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A time of hope!
Vincent Twomey

recently the redefinition of marriage) revealed a clergy that seemed to be uncertain of its stance and so incapable of firm leadership or persuasive arguments. Religious education went into a tailspin –​and is still spiralling downwards.   93 Contemporary Irish Catholicism The once-​Catholic teacher-​training colleges –​still under the patronage of the local bishops –​have been radically secularised for some time. The results of all of this was summed up in an article in the Irish Times (10 November 2015): ‘Religious education: “I don’t know anybody who teaches the RE

in Tracing the cultural legacy of Irish Catholicism
A comparison
Dick Geary

observance in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century; and, though many German liberals were often staunchly anti-clerical, nowhere was the process of secularisation more advanced than in the working-class districts of Germany’s large industrial cities, where they were Protestant. In 1900, 14 per cent of Protestant Berliners took communion but the evidence. See also Dieter Langewiesche and Klaus Schönhoven, ‘Arbeiterbibliotheken’, Archiv für Sozialgeschichte, 16 (1976), 135–207. 23 Geary, ‘Beer and skittles’, pp. 394–5. 24 On persecution and discrimination in

in Labour and working-class lives
Bryan Fanning

, ‘to be non-academic in future, reacting more to the problems of the day, while maintaining the traditional interest of Studies in general Irish culture.’ However, such a shift had been building for a number of years. The editorial view from the late 1970s onwards was that Studies had misplaced its raison d’être.48 The new emphasis was to be upon the perceived dislocations resulting from social injustices, secularisation and loss of political legitimacy. These were understood as somehow intertwined with the problem of declining Catholic influence in the Republic but

in Irish adventures in nation-building
The case of Pier Paolo Pasolini
Michael Mack

specific role. In this way they are allegories. As allegories, the actors purport to represent some form of truth in a symbolic way. Walter Benjamin has established a salient account of allegory which relates the term to the radically secularised world of bourgeois modernity. As a secularised literary device Benjamin’s modern and postmodern allegory may have become stripped of its theological context but it

in Incest in contemporary literature
David Geiringer

centrality of gender to discussions about and within contemporary Catholicism. 3 Unlike Brown’s ‘secularising’ sample, the interview participants for this project all identified as Catholic believers in one way or another. Of course, this ‘Catholic’ identity meant different things to different interviewees. There will be no attempt to judge the ‘legitimacy’ of the interviewees’ claims to Catholicism; their

in The Pope and the pill
Abstract only
Death and security – the only two certainties
Charlotte Heath-Kelly

omnipotence from previous religious articulations of divine sovereignty, but cannot remedy the death anxiety implicit within human existence (Agamben 1991 ; Bauman 1992 ; Becker 1973 ; Heidegger 1962 : 279–311, 1971 ; Oberst 2009 ). The emergence of ‘security’ during the slow secularisation of rule in Europe can be understood as the replacement of one technology of immortality (the promise of divine

in Death and security
Dramatic and civil logics of the European state-form
Jacques Lezra

is human history. The disguised Duke – or perhaps Shakespeare – is being deeply ironic, or perhaps displaying an extraordinary grasp of the logic of redemption, of sacrifice: the decapitated, ‘notorious’ ‘pirate’ is the hinge on which politics meets theology, where the secularised concept displays the persistent and inerasable trace of its theological origin, where human

in Transnational connections in early modern theatre
Fern Elsdon-Baker

relativism if we accept and recognise the epistemic contexts within which we work. As Wylie and Nelson (2007) further highlight, the enterprise of science itself has a shifting and changing agenda. This is both an opportunity and a concern, in terms of the highly politicised social-scientific study of religion, the critical reappraisal of the secularisation thesis, and the increasingly geopolitical or transnational understanding of science and religion debates within society. Particularly in light of feminist, or indeed postcolonial, approaches to science studies, which

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Religion and spirituality in environmental direct action
Bronislaw Szerszynski and Emma Tomalin

see the rise of environmental critique as a manifestation of what he terms a second Reformation, as individuals are increasingly ‘set free from the certainties and modes of living of the industrial epoch – just as they were “freed” from the arms of the Church into society in the age of the Reformation’ (Beck, 1992: 14). According to this interpretation, unthinking trust of and deference towards authority is increasingly undermined by individualisation and secularisation, so that scientific claims and political decisions are not simply accepted due to their

in Changing anarchism
Michele Dillon

failure – the Irish are not emboldened by their Catholic identity.21 Increased individualisation and secularisation distance Irish Catholics from the Church, unlike in the US where the forces of secularism and individualism have long accommodated and indeed bolstered religion (though not without tension). Today, the Irish are beginning to look not like their American counterparts but more like their peers in Europe, where too the historical monopoly of the 4147 Inglis–Are the Irish different_BB_Layout 1 29/07/2014 09:26 Page 120 120 Michele Dillon Catholic Church

in Are the Irish different?