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Ahmad H. Sa’di

identity of the Palestinians. The major part of this research explored the selfcategorization of Palestinian citizens. Typically, interviewees were asked to choose among a list of labels the most appropriate social construction that describes their identity. The lists usually included images: Arab, Israeli, religious affiliations, Israeli Arab and Palestinian. The findings were interpreted as indicating Israelization versus Palestinization or radicalization versus moderation. On the basis of the state policy plan of dividing the Palestinians into ethnic groups with

in Thorough surveillance
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Judith Renner

general or in specific cases’ (Borer, 2006 : 30). By interpreting reconciliation not as a given reality but rather as a social construction and explaining how the reconciliation discourse came into being, this book hopes to provide an alternative to the affirmative writings of many transitional justice scholars. It thereby wants to strengthen the critical stance towards reconciliation and other

in Discourse, normative change and the quest for reconciliation in global politics
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Michelle Bentley

. Its use is the calculated, constructed, and contextualised product of self-interested actors. Conventional understanding considers taboos to be intrinsic and static restraints. Specifically, taboos govern actors: they are ideas and behaviours to which actors inexorably adhere as a consequence of their social construction and which they cannot directly control. Critically, however, this theoretical position neglects the way

in Syria and the chemical weapons taboo
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Andrew Whiting

cybersecurity knowledge and thus the construction of popular understandings of the ‘cyber security imaginary’ (Stevens, 2015). Such a position is predicated on the idea that, rather than existing as a purely extra-discursive reality, cyber-threats are constituted as part of an inter-subjective process of social construction. Clearly, this does not preclude the material existence of the networks, computers, software, actors, etc. that makes up the substance of some of the discussions I have engaged in over the course of this book. Rather than arguing that the social world is

in Constructing cybersecurity
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The milestones of Teubner’s neo-pluralism
Alberto Febbrajo

. 19 Legal theory is incapable of tackling these problems if it continues to have the one-to-one link between the constitution and the state and fails to acknowledge the existence of emerging social constructions that tend to produce law independently of the state. 20 As a matter of fact, each ‘sectorial constitution’ based on power, money, law or knowledge ‘makes use of “constitutive rules” to regulate

in Critical theory and legal autopoiesis
Clive Barnett

negotiating between overly socialised views of the social (for example, in cultural theories of the social construction of subjectivity or non-representational theories of affective atmospheres) and under-socialised views of the individual (for example, in economics or psychology). Big-P Pragmatism’s value lies in part in its emphasis on the social dimensions of knowledge, on how problems arise and resolutions are arrived at through practices of collective interaction. But it is also a tradition of thought that affirms the irreducible pluralism of human life. And this

in The power of pragmatism
Cybernetics, interfaces, new media
Caroline Bassett

materiality which is why bringing use into the definition of the system and into the consideration of its materiality at the outset is important. The point is to go beyond a simple form of social construction that says systems are shaped over time by the uses to which they are put – essentially through product-development cycles. A more thoroughgoing sense of how use intervenes in the system is required. New media networks only fully unfurl as systems in their use, and use is therefore to be regarded as an integral part of the whole, rather than as epiphenomenal. Use is

in The arc and the machine
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Coming to terms with the Spanish republican exile in France
Scott Soo

. I therefore privilege an interpretation of exile as a social construction grounded in the actions of both the Spanish refugees, and the institutions and people with whom they interacted in France. This focus furthers historical understanding of refugee history in France more generally and the Spanish republican exile more specifically. In relation to the wider history of refugees in France, this study makes several contributions. First, I engage with historians’ debates over refugees’ rights under the Third Republic by rejecting a view of the decade as involving a

in The routes to exile
Elana Wilson Rowe

’ or representations of the Arctic as a political space set the parameters for possible political action. A robust representation of any policy object most often delimits the kinds of The power politics of representation     39 actors, rhetoric and practices that are recognised as ‘relevant’, ‘practical’ and ‘useful’. Analytical attention to framing is a feature of the broader literature on the social construction of space. This literature resulted from a sense for the shortcomings of purely temporal explanations in accounting for how the fabric of everyday life

in Arctic governance
An analysis of post-2006 Timor-Leste
Sarah Smith

, connected with biological sex and, in turn, reinforced the maintenance of gendered power relations. ‘Doing gender’ in peacebuilding The ‘gendering’ of women is a conceptual limitation of the UN’s Women, Peace and Security practice. The social construction of gendered roles occurs via UN peacebuilding generally and via gender mainstreaming practices in particular, reflecting the conflation of ‘gender’ with ‘women’ (see Shepherd 2011). The problem with this process is that it assumes that gender is a fixed, objective fact about an individual. By connecting gender with

in The politics of identity