examine how both Islanders and Europeans over the course of half a
century attempted to shift the Torres Strait maritime frontier from
a violent and dysfunctional space to a nuanced economic and social
space conducive to peaceful interaction and cross-cultural
In the first part, I portray civilisational analysis as a two-sided, multidimensional
field of the humanities and social sciences. On one side, contemporary civilisational analysis has a delimited set of major problematics and analytics. On the
other side, it formed as a wide-ranging field of debate and has remained one.
Paradigmatically speaking, several questions are problematised in contemporary
civilisational analysis. Both the questions and the provisional answers given to
them shape the three specific images I discern in the field. What
mother of wisdom. This
paradoxical positioning of knowing and not-knowing and its significance for history is articulated more explicitly by the French historian
Philippe Aries, who pioneered research into commemoration and
memorials in the 1970s. Aries argues that ‘history deals with the horizon
between the known and the unknown. It is memory that lures us to this
horizon’ (cited in Hutton, 1993: 168).
The psychologist Frederic Bartlett argues in ‘Remembering: A study
of experimental and social psychology’ that
remembering is not the re-excitation of innumerable fixed
comprehensive explanatory framework for
a set of social phenomena; and on the other, something “making sense of ” such
phenomena’. Authors tease out the particularities of the local scene, while simultaneously recording the influence of global forces and structural contradictions.
The book is also ecumenical in its recognition of the scope for deliberation and
interchange between different disciplines in the social sciences. Contributors
come from backgrounds in archaeology, law, sociology, philosophy, equality
studies, geography, women’s studies and social policy, and their
Archaeological studies have been made of the temporary building forms constructed by the Gaelic-Irish, including creats/creaghts and booley huts. A creaght was a social and farming unit, defined by Simms as a ‘massed herd of livestock representing the individual holdings of a number of people grouped under a single leader, or ruling family, who were grazing land that did not belong to them, either as temporary tenants paying rent or military service, or as trespassers hoping to establish a more enduring claim to possession’ (Simms
conducted for the
University of Oxford’s Department for Continuing Education (OUDCE) during
the Michaelmas Term of 2013 under the title ‘A day in the life of an ancient
Egyptian village’. Six female learners signed up for the course, all of whom were
in the retired age category. The aim was to draw on archaeological and textual
information from the surviving workmen’s villages at Giza, Lahun, Amarna, and
Deir el-Medina to critically assess various work activities and daily life pursuits
by tangibly recreating them within a classroom setting. Work activities such as
Cosmologies of substance, production, and accumulation in Central Mozambique
Bjørn Enge Bertelsen
affects what I call cosmological creation. Such crisis and creation is only in part related to
general processes of commodification; instead it is crucially premised on
the mill’s appropriation of the transformative power of maize to the detriment of women. This pertains particularly to women as in the context
of the household these largely control the socially and cosmologically
significant tasks of transforming the maize cob to maize meal, which
in turn will be made into the staple food.2 Centrally, such an argument
also relates to the locally conceived and
theory is an approach based on the ‘transcendental turn’ in
modern philosophy in which focus moves from ‘facts’ to the conditions
in which these facts are made possible (Laclau, 1990: 431). More specifically, discourse theory is interested in the meaning of facts, rather than
their mere existence. In discourse theory, meaning is considered to be
relevant at two levels: the interpretation of the facts by actors and, secondly, the way that the social world is consequently constituted. The
focus on meaning and interpretation in discourse theory places it in the
MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/01/2013, SPi
Samuel Clark: Strange bedfellows?
The Land League alliances
In this essay, I shall (1) briefly review the principal arguments of Social
Origins of the Irish Land War, along with several earlier articles I published
on rural unrest in Ireland, (2) reassess and elaborate on these arguments
in the light of more recent literature, (3) acknowledge some of the subjects that I did not cover and (4) discuss one of these uncovered subjects
in a little detail.
Intellectual context of Social Origins
First, however, let me
Regional Research 34
Massey, Doreen. 2001. “Living in Wythenshawe”. In The Unknown City: Contesting
Architecture and Social Space. I. Borden, J. Kerr, J. Rendell, and A. Pivaro eds.
pp. 458–476. Cambridge, MA; London: MIT Press.
May, Vanessa and Stewart Muir. 2015. “Everyday belonging and ageing: place and
generational change”. Sociological Research Online 20 (1): 8.
McKenzie, Lisa. 2015. Getting By: Estates, Class and Culture in Austerity Britain.
Bristol: Policy Press.
McNeil, Robina and Michael Nevell. 2000. A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of