Populism, New Humour and the male clerk in Marsh’s Sam Briggs adventures

and peculiar’, while an obituary in the Athenaeum commended the late author’s ‘sense of social comedy’.2 Even his Gothic tales were admired for their use of humour, with many critics acknowledging Marsh’s flair for genre bending.3 Marsh frequently used slapstick, satire, parody and farce to interrogate some of the most pressing issues of his day, including the ‘Woman Question’ and the changing conceptions of manhood and masculinity, the expansion of London and the effects of suburban sprawl, the contentious debates about evolution and degeneration, the rise of

in Richard Marsh, popular fiction and literary culture, 1890–1915
The Elephant Man, the Hysteric, the Indian and the Doctor

, but later considers that it is masculinity which is in some way to blame. This idea of a ‘dangerous’ masculinity, which Treves had seen in the case of Merrick, is here moved from the apparent margins of biological anomaly to the centre of institutionalised masculine culture, as represented both by the medical profession and the duties of the wife. These Gothic images of imprisonment are translated

in Victorian demons
The Datchet Diamonds

driven by chance events, and in which an imagery of gambling is omnipresent. In this way, the novel explores the fears and aspirations of its young and somewhat precariously middle-class characters as they seek to establish for themselves a place 87 Richard Marsh, masculinity and money in an uncertain world. It also poses questions about value: about what is valuable and about how value is to be measured in a society in which market forces threaten ceaselessly to transform people, objects and relationships into mere instances of economic rationality. This chapter will

in Richard Marsh, popular fiction and literary culture, 1890–1915

relationship to identity construction, many cultural commentators share a number of theoretical assumptions regarding the body, gender and sexuality post-AIDS. This commonality concerns an assumption that the visual field, particularly vis-à-vis eroticised images of safer sex, works to break down and/or transgress a stable heterosexual masculine identity, to the extent that for many social and cultural theorists such images have been assumed to incite a crisis of the male body and a crisis of heterosexual masculinity. In making this assumption explicit this chapter aims to

in Object matters
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Heroism, masculinity and violence in Vietnam War narratives

9 Chicken or hawk? Heroism, masculinity and violence in Vietnam War narratives Angela K. Smith We come to stand behind him against the wall – we ghosts – as flat and pale as a night-light, easy on the eyes...1 Vietnam was a war of ghosts. Since the earliest days of Western civilisation, soldiering has represented the ultimate in manliness. Prowess on the field of battle, successful action carried out against an enemy, has been an integral part of the way masculinity has been constructed for generations. A simple paradigm, perhaps, but complicated when viewed

in Gender and warfare in the twentieth century
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feeling, naval manhood as envisaged by writers like Rudyard Kipling or Fred Jane heralded a rugged masculinity that embraced physical strength and imparted a straightforward integrity. These popular portrayals of the British bluejacket valorised naval manhood for defending home and empire and provided an egalitarian model of the manly ideal. Although the First World War was not a naval war, representations

in From Jack Tar to Union Jack
Reserved men at work

, the occasional bomb, We are sick and tired, but carry on . . . Women also work in this man’s domain To help the war effort, they explain. They swear and smoke and toil like men, This place will never be the same again.1 Ron Spedding, who started in a railway wagon works in Durham in 1940 aged sixteen and then remained there for the next forty-​two years, evokes in his poem what war work meant to him. It speaks of the construction of masculinity in working-​class jobs and of male identities in wartime. Working-​class masculinity oozes from the lines in this ‘hard

in Men in reserve
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and GMC recognition, plus attributes of Victorian middleclass masculinity including a respectable marriage, and still have fallen short. Admittedly Hoyle was probably disadvantaged or disturbed by 2 Medical misadventure his father’s example – Hoyle senior was also a practitioner and had faked his own abduction and murder in 1845 – but the two different accounts of his life illustrate the positive ways that even problematic medical careers might have been read in the past.6 A better understanding of the professionalising process in medicine requires attention to

in Medical misadventure in an age of professionalisation, 1780–1890
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Sexuality and the writing of colonial history

history spawned by the Annales school had focused attention on private life and marital and reproductive strategies. Growing interest in the history of medicine and psychology saw works on sexual health and illnesses, their diagnosis and treatment. Particularly important was women’s history, which gained ground in the 1970s and broadened into multifaceted gender history; studies of masculinity

in Writing imperial histories

female activists from different generations, I conclude with an analysis of the ways in which these activists constructed personal and political identities within a set of ideas in which militarism was associated with masculinity and pacifism with maternity. Constructing ‘couple terrorism’ In the existing literature on ETA membership, the small number of women in the organisation has been explained primarily in terms of wider social and cultural factors, such as the gendered nature of Basque cultural traditions, including sports and games,4 or the patriarchal nature of

in Women and ETA