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Television and the politics of British humanitarianism

such an analysis, focusing on how television coverage of major disasters in the global South shaped the historical and political trajectory of humanitarian aid in Britain. The chapter does so through a case study of British television coverage of a deadly famine in Ethiopia in 1973, which despite causing a huge number of fatalities had gone unreported in the Western media. The famine was suddenly

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

pleasure. It ‘highlights the fantasmatic dimension of cultural practices, social institutions, political norms’. 3 For this reason, Elliott is correct in his contention that one must consider the place of the psyche in our understanding of human subjectivity if one is to bring about social and political transformation. For Elliott, the social world will never be the same again

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Kosovo prior to 1999

conflict and instead focuses on the political and social construction of ethnic tension. The second section identifies a number of key processes and actors which contributed to the marginalisation of Kosovo between 1989–98 and thus to the development of violent conflict. 4 These processes include: the European Community Conference on Yugoslavia in 1991 ; the Badinter Arbitration Commission set

in Justifying violence
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UK Africa policy in the twenty-first century: business as usual?

, complex and contradictory history, which encompasses social, cultural, economic, political and linguistic linkages. These comprise not only relationships between governments and leaders but also between political parties, advocacy coalitions, civil society organisations and populations themselves. ‘Africa’ – whether as a romanticised site of exoticism and adventure, a brutal, and brutalising, ‘heart of darkness’ (Conrad, 1899; 2007 ), or a place of moral imperatives and charitable impulses – has long existed as an idea in the minds of the British people and their

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
The external image of Germany’s foreign policy

international order in Europe and the US. The catastrophic consequences of Nazism, the Second World War and the Holocaust led to a fundamental recasting of Germany’s identity in the world. (West) Germany adopted a different approach to foreign policy, underpinned by democratic values as well as new foreign policy practices, such as multilateralism, European integration and military restraint. The resulting strategic culture of the country’s foreign policy role is built around three central tenets: ‘never again’, ‘never alone’ and ‘politics before force’. 2 According to this

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Insurgents’ use of terrorism at the initial stages of conflict

-scale armed fighting, or insurgency in the sense often associated with the term. We begin by identifying and offering a discussion of the terrorist campaigns that represented a “dead end.” Terrorism as a “dead end” Terrorism is not always an indicator of wider-scale warfare to come. We explore two categories of cases in which terrorism does not lead to insurgency. The first category includes those cases in which terrorists are just T E R R O R I S M A S A L E A D I N G ­I N D I C A T O R 101 terrorists. They are not seeking the type of political change or the level

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare

violence. This development presents an enormous political and socio-economic challenge for many African countries and organizations, which are already overburdened trying to cope with a whole host of new and diverse security threats besides terrorism. Moreover, this lack of state and institutional capacity is at times further overshadowed by an African wariness and lack of political will over what some see as an imported problem. Their fear is that the continent is once again becoming a battlefield for an ideological clash of civilizations not of Africa’s own making

in African security in the twenty-first century
A view from below

2 Patterns and practices of everyday resistance: a view from below T What is everyday resistance? he informalities, ambiguities and contradictions that peacebuilding runs into reflect the political nature of the process. These become visible when examined from the everyday practices of the actors involved. In IR the everyday has become synonymous with the makings of actual subjects in their most quotidian roles (Autesserre 2014; Hobson and Seabrooke 2007; Mitchell 2011b; Neumann 2002). This is not so much a new field of study, as it represents a common call

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Obama, Trump and the Asia Pacific political economy

international order informed by US values and interests. 3 The Trump administration is the first in the post-war era to question explicitly the desirability of America’s hegemonic aspiration and the durability of its hegemonic role. Its “America First” rhetoric and objectives signal a preference to depart from order maintenance in favour of the more transactional politics of the balance of power. Its National Security Strategy (NSS) of 2017 explicitly casts China and Russia as competitors, rather than as potential partners in the US hegemonic project. Strategic

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific

eventually the asylum seekers were transferred to the tiny Pacific Island nation of Nauru. This was the first of several government actions to dramatize the problem of what they called illegal immigrants, and to successfully neutralize what had become a running political sore for it. Two weeks later the terrible events of September 11 made security concerns far more urgent than they had been at least since the end of

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq