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Bryan Fanning

-Traveller racism in Irish society since the 1960s. Chapter 6 consists of a detailed ‘blow by blow’ case study of the politics of Traveller exclusion in County Clare. It examines the period from 1963, when Travellers first became the focus of social policies with the publication of the Report of the Commission on Itinerancy, to the end of 1999. The research had particular personal resonance as I grew up in Ennis, the largest town in the county, alongside many of the county’s present Traveller population. I gave little thought to the inequalities and discriminations experienced by

in Racism and social change in the Republic of Ireland
Bryan Fanning

census profiles of some immigrant communities are augmented in some cases by statistically reliable survey data. A number of such studies examined in this chapter indicate that immigrants encounter specific barriers to employment and occupational status that equate to their levels of education and human capital. Others quantify experiences of racism and discrimination. Others again address risks of social exclusion and socio-spatial segregation. Quantitative data has a clear role in identifying levels of and barriers to integration. The importance of adequate and

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland
Robert J. McKeever

this new Supreme Court agenda. Beginning with the school desegregation case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Court led a historic transformation of the inequality and discrimination that had been imposed on African-Americans since the abolition of slavery. Other minorities and disadvantaged groups were also to benefit from the Court’s new agenda. These included Jehovah’s Witnesses, criminal suspects, women, disabled people and political protesters. The Court gradually fashioned a constitutional philosophy that protected not just unpopular minorities

in The United States Supreme Court
Intellectual responses
Nadia Kiwan

banlieue, family conflict, juvenile delinquency/violence, unemployment and more recently, discrimination. Much of the existing literature on young people of ‘immigrant origin’ has taken the notion of integration as its framework, thus asking how and to what extent young people of immigrant descent are being integrated into mainstream society. One of the limitations in all these debates is the lack of explicit linking between the different perspectives. For example, the more theoretical debates tend to remain normative in character, discussing the merits and disadvantages

in Identities, discourses and experiences
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The political recruitment of women
Elizabeth Evans

Liberal Democrats are concerned, I am absolutely confident there is no kind of systematic barriers of discrimination going on against women candidates. Nick Clegg, statement to the Speaker’s Conference, 20 October 2009 Political parties repeatedly cite the low number of women who put themselves forward for selection as an explanation for women’s descriptive under-representation. In short, they argue, it is a problem with supply and not demand, the latter of which signifies at least some form of discrimination at the point of selection. Norris and Lovenduski

in Gender and the Liberal Democrats
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A hierarchical empire
A. Martin Wainwright

aristocracy and zamindars , who most sought posts in the service. Overt and official racial discrimination in India rankled administrators of institutions committed to the civilising mission. Thus the Gilchrist trustees terminated their award for Indians studying at the Universities of London and Edinburgh, and the India Office continued uneasily to pursue the contradictory policies of

in ‘The better class’ of Indians
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Policy and practice in Northern Ireland
Jennifer Hamilton
Fiona Bloomer
, and
Michael Potter

4 Traveller education: policy and practice in Northern Ireland Jennifer Hamilton, Fiona Bloomer and Michael Potter This chapter addresses the ways in which social exclusion, ­discrimination and disadvantage are experienced by the Traveller community in Northern Ireland with respect specifically to education. Drawing on empirical research, it evaluates the adequacy and effectiveness of primary-level education from the perspective of Travellers, and assesses the broader policy context for Traveller educational provision in Northern Ireland, providing some insights

in Tolerance and diversity in Ireland, North and South
Diana Cullell

España (PFE) was founded in 1975 and officially registered in 1981 – and women were finally able to shed state control and domination and enjoy freedom once again. During the electoral campaigns before the general elections in 1977 were due to take place, socialists and communists backed most of women’s demands for equality in all spheres, including the socialisation of domestic work, equal opportunities for paid work, and an end to educational and legislative discrimination. Activists’ campaigns also incorporated certain radical feminist demands around sexuality, most

in Spanish contemporary poetry
Marian Sawer

’s coordination units such as OSW focused on across-the-board gender analysis of policy rather than programme delivery, they were also responsible for coordinating cross-portfolio initiatives and for the development of new policy to the point where it could be handed over to another agency for implementation. Examples of the latter at the federal level were the development of federal sex discrimination and affirmative action legislation. Femocrats inside and outside OSW also influenced policy over a range of sectors at this time — such as the quintupling of the national child

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Fearghus Roulston

-partition Northern Irish state was both the product and the producer of sectarian division, and that despite its occasional funding of cross-community summer camps and its occasional disavowals of discrimination it depended on the existence of this division for its continued viability. 7 If ‘the establishment of the state was thus the first and overarching sectarian act from which the other sectarian institutions, relations and practices flowed’, how should we make sense of punk's intervention in this confluence

in Belfast punk and the Troubles