Search results

Abstract only
Toward what future?
Josef W. Konvitz

large projects, are also favored by a proven record which may be a precondition for tendering. The business of house-building has more in common with nineteenthcentury commercial practices, including debt financing and estate development, than other twentieth-century industries. Fragmentation has deterred research into new construction methods or materials; the postwar pursuit of mass production and large-scale site assembly, which reconstruction and mass migration made imperative, has reverted to earlier forms of housing supply. Innovation at the technical level to

in Cities and crisis
Tony Kushner

‘central to the British sense of fair play and it is also better for everyone. Huge resentment is caused when people push in.’156 Woolas’s intervention was supported by those who needed an excuse to complain that because of recent mass migration, Britain was full and that the newcomers were putting unfair pressure on essential public services such as schools and hospitals by queue-jumping.157 There was also criticism of this argument: migrants were contributing far more than they were taking from Britain which, as young and active people, was far less than the population

in The battle of Britishness
Racism and alternative journeys into Britishness
Tony Kushner

stories of pioneer Sylhetti settlers in Britain’. As Adams summarised, their migrant journeys were complex: ‘For some, there would be sudden death by torpedo; for others, a few voyages and a 190 Stowaways and others return to the village, some would spend a lifetime at sea, and others were to be the Londonis, the pioneers of a mass migration.’33 Amongst those interviewed by Adams as one of the early Londonis was Syed Rasul who graphically described his first alienating experiences on board a Merchant Navy vessel: They took me down, inside the ship, such a strange

in The battle of Britishness
An overview
Verene A. Shepherd

much of the wealth that is produced will always be expatriated. A culture of ‘brain drain’ – in which educated locals are motivated or compelled to seek employment abroad and ultimately to acquire permanent status in other countries – is another repercussion of this economic system. This further cripples the economy and creates a vicious circle in which it is impossible for a society to thrive. Jamaica has long suffered this problem; the genesis of mass migration began with the construction of the Panama Canal. With the most productive and innovative sectors of the

in Emancipation and the remaking of the British imperial world
John Chircop

,799 miles respectively.17 This continued to raise the volume of shipping and intensify the magnitude of human movement in all its forms:18 from mass migration, particularly from southern Europe to the Maghreb and the Levant, to the rapid deployment of colonial troops to all corners of the region, to the numbers of Muslim pilgrims – markedly from British India – on their journey to Mecca.19 The increased speed of transport not only intensified human mobility and physical contact, it also accelerated the recurrence and transmission of contagious diseases within the region

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
Graham Harrison

point for another orthodoxy of Africa representation – the disaster appeal.18 It is interesting to note that the disaster journalism that emerged from Biafra in 1968 and 1969 was pivotally a result of the Biafran government organising a public relations operation through a (what is now called) public relations company called Mark Press.19 Mark Press issued over 250 press releases to Western newspapers advocating the Biafran cause (Time Magazine, 1968). In the later stages of the war – after the federal army had reoccupied key cities – mass migrations generated the

in The African presence
Making the journey abroad
Emma Robinson-Tomsett

(Oxford and New York, 2010), p. 2. 3 T.J. Hatton and J.G. Williamson’s exhaustive study of migration from 1850 to 1914, for instance, has just five pages that briefly discuss female emigrants, but solely as part of an investigation of Irish emigration (T.J. Hatton and J.G. Williamson, The Age of Mass Migration: Causes and Economic Impact (Oxford and New York, 1998) pp. 83  –7). 4 C. Erickson, Leaving England: Essays on British Emigration in the Nineteenth Century (London, 1994), p. 241. j 37 J women, travel and identity 5 L. Chilton, Agents of Empire: British

in Women, travel and identity
Abstract only
The Scottish diaspora since 1707
Tanja Bueltmann and Graeme Morton

of the home population.62 They certainly were ‘an old people finding a new role on the world stage’.63 Prior to the age of mass migration, and despite the fact that the Act of Union removed restrictions on trade and settlement to allow the development of a genuinely British empire, overseas movements of Scots remained fitful. In the immediate half-century after the Union, only about 30,000 Scots arrived in North America.64 Land was a critical pull factor, which made planned settlements an attractive option.65 It was also of interest to new colonial governments

in British and Irish diasporas
Abstract only
Donald M. MacRaild and Philip Payton

7 The Welsh diaspora Donald M. MacRaild and Philip Payton Introduction The Welsh diaspora was a miniature version of the wider European mass migration, but it has received much less attention from historians of the British Empire than it should have.1 A small country whose emigrant population was dwarfed by that of the Irish, English, German or Scots, the Welsh nevertheless produced significant population outflows conditioned by industrial modernisation and improved communications and transport. Moreover, the Welsh also colonised certain places with particular

in British and Irish diasporas
Tim Rowse

training; to allow individuals to shift their land entitlements from one tribe to another; and to include fishing among activities banned on the Sabbath.34 The petitioners also wanted to know their rights to hunt. Thus these documents illustrate a moment of renegotiation, by Jones and his colleagues, of the political terms of certain Indians’ co-​existence with their colonial masters. Before mass migration, the ‘silver chain’ of British-​Indian friendship had made Indians allies, not subjects, of the Crown.35 Then settlement on a massive scale made Indians the Crown

in Colonial exchanges