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Thinking about America in the world over the longer run

to his conviction that the English-​ speaking peoples constituted a single race, which was a critical category in his political thinking. However, Carnegie never specified in detail the form of polity he proposed. Moreover, always happy to be identified as a ‘dreamer’, he was no ordinary follower of fashion. He viewed migration positively, opposed the Spanish–​American War and wished to see Canada incorporated into the United States. Equally and perhaps more predictably for an industrialist, he placed great importance on the new technologies that were effectively

in American foreign policy
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(Lyon, 2009:30–8). In fact, the Jewish–Palestinian division is foundational to Zionism. Racialized boundaries are engrained in the idea of establishing a homeland for European Jews through migration and political and military domination of a country overwhelmingly populated by indigenous Arabs. While the history and implications of the struggle over Palestine have been the subject of much scholarly research, this chapter attends to the particular way in which the separation between Jews and Palestinians was reinforced during the first two decades of the establishment

in Thorough surveillance
Andrew Williams

86 Failed imagination? quasi-federal union of Canada and the United States, with a common monetary policy, moderately controlled migration policies and nearly free trade) the importance of democracy and the ‘rule of law’. Dulles claimed that what had made America great was its ability to give ‘opportunity to those who are ambitious and energetic, and we do so largely at the expense of those who have lost such qualities’, those he deemed ‘the status quo’, which clearly included the British. For Dulles, what had to be created was an alternative to war as an

in Failed imagination?

-level education to the people and avoiding migration to the cities. In March 2007, for example, I visited a shopping centre transformed into one of these ‘villages’ in a town in Miranda State. In total according to the government forty-five of these ‘villages’ were inaugurated by January 2007. 111 The government also sought to increase university access for poorer sectors. Enrolment in third-level education increased from 668,109 in 1999 to 1,074,350 by 2006. 112 The government also launched the Bolivarian University to tackle the fall in the

in Hugo Chávez and the Bolivarian revolution

and identity has not remained static over the centuries; on the contrary, it has evolved. Invasions, migration, trade and colonization have all left their mark, and also resulted in cultural syncretism that make it possible for us to speak of global India, not just simply in terms of the most recent phase of globalization but also in terms of the historical processes that cannot and should not be restricted to the policies and institutions of the Indian state post 1947. The existence of mass poverty does not mean that India is and has always been ‘backward’, but

in India in a globalized world

). A retired army officer, J. R. Mukherjee (2005), also argues that inward migration, lack of development and neglect have caused unrest in Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura. New Delhi must deal with these issues. He admits, however, that the Mizo Accord of the late 1980s that led to insurgents coming overground and forming the government has brought peace to the Mizo Hills. The eleventh Lok Sabha: a microcosm of the nation? The results of the 1996 general elections reflected the trend towards pluralism and away from single-party dominance. After four decades of

in India in a globalized world
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join the democratic camp in 1991. Differentiation according to rank can be complemented by differentiation according to role. So, for example, what are the commonalities of mindset shared by such siloviki as Viktor Kazantsev, Andrei Chernenko, and Vladimir Putin? • • • Kazantsev was appointed presidential representative in the Southern federal district in 2000, having within the previous year commanded the Russian forces in the field during the second Chechen war. Colonel-General Andrei Chernenko was appointed the head of the Federal Migration Service under the

in Securitising Russia

generated the European pattern of internal revolutions, ‘doctrinal-­isms, ranging from legitimism and absolutism to socialism and communism, via nationalism, ultramontanism and liberalism’, brought major disasters such as two world wars, Fascism, the Holocaust, Stalinism.62 (2) The new worlds: represented primarily, but not exclusively, by the Americas, South as well as North. In this group, while modernity was ‘created by early modern conquest and mass migration, the theoretical and practical struggle for modernity was largely external, against colonial Europe and by

in Turkey facing east

becomes a source of pride rather than a stigma because Peña notes: ‘The much of the population was mestizo’.7 Gómez-​ millions of indios, the original proto-​Mexicans, were portrayed as living in a parallel (and mythical) time and space outside our history and society’ (Ethno-​Techno p. 7). Banks argues this was an effective strategy in consolidating Mexico’s identity: ‘Mexico’s policy of ennobling its indigenous population while simultaneously encouraging European migration is not inconsistent with the creation of a single national identity.’8 Across the US

in Crossing borders and queering citizenship

, Geneva Convention III. 190 Article 51, Geneva Convention IV. 191 Article 5(1)(e), AP II. 192 Article 4(2)(f), AP II. 193 Article 1, 1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade, and Institutions and Practices similar to Slavery. 194 R. Coomaraswamy, Special Rapporteur, ‘Report on trafficking in women, women’s migration and violence against women in accordance with Commission on Human Rights Resolution 1997/44’, Commission on Human Rights, UN Doc. E/CN.4/2000/68, 29 February 2000, paras 18–19, and S. Toepfer and B. Wells, ‘The

in War crimes and crimes against humanity in the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court