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Abstract only
Edwin Bacon, Bettina Renz and Julian Cooper

the general public – that particular policy areas are legitimate security concerns and therefore require special attention, oversight, and control. Beginning with the religion law of 1997, and progressing through laws on social organisations, political parties, extremists, migration, foreigners, the media, and political demonstrations, the Russian state has tightened up its control of civil society in recent years. In most of these cases there are sufficient regulations for the state to move with a clear legal basis against groups or individuals which might be

in Securitising Russia
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Adrian Millar

Introduction The preceding analysis demonstrates that the dynamics of the conflict in Northern Ireland are more than simply a matter of two ethnic groups suffering from constitutional and political insecurity that causes them to clash over their different national aspirations, McGarry and O’Leary’s view, or a struggle for national freedom, the republican view, or

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

Molotov Plan, with its own economic organization, the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA or Comecon). By the late 1940s, the USA had consolidated itself as the leading power in a Western Bloc – a system of sovereign states which were capitalist in their economies and liberal democratic in their political orientations. The USSR had consolidated itself as the leading power in the Eastern Bloc – a system of states which were tightly controlled by ruling communist parties. Stalin created the Communist Information Bureau (Cominform) in 1947 in order to

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Projecting force into an uncertain world
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

In the immediate post-war period, Western European security was contingent upon the successful recovery of the European economy and institutionalised political cooperation to meet the common Soviet threat. In response to American prodding and national calculations of selfinterest, the continental Western Europeans undertook the first step toward guaranteeing economic prosperity

in EU security governance
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Ahmad H. Sa’di

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 08/19/2013, SPi Concluding remarks Reflections on Israeli policies Israeli policies of population management, surveillance and political control described in this book had not been entirely known before. Scholars who previously wrote on state–minority relations were largely guessing in the dark; thus, their assumptions and biases might have found their ways to the models or narratives they composed. Two widely held theses in Israeli social sciences were disproved in the current study: the absence of a clear state policy towards the

in Thorough surveillance
Joshua B. Spero

early impetus to galvanise PfP with congressionally appropriated funding, titled the Warsaw Initiative. By working closely on multilateral policy recommendations at NATO headquarters and throughout the NATO military command structure, the USallied strategy stemmed from the belief that through multilateral leadership Eurasian security could be enhanced. Even with this political dynamism, American civil-military planners knew instinctively that the military held the quickest, most pragmatic capabilities to reinforce the early, nascent and fragile PfP process in every

in Limiting institutions?
James P. Pfiffner

) was non-deliberative, sequential, and informal. The administration neglected to plan for an occupation of the country, the creation of a new Iraqi government, or the political implications of a power vacuum after Saddam Hussein had been deposed. 1 In addition, President Bush did not heed the advice of many in the professional officer corps about the wisdom of invading Iraq, the number of troops necessary, or

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
Ronit Lentin

despite the common belief that the success or failure of any political struggle ‘hangs on the effort to keep the memory alive’, memory is a mixed blessing. The past, Bauman argues, is a bagful of events and memory always selects and interprets, and the resurrection of the past, keeping the past alive, can only be attained through the active choosing, reprocessing and recycling work of memory. ‘To remember is to interpret the past; more correctly, to tell a story is meant to stand for the course of past events’ (Bauman 2004a: 28, original emphasis). Bauman calls the

in Co-memory and melancholia
Lesley Pruitt and Erica Rose Jeffrey

leadership, or at least to intergenerational justice, historically, when it comes to peacebuilding, the UN has typically focused on formal political initiatives such as peace negotiations, elections and institution building. 2 While certainly important, these activities alone are not enough to ensure peace. Furthermore, young people often find it very difficult, if not entirely impossible, to participate in formal political decision-making for peace. 3

in Dancing through the dissonance
Stephen Emerson and Hussein Solomon

means that empower people and societies through political, social, and economic development and build long-term security for all. The changing (and changeless) face of engagement Foreign powers, international organizations, and individuals have been drawn to Africa for centuries. From the colonial period to independence and throughout the Cold War and beyond, external actors have been instrumental in defining not only the nature of African security, but also in determining the continent’s security agenda. Security during the colonial period, as we have seen, was

in African security in the twenty-first century