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A framework for analysis

security sector itself, understood to be those organisations that apply and manage coercive force for collective purposes . It then proposes three levels of analysis for understanding the dynamics of the security sector reform process: the political level; the organisational level; and the international level. These levels of analysis each focus on a key aspect of security

in Security sector reform in transforming societies
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multidimensional international actor making use of a comprehensive range of economic, political and military instruments in order to promote its values and objectives (European Council, 2003b ). Despite the fact that more than two decades have lapsed since the beginning of the war in Bosnia, in 2012 the political situation in the country remains fragile and the EU’s engagement is more needed than ever. Should

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia
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Virtuousness, virtuality and virtuosity in NATO’s representation of the Kosovo campaign

. Jean Baudrillard’s diagnosis of the Gulf War also applies to this latest expression of organised violence in contemporary politics. 2 This is not to deny that death and destruction defined the reality in Kosovo and Serbia in the first half of 1999. After all, NATO planes delivered large amounts of ordnance upon targets in this area, destroying both military and civilian infrastructure; killing civilians as well as soldiers. And

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
Active internationalism and ‘credible neutrality’

Ideas are not only for active politicians. If they are to have the ability to penetrate, in practical politics, they must be anchored in the population. (Olof Palme, 1968, cited in Stern, 1991: 77) AFTER THE Second World War, the SAP began its long period in

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality

For those fortunate to live in a prosperous democratic state in the first decade of the 2000s, the politics of inclusion seems a natural state of affairs. It is indeed one of the most powerful legitimating claims of democratic political life. The ability to deliver welfare, prosperity and security to all citizens is the premise of successful electoral politics. Similarly, at

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
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theoretical framework from which the region’s conflict transformation process, facilitated by the three tools, was assessed. An overview of the conflict and its effects on social and economic development on both sides of the border argued that, despite the ceasefires and political agreement, deep structural violence remains. Operational details of the three programmes were

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development

While republicans in Long Kesh discussed and analysed (and loyalist paramilitaries did body building) unionist politicians waited to return to Stormont. Lacking the educational advantages of the prison cell, they were not ready for the new world of government in which political power came in a

in Abandoning historical conflict?
Kosovo and the Balkanisation–integration nexus

to read security is through the state, and in this way ‘security’ both writes and rights the state in its claim to sovereign authority for disciplining space and people. In this discursive context, ‘security’ therefore follows the old script of political realism that defines the security problematique as the field and the operations that touch upon the survival of

in Mapping European security after Kosovo
The impact of the ‘Orange Revolution’ on EU–Ukraine relations

sides remained high. An exceptionally large number of high-ranking EU political visits throughout the year testified to Brussels’s willingness to move towards an enhanced level of co-operation. In the wider academic debate on the emergence and consolidation of the EU as a foreign policy actor, relations with Ukraine represent an interesting case study. They provide the

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement

. It will focus especially on two phases of policy activity, a frenetic phase between September 11 and October 3 2001 and the period since then in which only minor revisions have occurred. The study will use models of historical institutionalism, threat evaluation and governmental politics decision-making as conceptual tools. Empirically, particular attention is paid to the ‘frontline agencies’ of the Irish

in Re-evaluating Irish national security policy