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Variations on the abdomen in Marivaux’s L’Homère travesti and Le Télémaque travesti

)23 Despite his scruples, it is the belly that Diomède, a low-class epic hero, smites.24 Just as the noble style becomes base, so the heroic targets move down from the upper body to the lower. In Le Télémaque travesti, the rewriting of book XV of Fénelon’s 212 Potbelly, paunch and innards Aventures de Télémaque, and in particular the combat between Adraste and Pisistrate, also places the belly at the heart of the parody. In Fénelon the words ventre and entrailles occur only once in relation to the human body,25 precisely in connection with this epic combat

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century
Quarantine and the colony

immigrants served as the inaugural event in the life of the new working class,’ she writes. The event impressed upon the immigrant ‘the national hierarchy and his or her low place in it’. 19 Quarantines and inspections defined the conditions of admittance to a new society. In the late 1830s Sydney was growing in size, but its politics were also changing. The problems of unfree labour were intimately related to the politics of immigration as New South Wales made the transition from penal to free colonial society in this decade. Yet

in Health, medicine, and the sea

that the great pandemics of influenza were not isolated phenomena, but were each part of a series of organised disturbances of health spread over an influenzal period, lasting roughly for the whole world some five years or so, with central waves of influenza within that period. He stressed the importance of studying the precursors of what he called ‘picaresque catastrophes’. His words may have implications for the world of the early twenty-​first century with its outbreaks of Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome (MERS), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), H5N1

in Stacking the coffins
Protestant and Catholic bodies

medicine was considered to be purer and to ‘possess spiritual and scientific merits’ not present in the works of Galen and later Galenic authors.16 This perhaps explains why rather than adopting the doctrine of the six Non-Naturals, which had only assumed ‘canonical status’ in Galenic medicine at the end of the middle ages, some vernacular authors in Protestant England drew on Hippocrates’ Epidemics IV/ English and Italian health advice 213 VI for an alternative way of organising their regimen.17 Hippocrates had referred to five (not six) aspects of life ‘upon which

in Conserving health in early modern culture
A case study around an enigmatic pouring vessel

the upper part of this object is also worth focusing on, as this element might 270 Performing and portraying health Figure 10.2  Andrea Riccio, ‘Cadogan Lamp’, bronze, Padua (Italy), 1507–10 provide synecdochally a reference to its possible identity as a table fountain. This interpretation would be supported by another entry in the inventory of Virgiliotto Calamelli’s workshop, where a fontana da bere or ‘drinking fountain’ is listed.24 Going under the modern term of ‘table fountains’, these playful devices became popular items at banquets and other upper-class

in Conserving health in early modern culture

him to carry in his mind a stereoscopic picture of the brain as transparent as the stereoscopic images of the radiographer, but the men who made those observations were, until recently, engaged in the practice of medicine or surgery, and some of them might even have been classed as ‘popular physicians’.18 What was Garrod’s point? It might be worth observing that James Parkinson’s classic The Shaking Palsy, although a stunning example of anatomic-physiological reasoning and clinical inference, had been the work of a nineteenth-century general practitioner. In other

in The neurologists
Abstract only
New Jersey, 1800–70

the labour of the insane constituted real productive work, on the other hand. This historical dynamic of asylum patient work that became commonplace in Europe and North America, and the contradictions within it pointed out by Reaume, can be partially explained by bringing into consideration Andrew Scull’s pioneering revisionist studies of English asylum development. Scull grounds the very rationale of the asylum in the anxieties of an emerging middle class about unproductive labour – the mass casualties of capitalist production whose unemployment rankled the busy

in Work, psychiatry and society, c. 1750–2015

. Since the Song Dynasty (960–1279 CE), the Inner Canon had been available in China in two editions: the Divine Pivot, or Ling shu (靈樞), and the Plain Questions, or Su wen (素問).2 114 Bridie Andrews Chapter 18 of the Ling shu, which is titled “The generation and convergence of nutritive and defensive [qi]” (Ying wei sheng hui, 營衛生會) says that: The middle warmer … receives the qi. It secretes dross, purifies fluids, and transforms them into their essence, transporting upwards to the lung vessels, where they are transformed to become blood, to nourish life and limbs

in Historical epistemology and the making of modern Chinese medicine
The intestinal labours of Paris

, things that no language has named and which will forever be nameless. Joseph Méry, Salons et souterrains de Paris1 It might all start with a simple stroll around the streets of the fourteenth arrondissement of Paris, wandering with no particular aim in mind. In wet weather, the numerous manhole covers (plaques d’égouts or rather tampons de regards, inspection hatches in official terminology) act like simple mirrors in the pavement to reflect our poor, meagre silhouettes lost in the middle of the noisy city, prey to a perpetual Brownian motion. Yet it becomes apparent

in Bellies, bowels and entrails in the eighteenth century

, lazarettos served as nodal colonial sites, abetting the European powers’ imperial expansion in multiple ways and means, including the use of elaborate institutional procedures and reconfiguring of a discourse (using modern medical–sanitary phraseology) and practices which endorsed the colonial subjection of ‘native’ Arabs as an ‘inferior race’. Most lazarettos located on the southern and eastern coasts of the Middle Sea and – following the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 – on the major maritime routes to the Orient/India, fell directly under European surveillance and

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914