Search results

The Labour Party and constitutional policy in Northern Ireland

4 The memoir writing of the Wilson and Callaghan governments: the Labour Party and constitutional policy in Northern Ireland Stephen Hopkins It is impossible to imagine a successful British policy in Northern Ireland, or at least one whose success could begin to be judged for at least a generation.1 The purpose of this chapter is to analyse the memoir writing of senior Labour Party (LP) politicians who were closely engaged in developing and implementing government policy towards Northern Ireland during the administrations of Harold Wilson (1964–70 and 1974

in The Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain

1 • Scottish officials and secular government in early Stuart Ireland1 david edwards It is an established fact that the accession to the English throne in March 1603 of James Stuart, king of Scotland, was marked by the emergence of a new political rhetoric in the British Isles, one emphasising the communal bonds that existed between English and Scots. As historians have shown, in London and Edinburgh the air was filled with talk of Anglo-Scottish union.2 Building on a shared language, English, and a common religious culture, Protestantism, senior figures in

in The Scots in early Stuart Ireland

6 State power, governmentality, and the (mis)remembrance of Chinese medicine David Luesink Introduction: anatomo-medicine and the body of Yuan Shikai On June 6, 1916 at ten o’clock in the morning, President Yuan Shikai died in Beijing. Attending were his two western-style physicians, Drs. Wong Wen-tso and J. A. Bussière, but also present were the Chinese-style physicians of his many wives, concubines, children, and servants.1 Here the stage was set for a battle of two therapeutic forms over the body of the most powerful man in the very fragile Republic: between

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
Abstract only

Chap 2 28/8/03 1:08 pm Page 26 Constitutions 2 Constitutions describe the fundamental rules according to which states are governed, be they embodied in the law, customs or conventions. They set out how decisions are made, how power is distributed among the institutions of government, the limits of governmental authority and the methods of election and appointment of those who exercise power. Constitutions also define the relationship between the state and the individual and usually include a listing of the rights of the citizen. There are wide variations

in Understanding US/UK government and politics

Vic2-03_Vic01 10/03/2011 11:20 Page 57 Chapter 3 The Wilson governments, 1964–1970 The Labour Party in the early 1960s was far more united on foreign and defence policy than it had been during the second half of the 1950s. Exhausted from the in-fighting over nuclear disarmament, and having reached the position at the 1961 annual conference of broad agreement in this area, the party turned to focus on domestic issues. Following Gaitskell’s unexpected early death at the age of fifty-six, Harold Wilson was elected leader of the party in February 1963, and this

in The Labour Party and the world

Chap 3 28/8/03 1:08 pm Page 46 Protecting liberties, advancing rights 3 Liberties and rights are of especial concern in liberal democracies, which claim to provide a broad range of them. The word liberalism is associated with the primacy of the individual. Historically, liberal thinkers have been committed to personal freedom, believing that men and women flourish and progress when they are able to express their creative personalities without undue restrictions. In democracies, governments are empowered by the people. They are given office on trust, and

in Understanding US/UK government and politics

’ interchangeably. Similarly, US, the USA and America are all used to mean the United States of America. Chap 1 28/8/03 2 1:06 pm Page 2 Understanding US/UK government and politics about national or group character. When in the 1960s the Beach Boys referred to ‘California girls’, the image they intended to convey was of a sun-tanned, lithe, fun-loving and easy-going category of young women. This is a stereotype, but many members of their audience probably had a clear impression of what such girls were like. However, generalisations such as these have obvious limitations

in Understanding US/UK government and politics

8 Engaging with participation Most contemporaries dismissed Labour’s attempts to accommodate demands for government to promote greater popular access to decisionmaking. Those on the New Left presumed the Cabinet opposed greater involvement in the political process; such critics adhered to Ralph Miliband’s contention that the leadership was devoted to the parliamentary system and implacably hostile to those who challenged the constitutional status quo.1 Censure was not, however, restricted to the far left. The backbench MP John Mackintosh was one of an

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1

Chap 11 28/8/03 1:17 pm Page 269 Voting and elections 11 Elections are the main mechanism for expressing the public’s collective desires about who should be in government and what the government should do. Elections in Britain are not as frequent or extensive as they are in the United States. There are no direct elections for the Executive as there are in a presidential system. Neither are there primary elections within the parties to decide on the choice of candidate. In this chapter, we examine a number of issues about the functioning of elections in two

in Understanding US/UK government and politics
Abstract only

directed at them, to uphold their government’s interests. Eastman’s zeal combined with the strategic location of his southern post motivated him to extend his consular role into the intelligence area. William West’s personal and professional dedication during the Fenian crisis stands out also as another example where character influenced performance. Although fearful for his position, West railed against the suspension of habeas corpus and subsequent arrests and incarcerations without evidence and went to great lengths to ensure fairness of treatment for American

in American government in Ireland, 1790–1913