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Television and the politics of British humanitarianism
Andrew Jones

such an analysis, focusing on how television coverage of major disasters in the global South shaped the historical and political trajectory of humanitarian aid in Britain. The chapter does so through a case study of British television coverage of a deadly famine in Ethiopia in 1973, which despite causing a huge number of fatalities had gone unreported in the Western media. The famine was suddenly

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Adrian Millar

pleasure. It ‘highlights the fantasmatic dimension of cultural practices, social institutions, political norms’. 3 For this reason, Elliott is correct in his contention that one must consider the place of the psyche in our understanding of human subjectivity if one is to bring about social and political transformation. For Elliott, the social world will never be the same again

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Kosovo prior to 1999
Naomi Head

conflict and instead focuses on the political and social construction of ethnic tension. The second section identifies a number of key processes and actors which contributed to the marginalisation of Kosovo between 1989–98 and thus to the development of violent conflict. 4 These processes include: the European Community Conference on Yugoslavia in 1991 ; the Badinter Arbitration Commission set

in Justifying violence
Abstract only
UK Africa policy in the twenty-first century: business as usual?
Danielle Beswick, Jonathan Fisher and Stephen R. Hurt

, complex and contradictory history, which encompasses social, cultural, economic, political and linguistic linkages. These comprise not only relationships between governments and leaders but also between political parties, advocacy coalitions, civil society organisations and populations themselves. ‘Africa’ – whether as a romanticised site of exoticism and adventure, a brutal, and brutalising, ‘heart of darkness’ (Conrad, 1899; 2007 ), or a place of moral imperatives and charitable impulses – has long existed as an idea in the minds of the British people and their

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
The external image of Germany’s foreign policy
Siegfried Schieder

international order in Europe and the US. The catastrophic consequences of Nazism, the Second World War and the Holocaust led to a fundamental recasting of Germany’s identity in the world. (West) Germany adopted a different approach to foreign policy, underpinned by democratic values as well as new foreign policy practices, such as multilateralism, European integration and military restraint. The resulting strategic culture of the country’s foreign policy role is built around three central tenets: ‘never again’, ‘never alone’ and ‘politics before force’. 2 According to this

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Lesley Pruitt and Erica Rose Jeffrey

and mirroring in particular can also have their challenges or limits, which we also explore. This chapter makes a few key points: (a) nonviolent engagement with, and expression of, emotions are vital to peacebuilding; (b) empathy can play an important role in emotional peacebuilding; and finally, (c) dance and creative movement activities, such as the use of mirroring, when done reflectively, can be valuable practices for developing empathy and supporting peacebuilding. Emotions, dance and the politics of building peace

in Dancing through the dissonance
Insurgents’ use of terrorism at the initial stages of conflict
Susanne Martin and Leonard Weinberg

-scale armed fighting, or insurgency in the sense often associated with the term. We begin by identifying and offering a discussion of the terrorist campaigns that represented a “dead end.” Terrorism as a “dead end” Terrorism is not always an indicator of wider-scale warfare to come. We explore two categories of cases in which terrorism does not lead to insurgency. The first category includes those cases in which terrorists are just T E R R O R I S M A S A L E A D I N G ­I N D I C A T O R 101 terrorists. They are not seeking the type of political change or the level

in The role of terrorism in twenty-first-century warfare
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

violence. This development presents an enormous political and socio-economic challenge for many African countries and organizations, which are already overburdened trying to cope with a whole host of new and diverse security threats besides terrorism. Moreover, this lack of state and institutional capacity is at times further overshadowed by an African wariness and lack of political will over what some see as an imported problem. Their fear is that the continent is once again becoming a battlefield for an ideological clash of civilizations not of Africa’s own making

in African security in the twenty-first century
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

-based and dictatorially mass-mobilizing kind. From the ruins of Tsarist Russia emerged a communist empire; from the wreck of Germany emerged a new Reich based on racist doctrines of National Socialism. Both empires rose to Great-Power status. Both were anti-liberal powers who perceived international relations in terms of struggle. Their ambitions and rivalries deeply affected the international scene. 1 The stock-market crash in October 1929 was a turning point. It triggered a steep economic downturn which initiated a decade of economic crisis, political

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Systems and structures in an age of upheaval
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

was replaced by the young, charismatic John F. Kennedy. His presidency symbolized the advent of a new generation with new political ideals. The USA was deeply shaken when Kennedy was assassinated in Texas in October 1963 and replaced by the Texan Senator Lyndon B. Johnson (1963–69). In the USSR, the Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev was toppled in a palace coup in 1964 and replaced by Leonid Brezhnev. One of the most significant issues that marked international relations during these years was that of decolonization. Nations in Asia and Africa demanded self

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)