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Security sector reform in comparative context
Timothy Edmunds

legitimate political community within which reform could take place in the form of the Croatian state itself. 2 This in turn provided a stable framework against which the reforms themselves could be predicated. The situation was different in Serbia-Montenegro. While the fall of Milošević in October 2000 removed one of the most negative and destabilising influences in the Western

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
Allyn Fives

freedom. And we ought to respect the plurality of forms of life compatible with society’s basic rules of justice. Therefore, we ought to protect parents’ right to share a religious way of life with their children should they wish to do so, that is, a right to practice their religion with their children and to rear their children in accordance with their religious beliefs. Nonetheless, second, the political community also ought to be concerned about the education of children within that community. Indeed, the community has a right to shape the values of the adults

in Evaluating parental power
Extremism and the ‘politics of mutual envy’ in Nigeria?
Akinyemi Oyawale

’s position with its accompanying status, wealth, power, prestige and authority must be desirous ( Browning, 1888 ). Taking the children away to an underground country must be a way of fulfilling this fantasy of secession and establishing its own political community. The ‘collective memory’ of the state’s wrongdoing and exploitation has to be mythologised and then embedded in a specific ‘projective narrative’ to depict what wrongs have been done and construct what past or future space can best right these wrongs. In other words, it involves the constructive manipulation

in Encountering extremism
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Security sector reform in transforming societies
Timothy Edmunds

change. In addition to the basic question of how to establish civilian control over the security sector, the manner in which a political community manages and deploys its means of coercion is closely linked to its wider system of governance. Therefore political change, and particularly democratisation, will generally entail inevitable changes (or ‘reform’) in the nature of security sector governance as

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
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Ethics beyond technics
Elke Schwarz

biopolitical rationale of eliminating that which stands in the way of the life processes and progress of a political community, the worry is that an ethical vacuum emerges in which the choice to kill is the rational choice, and therefore the first, not the last, resort. This is precisely what the push for artificially intelligent autonomous technologies heralds. The questions at the forefront of current debates on autonomous lethal weapons systems focus on

in Death machines
Eoin Daly
Tom Hickey

-domination, considered below. Thus in the republican lens, democracy is valuable only in relation to a particular concept of individual rights, and rights cannot be properly understood except in terms of citizenship as a political status. Individual rights, then, have no coherent meaning other than in the context of political community – and we assume that this republican insight ought to have greater import in constitutional debates. Introduction 9 In the United States, republicans have ‘challenge[d] a prevailing understanding of the constitution as primarily a set of rules to

in The political theory of the Irish Constitution
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Good relations, freespeech and political activism
Ruth Sheldon

communicate and who is entitled to participate (Fraser 2009). At stake in this politics are struggles over how competing experiences of suffering can be spoken and heard. Conflicts over the very boundaries of the relevant political community are enmeshed with demands arising out of the entangled, ongoing histories of European antisemitism and colonial violence, which cut across territorial borders. The questions raised by this justice conflict speak to the contemporary condition of our democratic politics, which is shaped by processes of globalisation, the legacies of

in Tragic encounters and ordinary ethics
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Grace Huxford

as particular characterisations of Asian society or views on the value of active citizenship in a time of war. Coming at a time of major geopolitical reconfiguration, the social history of the Korean War thus reveals how, on an everyday level, British people saw themselves and the world around them. These social perspectives are not tangential or parallel to Cold War British history:  concerns about political communities, the limits and duties of citizenship, and the way people viewed themselves were vigorously discussed at this time. In political commentary but

in The Korean War in Britain
Sibylle Scheipers

starting point of international relations is the existence of states, or independent political communities each of which possesses a government and asserts sovereignty in relation to a particular portion of the earth’s surface and a particular segment of the human population. … The sovereignty of states, both internal and external, may be said to exist both at a normative level and at a factual level. (Bull, 1995: 8; emphasis added) World society scholars and solidarists, by contrast, regard the meaning of human rights as unproblematic, but argue that the concept of

in Negotiating sovereignty and human rights
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Darrow Schecter

stability with the uncoerced reconciliation characteristic of a political community whose institutions are structured by legitimate forms of law. That is an ideological equation perpetuated by the victorious liberal democratic heirs of the Enlightenment. The most recent expression of this particular line of interpretation is the allegedly post-metaphysical thinking of theorists of communicative action and recognition, who provide

in Beyond hegemony