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environmental degradation and the outbreak of violent civil or interstate conflict’.2 This proposition reflects current research suggesting that globally fresh water is the renewable resource most likely to be a source of conflict in the near future.3 Historically water provided a cultural, economic and geographical focus for Central Asia. The khanates’ political culture, including deferential collectivism, was associated with water scarcity and the organisational requirements of the construction and maintenance of irrigation systems.4 Irrigation was ‘one of the principle

in Limiting institutions?
Policy rethinking in opposition

that not only did David Cameron feel compelled to back Labour’s pledges on aid spending but his first Secretary of State for International Development, Andrew Mitchell, claimed that international development policy had moved beyond party politics (Glennie, 2012 ). Labour’s policy effort in government was not without its problems and tensions, and has been the subject of a substantial literature. 1 However, in opposition, and in a markedly different domestic and international climate, Labour had to rethink its approach. How Labour’s policy

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
The role(s) of the military in Southeast Asia

foreign policy elites ( Kerr et al ., 2003 ; Thomas and Tow, 2002a ; Tow et al ., 2000 ). The importation of human security concerns to Southeast Asia has thus been conducted in such a way as to reduce its impact on security politics by replacing its primary concern with individual insecurity 1 with the concerns and interests of elites. Similarly, the importation of ‘constructivism’ into

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
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Andrew Williams

-referential, in the process drawing on an ever smaller number of (usually American) gurus who have little regard for the longer-term currents of world history, even within their own culture. Yet the older traditions of international relations’ political and intellectual history are far too precious to be left to moulder away on the shelves of libraries. If this book has one good effect it will be to take the strain off borrowings of international relations theorists of the 1970s and 1980s and to put it back on to, especially, those writing between the 1920s and the 1940s. But

in Failed imagination?
Twentieth-century Germany in the debates of Anglo-American international lawyers and transitional justice experts

twentieth century. Though being deeply complicit in the racist ideologies and practices of European imperialism, its followers also promoted a ‘progressive’ or ‘scientific’ understanding of law as opposed to politics, and the idea of a ‘global humanity’ with common moral standards, shared by a transnational community of experts and enlightened citizens. Due to the various ‘cultural turns’ in law and political sciences, critical assessment of international law’s ideological roots and baggage has become the state of the art in legal historiography. Thanks to the studies

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
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the general public – that particular policy areas are legitimate security concerns and therefore require special attention, oversight, and control. Beginning with the religion law of 1997, and progressing through laws on social organisations, political parties, extremists, migration, foreigners, the media, and political demonstrations, the Russian state has tightened up its control of civil society in recent years. In most of these cases there are sufficient regulations for the state to move with a clear legal basis against groups or individuals which might be

in Securitising Russia
Abstract only

Introduction The preceding analysis demonstrates that the dynamics of the conflict in Northern Ireland are more than simply a matter of two ethnic groups suffering from constitutional and political insecurity that causes them to clash over their different national aspirations, McGarry and O’Leary’s view, or a struggle for national freedom, the republican view, or

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Projecting force into an uncertain world

In the immediate post-war period, Western European security was contingent upon the successful recovery of the European economy and institutionalised political cooperation to meet the common Soviet threat. In response to American prodding and national calculations of selfinterest, the continental Western Europeans undertook the first step toward guaranteeing economic prosperity

in EU security governance
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MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/19/2013, SPi Concluding remarks Reflections on Israeli policies Israeli policies of population management, surveillance and political control described in this book had not been entirely known before. Scholars who previously wrote on state–minority relations were largely guessing in the dark; thus, their assumptions and biases might have found their ways to the models or narratives they composed. Two widely held theses in Israeli social sciences were disproved in the current study: the absence of a clear state policy towards the

in Thorough surveillance

early impetus to galvanise PfP with congressionally appropriated funding, titled the Warsaw Initiative. By working closely on multilateral policy recommendations at NATO headquarters and throughout the NATO military command structure, the USallied strategy stemmed from the belief that through multilateral leadership Eurasian security could be enhanced. Even with this political dynamism, American civil-military planners knew instinctively that the military held the quickest, most pragmatic capabilities to reinforce the early, nascent and fragile PfP process in every

in Limiting institutions?