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The effects of the means test, 1931–34

newspapers and took a prominent place in social investigations. In English Journey, Priestley conveys how the means test was slowly becoming part of general conversation amongst the working class in the north-east; there was a ‘never-ending stream of talk about books, plays, railways, shipbuilding, coal, the Means Test, Russia, Germany, politics, sport, life and death’. He further commented ‘our merry laughter rang out whenever the Means Test was mentioned, for it was amusing to find Britannia herself, with her Lion and her Unicorn, in our midst, cross-examining old women

in Unemployment and the state in Britain

University Press. Schatz, S. (2002) ‘Age Cohort Effects in the Breakdown of Single-Party Rule’, Journal of Ageing Studies 16: 199–219. Tilley, J. and Evans, G. (2014) ‘Ageing and Generational Effects on Vote Choice: Combining Cross-Sectional and Panel Data to Estimate APC Effects’, Electoral Studies 33: 19–27. Wagner, C., Konzelmann, L. and Rattinger, H. (2012) ‘Is Germany Going Bananas? Life Cycle and Cohort Effects on Party Performance in Germany from 1953 to 2049’, German Politics 21: 274–95. Webb, P. and Childs, S. (2012) ‘Gender Politics and Conservatism: The View

in David Cameron and Conservative renewal
Open Access (free)
‘We’ve moved on’

2007), http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/6350847.stm ; E. Lucas , The New Cold War: How the Kremlin Menaces both Russia and the West ( London : Bloomsbury , 2008 ). 11 ‘Speech at meeting with German political, parliamentary and civic leaders’ (5 June 2008), http://archive.kremlin.ru/eng/speeches/2008/06/05/2203_type82912type82914type84779

in The new politics of Russia
Abstract only
Lessons from overseas

shows, the German political system reflects the different influences and political structures favoured by the Allies after the war and are displayed in the local governmental systems of those parts of Germany that were under British, American or French control.20 It was in the southern German Länder, controlled by the Americans, where the directly elected German mayor arose and where most directly elected German mayors can be found (not all German mayors are directly elected). Since the 1990s, however, the direct election of the mayor has spread quickly across German

in Leading the localities
Open Access (free)

of an editor ...? Is it the Kaiser’s and the Kaiserin’s arm-in-arm friendship with the Sultan ... or is it the hand shakes which the Kaiser offers to over-zealous, naive sentinels, who, in a state of total peace, shoot down, without hesitation, a drunken citizen, which should be celebrated by the Schiller Institute? In a short follow-up letter, in response to the Institute’s urging that he reconsider, he says this: ‘I do not fit in with the new German political spirit. I am the oldest descendant of a family which was heavily involved in the 1848 uprising, and I

in Austerity baby

in electoral politics. The way in which parties have built on this constitutional and legislative status to become so pervasive a force within the German political process also is discussed. The second aspect is the selection of candidates: for both single-member constituencies and Land party lists. Third, campaign planning and organisation require attention, since they are becoming increasingly important in relation to campaign strategy. The constitutional and legislative basis of the German party-‘state’ There have been numerous diagnoses of the reasons for the

in German electoral politics
Germany, Sweden and Australia compared

’, Comparative Political Studies, 31 (3): http://infotrac.galegroup.com. Jahn, D. and Henn, M. (2000) ‘The “new” rhetoric of New Labour in comparative perspective: a three-country discourse analysis’, West European Politics, 23 (1), January. Kelly, P. (1976) The Unmaking of Gough (Sydney: Angus & Robertson). Kesselman, M. (1982) ‘Prospects for democratic socialism in advanced capitalism: class struggle and compromise in Sweden and France’, Politics & Society, 11. Kitschelt, H. (2000) ‘The German political economy and the 1998 election’, in D. P. Conradt, G. R. Kleingeld and C

in In search of social democracy
Towards a third way and back?

–Green Coalition in Germany. Politics, Personalities and Power (Manchester: Manchester University Press). Levitas, R. (1998) The Inclusive Society? Social Exclusion and New Labour (London: Macmillan). Mahnkopf, B. (2000) ‘Formel 1 der neuen Sozialdemokratie: Gerechtigkeit durch Ungleichheit. Zur Neuinterpretation der sozialen Frage im globalen Kapitalismus’, Prokla. Zeitschrift für kritische Sozialwissenschaft, 121/30, 4 November. Marquand, D. (1999) The Progressive Dilemma: from Lloyd George to Blair (Phoenix: London). Merkel, W. (2000) ‘Soziale Gerechtigkeit in Zeiten der

in In search of social democracy
Core historical concepts reconsidered

(Maier 1981: 334–6). These were a manifestation of a degree of mobilisation and radicalisation not seen before the war. The political strikes organised by the German council and socialisation movement between January and April 1919 put industrial and social democracy – viewed as a necessary base to defend the young German political democracy – squarely on the political agenda (Oertzen 2004: 345–51). The lack of food, shelter and other basic goods had also led to a militant mobilisation of consumers during the war, mainly initiated by women with a working

in In search of social democracy
Adjusting to life after the Cold War

’s election programme ‘Green Is the Change’, the 1998 version still aimed at abolishing both NATO and the Longhurst, Germany and the use of force.qxd 30/06/2004 16:25 Adjusting to life after the Cold War Page 69 69 Bundeswehr.34 The Greens’ position was that only in cases of genocide, and then only with a UN mandate, should the Bundeswehr be used. Of perhaps less consequence at this stage of developments was the perspective of the former Communist Party on the use of force: the PDS’s stance resulted in the most uncompromising policy of any of those in the German

in Germany and the use of force