This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.
The challenge of the sublime argues that the unprecedented visual inventiveness of the Romantic period in Britain could be seen as a response to theories of the sublime, more specifically to Edmund Burke’s Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (1757). While it is widely accepted that the Enquiry contributed to shaping the thematics of terror that became fashionable in British art from the 1770s, this book contends that its influence was of even greater consequence, paradoxically because of Burke’s conviction that the visual arts were incapable of conveying the sublime. His argument that the sublime was beyond the reach of painting, because of the mimetic nature of visual representation, directly or indirectly incited visual artists to explore not just new themes, but also new compositional strategies and even new or undeveloped pictorial and graphic media, such as the panorama, book illustrations and capricci. More significantly, it began to call into question mimetic representational models, causing artists to reflect about the presentation of the unpresentable and the inadequacy of their endeavours, and thus drawing attention to the process of artistic production itself, rather than the finished artwork. By revisiting the links between eighteenth-century aesthetic theory and visual practices, The challenge of the sublime establishes new interdisciplinary connections which address researchers in the fields of art history, cultural studies and aesthetics.
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Where is Ireland in the worlds of capitalism?
its small open economy and durable liberal economic institutions, be compared to
countries such as Denmark or the Netherlands in the historical core of Europe? Or
did it make more sense to locate Ireland with the Mediterranean countries in the
European periphery, based on their shared experience of underdevelopment and a
related reliance on agriculture and weak industrial development that depended
heavily on foreign investment?
Ireland did not sit easily within either of these groups
present day, trying to cover aspects of commerce, warfare, exile, custom, language and dynastic relation (see Simms, 2017 ). Rather, I will touch upon a selection of issues that had, or have, a particular impact on the British cultural memory and imagination. Countering the notion of the ‘island fortress’, in his book Blue Water Empire Robert Holland gives a detailed account of the important place of the Mediterranean in British history and the British imagination. In a large-scale historical survey, he shows how strongly the Mediterranean was shaped by British
Security and enlargement into the twenty-first century
Alistair J.K. Shepherd
the development of the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ).
Elements of the new security agenda are also at the
forefront of security concerns in the Mediterranean region, as
demonstrated by Roderick Pace in Chapter 12 . Key
issues in the Mediterranean Basin include immigration, energy security
and natural resources. By acceding to the EU, Malta has moved the EU
much close to the major source
Still, the British hung on. Palmerston, the Prime
Minister, declared: ‘I consider Corfu as a very important position
for Mediterranean interests.’ 18 In 1858 the Inspector-General of
Fortifications, General Sir J.F. Burgoyne, an old Mediterranean hand,
argued that none of the fortifications should have been destroyed and
that a new line of detached works was needed. 19 First they wanted to build
Mediterranean naval stations, his view reflects the received
wisdom of the so-called importance of Cyprus. 8
Because Cyprus is centrally located in the north-eastern
Mediterranean Sea, where Europe, Asia and Africa converge ( Figure 2 ), it seems extraordinary that it was
never really a stronghold. It is 45 miles from Anatolia, 60 miles from
Syria, 240 miles from Port Said and 350 miles from Crete. Most European
Chronology: Productions of Shakespeare plays by the Citizens’ Theatre Company, 1970–2001
Willy Maley and Andrew Murphy
1971. Director, Keith Hack; Designer, Keith Hack and
Amanda Colin. Close Theatre production. Twelfth Night , May/June 1971.
Director, Giles Havergal; Designer, Philip Prowse.
Contemporary Mediterranean setting – Jeremy Blake
doubling as Sebastian and Viola. 1971–72 Timon of Athens , May 1972
and give a new dignity to the subjects supposedly located on the margin of
the Republic. The writers and filmmakers examined in this collection have
found new ways to conceptualize the French heritage of immigration from
North Africa and to portray the current state of multiculturalism in France,
within, and in spite of, a continuing republican framework. More generally,
this volume seeks to take the pulse of French postcoloniality by studying the
evolving representations of trans-Mediterranean immigration to France in
recent literature and films produced by a
The impact of EU membership and advancing integration
the Pacific (Glaser, 1990: 27). Thereafter, the UK tabled proposals effectively to expand further the range of aid beneficiaries in Asia
(Tulloch, 1975: 108; McMahon, 1998: 171; Bonet, 1999: 255).
After the accession of Greece in 1981, and especially that of Spain and Portugal in 1986, a process of increasing attention to the development needs of
countries in Latin America and the Mediterranean took off. Spain also played
a leading role, in the 1980s and early 1990s, in forging closer cooperation
between the EU and Cuba (Byron, 2000: 28–9).
The reasons for the