Search results

You are looking at 111 - 120 of 120 items for :

  • middle-class x
  • Manchester International Relations x
Clear All

in an unequal society. The poor and marginalised often lack the confidence, skills and resources to establish vibrant and effective associations, and civil society is almost always dominated by the middle classes, even those organisations set up in order to support the oppressed and marginalised (Parekh 2004: 23–4). Civil society associations can be undemocratic and exclusionary. Moreover, civil society is only partially autonomous of the state and the market.Therefore activism in it is often continuous with other forms of political and economic activity. Jaggar

in Refugee women in Britain and France

, conflict resolution, and even national army and police provisioning). By taking control of these services, subordinate classes are simultaneously articulating modes of political authority and social organisation in a way that denies, mitigates, ‘de-totalises’ and provides alternatives to state authority (Bayart 1983: 119).7 This is not necessarily an attack, or a direct denial. Rather, it is a selfregarding activity, a form of aikido, that subverts forms of extraction by enacting Figure 6.1 Home-made broom, photo taken June 2010, private dwelling, Yolo Nord, Kinshasa

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making

Brésiliennes (set up in 1976, in Paris), the Latin American Women’s Rights Service (established in London, in 1983) or the Iranian women’s group L’Eveil (created in 1984, in Paris), while very much part of the history of refugee or exiled women’s struggles were different to those which have emerged since the 137 Allwood 05 138 24/2/10 10:30 Page 138 Refugee women in Britain and France 1990s.The 1970s and 1980s groups or associations were composed mainly of highly educated, middle-class women who had experience in their country of origin, of political struggles mainly

in Refugee women in Britain and France
Abstract only

, despite differences over the precise details, were shared interests in preventing the spread of Soviet-style Communism, especially into Western Europe; a mutual desire to sustain Western influence in the Middle East, facilitating an orderly transition from British to US dominance of the region; and the pressing need to rebuild and reinvigorate the world economy, which had been shattered both by the war and by the depression preceding it. This common ground provided the platform on which many of the institutions that comprised the post-war international order were based

in New Labour and the new world order
Open Access (free)

Wilson would actually be able to deliver much of substance and mocked that: ‘Harold is going to want to have some foreign policy – some little things for his bonnet and he may just start swinging a little weight around’.26 Nevertheless, Nixon and Kissinger viewed Wilson’s foreign policy as useful in safeguarding against French domination of the EEC and preventing it from pursuing an anti-American agenda. It would also ensure that the continuing Euro–Arab dialogue would not undermine US diplomacy in the Middle East.27 Although Wilson had signalled an intention to re

in A strained partnership?

be my Motto. (Captain Roberts, cited in Johnson [1724] 1999: 244) Piracy is here concerned with a utopian form of unrestricted liberty and freedom of action which stood in stark contrast to the prevailing conditions of the middle and lower classes at the time and in the present. As Angus Konstam points out ‘pirates are a recognizable and emotive image that represents a freedom of action that is denied to most law-abiding modern citizens’ (Konstam 1999:  188). Others add to this by telling the story of pirates as a romantic struggle against the odds in which

in Romantic narratives in international politics

, it ‘constantly mixes up the past, the present and the future’.15 This body of ‘law’ had been a useful thing in the past – indeed, ‘The law of nature supplied the crutches with whose help history has taught mankind’ to walk out of the Middle Ages and into the modern world. But natural law was dead; positive law was now the order of the day.16 As Oppenheim’s predecessors had discovered, this position was, strictly speaking, untenable. When confronting the question of why treaties are legally binding, Oppenheim argued that this was so because there existed a customary

in British liberal internationalism, 1880–1930

‘international law is not law’, but it also offered intellectual reassurance, scientific respectability and, because it was premised on a set of broadly liberal internationalist values, a crucial sense of direction. International legal thinking in this period was neither uniform nor unequivocal. In fact, the constant shift between fact and judgement has led one scholar to argue that it is ‘pointless to class these writers … as “positivists” or “naturalists”’.43 While there is much truth to be found in this warning, it is not, perhaps, entirely convincing. Firstly, how the

in British liberal internationalism, 1880–1930

exceeds our customers’ expectations’138 because they truly care about and understand their clients’ needs. They offer an ‘exceptional customer service’139 and emphasize flexibility and cost-efficiency as key assets: ‘Our daily preoccupation is providing the most cost-effective, responsive and personalized possible customer care.’140 Moreover, they stress that they ‘provide the best value products and services’141 and ‘develop innovative solutions and provide customer value’.142 For that purpose, PMSCs claim to rely on ‘world-class professionals led by some of the

in Romantic narratives in international politics

that we narrate to ourselves’ (Brooks 1984: 3). In fact, one may argue that we are currently in the middle of a narrative, in our case a narrative about the importance of narrative. As Roland Barthes has pointed out: Among the vehicles of narrative are articulated language, whether oral or written, pictures, still or moving, gestures, and an ordered mixture of all those substances; narrative is present in myth, legend, fable, tale, short stories, epics, history, tragedy, drame [suspense drama], comedy, pantomime, painting … stained-glass windows, movies, local news

in Romantic narratives in international politics