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  • Manchester Security, Conflict & Peace x
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Michael Mulqueen

. It will focus especially on two phases of policy activity, a frenetic phase between September 11 and October 3 2001 and the period since then in which only minor revisions have occurred. The study will use models of historical institutionalism, threat evaluation and governmental politics decision-making as conceptual tools. Empirically, particular attention is paid to the ‘frontline agencies’ of the Irish

in Re-evaluating Irish national security policy

This book sets out to help unlock an intriguing interdisciplinary puzzle relating to violence: ‘what is the relationship between the instrumental uses of violence, including its main forms, and the willingness of states to employ it?’ In providing a counterweight to the notion that political violence has irrevocably changed in a globalised world, Violence and the State provides an original and innovative way to understand political violence across a range of discipline areas.

Ana E. Juncos

, change has usually taken the form of minimal adjustments which have not altered the fundamentals of the CFSP institutional setting, rather than being innovative or a major alteration of existing structures (March, 1991 ). On the few occasions that innovative change has occurred, it has been the result of critical junctures, as we shall see below. This chapter will also shed light on how political conflict (that

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia
Democratisation, nationalism and security in former Yugoslavia
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

the political settlements in Bosnia, Kosovo and, to a lesser extent, Macedonia. It is worth considering the prospects for the long-term success of the Alliance’s objectives of underwriting military security in the region while at the same time upholding the norms aimed at developing democratic states with multicultural identities that lay at the heart of these settlements. This chapter will examine the international attempts

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Robin Wilson

some have the function of intellectuals all embrace a mélange of by no means coherent ideas which have sedimented themselves as ‘common sense’, encompassing ‘Stone Age elements and principles of a more advanced science’ ( ibid: 324). One of the reasons why the rich repertoire of political categories developed by Gramsci is deployed here is that they derive from a non-essentialist perspective on

in The Northern Ireland experience of conflict and agreement
Managing the great power relations trilemma
Graeme P. Herd

Spring all provide an immediate strategic context within which states will need to adapt or fail. Gideon Rachman of the Financial Times concludes: ‘If neither the United States nor some form of world government can provide the leadership to tackle the world’s common political problems, then a third alternative will emerge, with China and Russia spearheading an “axis of authoritarianism” ’. 3

in Violence and the state
David Bolton

assistance in other contexts of violence and tragedy. The problem of mental health at the peace talks In mental health terms, perhaps the most immediate and significant contribution that politics can make is to bring violence to an end. The ending of violence, which in Northern Ireland has been a process stretched out over many years and not one specific event, reduces or brings to an

in Conflict, peace and mental health
Conflict with minorities
Terry Narramore

Introduction The path to statehood for the People’s Republic of China (PRC) surely stands as one of the most violent and traumatic in modern history. The political arithmetic of lives lost through imperial conquests, interstate and civil wars, revolution, violent ‘struggle sessions’ ( pidou ) and horrific famine recalls the kind of grim, impersonal

in Violence and the state
Robin Wilson

‘parallel consent’ test of ‘cross-community support’. In Horowitz’s (2002b) analysis of long-running conflicts, like Northern Ireland and Cyprus – where consociationalist arrangements have also been consistently, though entirely unsuccessfully, essayed – he notes how political inertia arises from the tendency of the international community to define a settlement in terms of the ‘crumbs’ left on the

in The Northern Ireland experience of conflict and agreement
Timothy Edmunds

security sector reform which has helped to push the issue up the civilian political agenda. Finally, while the use of direct conditionality to explicitly encourage security sector reform has been limited, it has played an important indirect role in relation to Croatia’s relationship with the ICTY. In this respect it has been able to influence specific pressure points identified by

in Security sector reform in transforming societies