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Clear All
Kofi Annan

of political will may doom to failure; an uncomfortable and imperfect lesson from an uncomfortable and imperfect international system. No external party, he cautioned, can become engaged in conflict resolution or peacebuilding while physical conflict rages all around it and whilst its employees are under severe personal threat, and those missions that organisations, like the UN, do commit to must have clear and achievable aims and a vision of how an end-state will be decided, if not a clear vision of that end-state itself. External parties to any conflict must

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

the AU and its officials, its predecessor the OAU, as well as in foreign policy pronouncements of its member states, particularly expressions of collective identity, solidarity and what counts as appropriate and legitimate conduct.7 198 African security in the twenty-first century From the OAU … The establishment of the OAU was a crucial moment in the process of norm socialization in Africa.8 The OAU was established in 1963 out of what Colin Legum described as “historic necessity and a welter of conflicting political ideas and interests.”9 Haile Selassie noted at

in African security in the twenty-first century
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

many localized threats in Africa to morph into larger regional or even global security threats. Clearly, the lack of African government resources, capabilities, political will, and overburdened security agendas are a huge obstacle to progress and admittedly Africans should and must do more. Nonetheless, the harsh reality is that they cannot do it alone. Nor should they have to because, as we have seen, Africa’s twenty-first-century challenges are the world’s challenges too. Not only should the international community move more proactively to assist Africans to fill

in African security in the twenty-first century
Andrew Williams

doubt that the world would be very different after the war and that this would have great implications for Imperial policy, strategically and tactically. In the first place, the defeat of Germany and the ‘disappearance’ of Russia and Austria left ‘only three first-class Powers in the arena of world politics – the British Empire, France and the United States of America’. The balance of power must therefore be re-thought in the light of this new reality. For Britain Smuts considered that this meant siding with America, not France. France had been ‘a bad neighbour to us

in Failed imagination?
Danielle Beswick, Niheer Dasandi, David Hudson and Jennifer vanHeerde-Hudson

these depictions, separating the images from wider context and locating them outside of, or perhaps above, politics. This is by no means only found in NGO campaigning. Gallagher ( 2011 ) and Taylor ( 2012 ), among others, documented the portrayal of Africa under the Labour Governments of Blair (1997–2007) and Brown (2007–10) in a similar light. Africa was depicted as an arena empty of politics and agendas, full of suffering, and a place where the UK could unambiguously ‘do good’. There are a number of unintended consequences resulting from

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Memory and identity in Cold War America
Brian Etheridge

interrelated levels: the level of the text itself (and its intertextuality – that is, its interactions with other published texts); the level of the politics behind the production or publication of the text (and what counter-texts may have been suppressed); and the level of the reception of the text (which may affirm authorial intent, as derived by either archival evidence of the producer or close textual reading of the piece, or may oppose it, or may do a myriad of things). In taking this multi-tiered approach, I developed a concept called memory diplomacy. Following the

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Sources of anti-Americanism
Mitchell B. Reiss

11 Between facts and fantasies: sources of anti-Americanism Ambassador Mitchell B. Reiss Introduction When Ambassador Mitchell B. Reiss addressed the subject of ‘Between facts and fantasies: sources of anti-Americanism’ on 21 May 2006, he approached this highly topical, and controversial, issue from the distinctive perspective of having combined personal experience of diplomacy and peacemaking with a rigorous academic background and training. It is a distinctive feature of American political life that talented individuals can combine careers in the academy with

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
John F. Kerry

set in hand an imaginative realignment in Israeli politics, and the success of Hamas in the Palestinian elections held at the end of January, had made the path to peace no easier. On what he identified as the other major threat to human security, the spread of weapons of mass destruction, he called for America’s long-delayed ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1996 to be concluded. This, he argued, would send out the right signal about the country’s commitment to non-proliferation. His most immediate concern was clearly the Iranian nuclear

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Abstract only
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz and Julian Cooper

to explain the Yukos affair has been the alleged involvement of Khodorkovskii in funding opposition political Bacon 07 3/2/06 10:31 AM Page 165 The economy parties, in particular SPS and Yabloko.57 It has been suggested that this political involvement constituted an infringement of an informal agreement reached, it is claimed, between Putin and the leading ‘oligarchs’ when he first came to power, an agreement to the effect that they would be left free to engage in business provided that they kept out of politics. While it is plausible that some in

in Securitising Russia
Andrew Whiting

” on drugs and terror’. Has security dialogue been hijacked by ‘hype and political expediency’ and has […] the constant exposure to the fantasy and science fiction novels fed into the security industry’s hero complex wherein we become the fantastical knights in shining armour (or long leather coat, depending on your milieu), deploying our Low Orbit Ion Cannons against the evil (but faceless) phantoms of the global military industrial complex? ( ESET Global Threat Report, 2012 ) Lee’s comments imply at least a deeper critique of this particular framing

in Constructing cybersecurity