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Anne Ring Petersen

differing views on the relative importance of rights and responsibilities, liberty and authority, equality and hierarchy. These differences are products of centuries. They will not soon disappear. They are far more fundamental than differences among political ideologies and political regimes.49 One of the problems with Huntingtonian isolationism and cultural relativism is that it disregards the mass migration in evidence today, and the fact that, in diasporic conditions, people are often obliged to adopt shifting and multiple positions of identification. According to

in Migration into art
Rowland Atkinson and Sarah Blandy

in the social context: this was an era of growing industrialisation and mass migration from the countryside by impoverished and landless rural labourers following the Enclosure Acts. Crime rates increased and familiar social structures appeared to break down. The idea of respectability acted as a bulwark against the horrors of social and sexual degeneration with the home becoming ‘a place of constant struggle to maintain privacy, security and respectability in a dangerous world’ (Hepworth, 1999: 19), and this struggle was reflected in the architecture of Gothic

in Domestic fortress
Abstract only
Ethnic associationalism and an English diaspora
Tanja Bueltmann and Donald M. MacRaild

in distress. By the mid-nineteenth century, when mass migration propelled large numbers of English cross the Atlantic for a new life ‘out west’, English ethnic societies had also taken hold in Canada. These associations developed everywhere, with their spread intrinsically connected to the general settlement patterns of the English. Such was the proliferation and interest that, in 1881, one of the older organizations in the United States, the Sons of St George in Philadelphia, 1 2   The English diaspora in North America had so many hundreds of members that its

in The English diaspora in North America
Identity, culture, and belonging
Angela McCarthy

insistence on the use of English. Third, there was no standardised Scots. This, together with the mass migration of Highland and Irish populations to the Central Belt which formed a melting pot of the Scots, Gaelic, and English languages, made the five Scots dialects vulnerable 16 to corruption. Fourth, Scots was never considered an appropriate medium 17 for the mass media, thereby leading to the further dominance of English. That Scots, like Irish Gaelic, was not a very useful means of communication in the wider world also played a part. Clearly, these factors would have

in Personal narratives of Irish and Scottish migration, 1921–65
Abstract only
Sarita Malik and Darrell M. Newton

complex, dynamic relationship between Britain’s post-imperial history and the institutional history of public service television. ‘Black’ communities come together in this discussion because of their shared post-colonial histories and the mass migration journeys that many embarked on after the Second World War. These communities have also remained at the forefront of debates about screen diversity, but have also traditionally been under-served as audiences and excluded as practitioners. The collection brings together a range of scholars who insist on foregrounding the

in Adjusting the contrast
Black representation and Top Boy
Kehinde Andrews

discriminatory ends, or efforts to create a politics of liberation, the ghetto has an iconic role in shaping the representation of African American life. The ‘iconic ghetto’ in Britain The UK is not subject to the same kind of residential segregation as in the USA, although there are patterns of concentration of ethnic minorities in particular locations, based on discrimination. Mass migration of those minorities from the colonies only began in earnest after the Second World War when, owing to the loss of millions of men, Britain was in desperate need of workers. During this

in Adjusting the contrast
Claire Eldridge

:  as late as 30 May, the Secretary of State for rapatriés told his cabinet colleagues that the current number of recorded arrivals in France was in line with figures for the previous year, implying that it was a question of annual ‘holidaymakers’ rather than a permanent displacement.3 Ultimately, however, the French government acknowledged and responded to this mass migration in ways that proved innovative creating a community 49 and enduring. This response was based on the fact that the population in question was clearly defined as neither immigrants nor refugees

in From empire to exile
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek and Justyna Salamońska

UK and Ireland, two LMEs, which opened their labour market in 2004 together with Sweden. Whereas Sweden only experienced relatively minor inflows, both the UK and Ireland received large-scale migration from the NMS. In the case of the latter two, their flexible labour markets have been able to incorporate these inflows without leading to major displacement of the native workforce or to levels of labour market segmentation which are found in some Southern European countries (Schierup et al., 2006). There is little doubt that mass migration since 2004 has helped to

in New mobilities in Europe
Migrant aspirations and employer strategies
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek and Justyna Salamońska

Ireland experienced mass migration from Poland and elsewhere. We first examine why Polish migrants moved to Ireland. We show that economic motives, in particular the search for a higher income, were important. However, in many cases the migration decision was more complex than just a response to wage differentials. We then examine how migrants accessed employment by utilising a number of formal and informal recruitment channels. As Ireland’s booming labour market provided considerable opportunities both for skilled and less-skilled jobs, almost all participants of our

in New mobilities in Europe
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek and Justyna Salamońska

quo ante is unlikely as the Irish workplace has irrevocably changed in the context of mass migration from Poland and elsewhere. Informality and casual employment in less-skilled occupations The flexible Irish labour market provided low entry barriers for new arrivals and was able to integrate large numbers of migrants into the workforce 06_Krings_Ch-5.indd 77 4/1/2013 9:03:49 PM 78 NEW MOBILITIES IN EUROPE without leading to major dislocations in the labour market. At the same time, a flexible labour market can lead to incidents of underpayment and rights

in New mobilities in Europe