religion in nineteenth-century Spain – a time when the country was taking its first steps towards political modernity. When historical evidence is seriously considered

in Spain in the nineteenth century
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Mark Hampton

-scale public housing programme beginning in the early 1950s. Consultation with the Executive and Legislative Councils was a means of coopting Chinese elites, allowing what Ambrose King has called the ‘administrative absorption of politics’, and was generally practiced. 12 It is worth noting, though, as S. S. Hsueh explained in dead-pan language in his 1962 primer on the Hong Kong Government, that the

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
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The British monarchy in Australia, New Zealand and Canada, 1991–2016
Mark McKenna

Cabinet’, which is connected in turn to the disappearance of the monarch and the relatively invisible constitutional role of the governor-general.) See also Boyce, The Queen’s Other Realms , p. 5. (‘As in Britain, the enshrining of state authority in the Crown has provided an effective mask for the steady expansion of power within the political executives of Canada, Australia

in Crowns and colonies
Sovereignty, surveillance and spectacle in the Vietnam War
Duy Lap Nguyen

The unimagined community trade from the inventiveness of Madison Avenue” conducted the war as a public relations campaign, using strategies that originated in advertising, as a spectacle for producing a society of high mass consumption: “Public relations is but a variety of advertising; hence it has its origin in the consumer society, with its inordinate appetite for goods to be distributed through a market economy.” In the “insane atmosphere of rampant advertising,” policy-makers came to believe that “half of politics is ‘image-making’ and the other half the art of

in The unimagined community
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Megan Smitley

, it was also a site of political participation and social activism. Female associationalism was a central site of women’s public participation, and the causes of temperance, suffrage and Liberalism were significant for incorporating women into public debate and electoral politics. A belief in the social and moral importance of the maternal and domestic was integral to middle-class women’s culture, and the women’s temperance movement illustrates the importance of gender and social class to the feminine public sphere. Female temperance reform responded to middle

in The feminine public sphere
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Public space – past lessons and future strategies
Dominic Bryan, S. J. Connolly and John Nagle

recent establishment in a number of British cities of directly elected mayors with significant executive powers, after a century in which progressive centralisation has reduced local government in the United Kingdom to a cipher, opens up the possibility that the city can once again, as in the nineteenth century, become a unit of real political importance. Yet it has to be admitted that the emergence of a Belfast civic identity sufficiently well defined to bridge political and sectarian divisions will require significant progress from what is at present a fairly narrow

in Civic identity and public space
Patrick Chaplin

Association reveal the subtext and the underlying ideology of the NDA executive. John Simons has argued that cricket has become ‘almost synonymous with all that is English and that, of the major sports, only cricket has taken on board the cultural weight which has ‘projected it out of the realm of the competitive and professional and into that of the aesthetic and … political’.38 Comparatively, darts could be described as almost synonymous with all that is English but, more accurately, all that is synonymous with The organisation of darts the English working class

in Darts in England, 1900–39
The Colonial Office, 1815–36
Zoë Laidlaw

proportion of the Colonial Office’s time spent resolving or mediating disputes between members of colonial administrations. 20 The time lost prompted the metropolitan civil servants, and sometimes their political masters, to work out, and attempt to implement, a series of pan-colonial reforms which would simplify procedures, increasing efficiency and raising standards of good

in Colonial connections, 1815–45
Gender, women and power
Susan M. Johns

could participate in contemporary politics effectively and decisively. The inclusion of the sealing clause by Paris is indicative of this executive power and confirms that Paris knew the significance of the use and ownership of a seal. Such seals were symbolically powerful and the seal matrices themselves as tangible objects resonated with symbolic associations. Just over thirty years later the obliteration of the royal power and inheritance of Gwynedd by Edward I after the defeat of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd involved measures to counter the

in Gender, nation and conquest in the high Middle Ages
Martin Maguire

CSCA executive by H.P. Boland. It was felt that a permanent general-secretary would be free to talk as an equal with the senior civil servants. The CSCA also decided to publish a monthly journal as a vehicle for information and to heighten its profile.4 The journal, An Peann, was a quality production with regular reports on branches, executive council meetings, and meetings with officials, coverage of Dáil reports, updates on the fortunes of civil service in other countries, pieces in Gaelic and regular reports of civil service sports activity. Together Norton, Hughes

in The civil service and the revolution in Ireland, 1912–38