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Abstract only
Cerwyn Moore

Significantly, the poverty and breakdown of law and order in Albania also led families to seek employment in neighbouring countries. The incremental migration that had been ongoing since the end of the Cold War gathered pace, giving Albanian groups a foothold in Italy and more generally across Europe. This created a network of Albanian groups, some of whom were involved in criminality. The trafficking of people, arms and drugs meant the Albanian mafia quickly became influential in the region, providing a clandestine support network and secretive clan-based organisation rooted

in Contemporary violence
The case of Ker Kwaro Acholi in northern Uganda
Julia Gallagher and V. Y. Mudimbe

presents four significant, yet largely fabricated claims. These are that the revived clan chiefs form an historical alliance, known as Ker Kwaro Acholi, which comes from the Luo group and dates back to a migration into Acholiland in the fifteenth century; that today Ker Kwaro Acholi’s council of clan chiefs constitutes a homogenous group hailing from lineages holding the same office in the pre-colonial period; that the traditional roles of the council of clan chiefs were and remain primarily as peacemakers and custodians of Acholi cultural practices; and finally that Ker

in Images of Africa
Abstract only
Timothy J. White

. Smith and P. Stares (eds), Diasporas in Conflict: Peacemakers or Peace-wreckers (New York: United Nations University Press, 2007); F. Cochrane, Migration and Security in the Global Age: Diaspora Communities and Conflict (New York: Routledge, 2015). 31 For example, see N. Abu Sandal, ‘Religious actors as epistemic communities in conflict transformation: The cases of South Africa and Northern Ireland’, Review of International Studies, 37:3 (2011), 929–49. 32 See J. D. Brewer, G. I. Higgins, and F. Teeney, Religion, Civil Society, & Peace in Northern Ireland (Oxford

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
Abstract only
Northern Ireland’s unique history with DDR
Carolyn Gallaher

of youth combatants in Liberia’, (Sussex: Sussex Center for Migration Studies Working Paper 29, 2006).  9 Independent Monitoring Commission, Twenty-Sixth and Final Report, p. 13. 10 C. Buchanan and J. Chavez, Negotiating Disarmament: Guns and Violence in the El Salvador Peace Negotiations (Geneva: Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, 2008). 11 J. Morgenstein, Consolidating Disarmament Lessons from Colombia’s Reintegration Program for Demobilized Paramilitaries (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 2008). 12 The Agreement Reached in the Multi

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
Applying a theory of multi-level governance
Mary C. Murphy

number of successes including the political and economic stabilisation of the European continent, the enlargement of the EU from six to twenty-eight member states, and the creation of the Euro. However, the EU has also weathered political and economic storms. The most serious related to the global economic crisis post 2007 which threatened to fatally undermine the stability of the Eurozone area. External challenges – including conflict on the borders of the EU, particularly in the Ukraine and Turkey, and inward migration from war-torn parts of Africa and the Middle

in Theories of International Relations and Northern Ireland
The logics underpining EU enlargement
Helene Sjursen and Karen E. Smith

leaders rejected the idea of Turkish membership largely on cultural grounds (Buzan and Diez 1997 : 45). As Buzan and Diez also note (p. 43), fears of large-scale waves of migration from Turkey into the EU (most particularly, into Germany) have also been high on the list of concerns of the effects of Turkish membership. 9 This is particularly contentious because

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Hungarian Jewry and the wartime Jewish refugee crisis in Austria- Hungary
Rebekah Klein-Pejšová

said; they lived off aid, engaged in profiteering and dishonest business practices, and shirked military duty. Government officials, politicians, newspaper columnists and ordinary members of the public engaged in variations on these themes, arguing for refugee removal and repatriation. As anti-Jewish feeling proliferated throughout the war, the customary complaints about the refugees spread to the Jewish population as a whole.7 Studies of the wartime Jewish refugee crisis in Austria-Hungary have typically focused on refugee migration into major centres further

in Europe on the move
The long ordeal of Balkan Muslims, 1912-34
Uğur Ümit Üngör

massacres perpetrated on the civil population – the first of their kind in twentieth-century warfare – inflicted wounds far deeper than the defeat itself.22 The British consul in Salonika witnessed the process of forced migration and reported as follows: The result of the massacre of Muslims at the beginning of the war, of the looting of their goods in the ensuing months, of the settling of Christians in their villages, of their persecution by Christian neighbours, of their torture and beating by Greek troops, has been the creation of a state of terror among the Islamic

in Europe on the move
Suetyi Lai and Li Zhang

, see www.canterbury.ac.nz/ncre/research/euperceptions/. 5 Full list of keywords includes also Council of European Union, European Council, European Court of Justice / ECJ and European Parliament / EP. 6 The migration crisis started getting serious only later in June 2015. References Anholt, Simon. (2005). Brand New Justice: How Branding Places and Products Can Help the Developing World. Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann Press. Brooks, Stephen. (2015). Anti-Americanism and the Limits of Public Diplomacy: Winning Hearts and Minds? London: Routledge Press

in The European Union in the Asia-Pacific
A comparative case study of Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda
Ivica Petrikova and Melita Lazell

consider the real-world implications of securitisation: what kinds of programme are actually promoted within the discourse, specifically in Africa? Africa is a region of strategic importance to the UK ( ibid .: 14). Violence, conflict, instability and extremism in the continent are identified as the root causes of unprecedented migration flows to Europe ( ibid .: 7, 13). According to the policy discourse, reducing conflict and instability in Africa requires two types of development intervention. The first seeks to encourage the development of democratic, inclusive

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century