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Integration policy in Britain and France after the SecondWorld War

services, both public and private, that were more readily available to the British population and European immigrants. In contrast to the reactive and uncoordinated approach characteristic of immigrant welfare policy in the UK during the 1950s, the French government had established organisations to protect, assist, and keep an eye on ‘indigenous North Africans’ as early as the 1920s

in Empire, migration and identity in the British world

against him, he was put on the street outside the prison and given a prisoner’s pass so that he could get a bus back to Belfast.1 Is Frank Kakopa’s treatment at Belfast City Airport an example of racism? Kakopa is from Zimbabwe in southern Africa and, like all the other people he saw detained at the airport that day, is Black. Is the treatment of the other Black people, detained on the same day as Kakopa, also an example of racism? In the previous chapter, we examined the question ‘is sectarianism racism?’ and we concluded that, within the framework of UK Race Relations

in Northern Ireland and the crisis of anti-racism
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Asia subsequently carried Labour Party statements on colonial policy, but it also included a one-page message from George Padmore, chairman, Pan-African Federation, that the Embassy in Rangoon found ‘thoroughly offensive to the British Labour Party’. His ‘Freedom-Message’, appearing on the second page of this special issue on colonialism, pre-empted the subsequent three pieces

in Ending British rule in Africa

2002 covers Chagos islanders’ second-generation descendants only if they were born in exile after 26 April 1969, which the UK Government selected as the start date of the ‘policy of exclusion’ from the Chagos Archipelago.6 Writing this start date into the BOT legislation was a way to avoid awarding UK citizenship to the children of those islanders deemed by British officials to have left Chagos ‘voluntarily’ prior to the forced depopulation of the territory. This start date has been highly contested: regardless of when the forced deportations actually began, the BIOT

in Chagos islanders in Mauritius and the UK
Presenting the GenderImmi data set

. Case selection was based upon countries with high current patterns of skilled immigration as reflected in recent OECD International Migration Outlook reports (OECD 2011b, 2012a). I focus on the OECD because Gender awareness of skilled immigration policies 35 it is in those countries that the most available data and laws on immigration policy are available. This is not to discount the importance of skilled immigration to non-OECD countries, in particular Singapore, Hong Kong and South Africa, rather to focus on countries for which the most reliable legal and policy

in Gender, migration and the global race for talent

. Binks, African Rainbow [London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1959], p. 61. 10 Edward Grigg, ‘British policy in Kenya’, Journal of the Royal African Society 26 [1927]: 193–208. 11 ‘Municipal election’, EAS [30 Dec. 1916

in The souls of white folk

which they were at odds with Conservative policy. However, unlike defence and Europe, this was a policy area where the Labour Party was almost always united. Labour supported national liberation movements, condemned intervention by either superpower, focused attention on Third World debt, and was at the forefront of the campaign in Britain to end apartheid in South Africa. The party performed the role of pressure group in terms of highlighting and propelling issues such as apartheid up the political agenda in Britain. Labour’s commitment to dealing with Third World

in The Labour Party and the world

states, one expected result is a ‘personalised foreign policy’, as in the cases of Atatürk, Castro, Nehru, Nasser, Nkrumah, Sukarno, Gaddafi and Saddam to mention but a few outstanding examples.74 Therefore, the appearance of ‘charismatic’ and/or ‘revolutionary’ leaders in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Latin America has been accepted as an integral part of the political readjustments and development of the Third World countries.75 But it is still arguable whether the presence of strong leadership alone can suffice to take a country along the path to modernity or to

in Turkey facing east

to the challenges posed by integration has been our concern in this chapter. In the case of African parents and children, we have documented a number of challenges and points of contestation, together with showing the quotidian experiences in classrooms and the often heroic efforts by teachers, managers, parents and even children to get on with things in practical ways. Consistently, however, larger questions have been raised about the education system, the extant policies that inform practice and the philosophical goals of education in Ireland. The UK, the United

in Integration in Ireland
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Coins and the creation of new national identities

much the same way that the newly independent countries’ broader economic policies were conditioned by global economic forces. The end of the East African Currency Board and new coins for Uganda British East Africa had, since 1919, used coins and notes issued and managed by the East African Currency Board. 10 The coins

in Cultures of decolonisation