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Identity, culture, and belonging

insistence on the use of English. Third, there was no standardised Scots. This, together with the mass migration of Highland and Irish populations to the Central Belt which formed a melting pot of the Scots, Gaelic, and English languages, made the five Scots dialects vulnerable 16 to corruption. Fourth, Scots was never considered an appropriate medium 17 for the mass media, thereby leading to the further dominance of English. That Scots, like Irish Gaelic, was not a very useful means of communication in the wider world also played a part. Clearly, these factors would have

in Personal narratives of Irish and Scottish migration, 1921–65
Abstract only

complex, dynamic relationship between Britain’s post-imperial history and the institutional history of public service television. ‘Black’ communities come together in this discussion because of their shared post-colonial histories and the mass migration journeys that many embarked on after the Second World War. These communities have also remained at the forefront of debates about screen diversity, but have also traditionally been under-served as audiences and excluded as practitioners. The collection brings together a range of scholars who insist on foregrounding the

in Adjusting the contrast
Black representation and Top Boy

discriminatory ends, or efforts to create a politics of liberation, the ghetto has an iconic role in shaping the representation of African American life. The ‘iconic ghetto’ in Britain The UK is not subject to the same kind of residential segregation as in the USA, although there are patterns of concentration of ethnic minorities in particular locations, based on discrimination. Mass migration of those minorities from the colonies only began in earnest after the Second World War when, owing to the loss of millions of men, Britain was in desperate need of workers. During this

in Adjusting the contrast

:  as late as 30 May, the Secretary of State for rapatriés told his cabinet colleagues that the current number of recorded arrivals in France was in line with figures for the previous year, implying that it was a question of annual ‘holidaymakers’ rather than a permanent displacement.3 Ultimately, however, the French government acknowledged and responded to this mass migration in ways that proved innovative creating a community 49 and enduring. This response was based on the fact that the population in question was clearly defined as neither immigrants nor refugees

in From empire to exile

UK and Ireland, two LMEs, which opened their labour market in 2004 together with Sweden. Whereas Sweden only experienced relatively minor inflows, both the UK and Ireland received large-scale migration from the NMS. In the case of the latter two, their flexible labour markets have been able to incorporate these inflows without leading to major displacement of the native workforce or to levels of labour market segmentation which are found in some Southern European countries (Schierup et al., 2006). There is little doubt that mass migration since 2004 has helped to

in New mobilities in Europe
Migrant aspirations and employer strategies

Ireland experienced mass migration from Poland and elsewhere. We first examine why Polish migrants moved to Ireland. We show that economic motives, in particular the search for a higher income, were important. However, in many cases the migration decision was more complex than just a response to wage differentials. We then examine how migrants accessed employment by utilising a number of formal and informal recruitment channels. As Ireland’s booming labour market provided considerable opportunities both for skilled and less-skilled jobs, almost all participants of our

in New mobilities in Europe

quo ante is unlikely as the Irish workplace has irrevocably changed in the context of mass migration from Poland and elsewhere. Informality and casual employment in less-skilled occupations The flexible Irish labour market provided low entry barriers for new arrivals and was able to integrate large numbers of migrants into the workforce 06_Krings_Ch-5.indd 77 4/1/2013 9:03:49 PM 78 NEW MOBILITIES IN EUROPE without leading to major dislocations in the labour market. At the same time, a flexible labour market can lead to incidents of underpayment and rights

in New mobilities in Europe
Zombie pharmacology In the Flesh

fence to ensure that any straggling brain-eaters stay out. Even with the series’ Victus Party championing the rights of the living at a national level and exerting a phenomenal degree of control over local policies and practices, the Roartonians are, by their very nature, isolationist. Theirs is Fortress Roarton, the fence evoking contemporary British efforts to stem mass migration to the country

in Neoliberal Gothic

-free travel continued to be delayed (Stratfor, 2016). In some cases, the priorities for the neighbours involve existential threats to the integrity of the state, whether it is the threat from Russia for Ukraine, the existence of frozen conflicts and rogue states in Moldova, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia, or mass migration, terrorism and military coup in the case of Turkey. In these contexts, EU priorities such as human rights and democracy may take second place. There are also differences in economic priorities. In the case of the differences between Russia and the EU

in The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood
The Indian diaspora

practice Hinduism.’ In Indochina the kingdoms of Fu-nan, Champa, Kambujadesa (Kampuchea),Angkor and Laos were also greatly influenced by Indian culture and civilization. However, mass migration of people from the Indian subcontinent began only in the nineteenth century. Narayan, as well as the RHLCID, notes that the nineteenth and early part of the twentieth centuries witnessed unprecedented emigration of indentured and other labourers, traders, professionals and employees of the British government to the British, French, Dutch and Portuguese colonies in Asia

in India in a globalized world