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Westerners and Chinese Christians in Chongqing, 1870s-1900
Judith Wyman

first step toward foreign control of the province. Compared with the treaty port cities of the coastal regions, as illustrated in the other chapters in this volume, foreigners came to Sichuan relatively late. With the exception of a few dozen French Catholic priests and a handful of British and American missionaries and trade representatives, Westerners did not come to the province in large numbers until Chongqing was forced open as a treaty port in 1891. Within a few years, consulates were set up by the British, French

in New frontiers
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Mission medicine and Bhil modernity
David Hardiman

devotional practices. In this way, modernity has been freed from its association in this region with Christianity, being now aligned predominantly with forms of contemporary Hindu practice. Notes 1 For a study of such work, see Shobana Shankar, ‘The Social Dimensions of Christian Leprosy Work among Muslims: American

in Missionaries and their medicine
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Britishness, empire, and Hong Kong
Mark Hampton

a key cold war location: the site of the largest US Consulate, where ‘China-watchers’ could be based, and a notorious leave destination for American soldiers during the Vietnam War. It was also a place in which the American missionary engagement with China, more than a century old, could concentrate now that the mainland had been closed, as well as a crucial location for Sinophiles. Yet although the American

in Hong Kong and British culture, 1945–97
The demonic adoptee in The Bad Seed (1954)
Elisabeth Wesseling

. 13 The Nobel-prize winning author Pearl Buck was the daughter of an American missionary in China, where she grew up. Buck retained a lifelong commitment to improving Asian-American relationships, believing that the adoption of orphaned Chinese and Korean children would greatly enhance American knowledge and understanding of China. Pearl Buck founded Welcome House in 1949

in Gothic kinship
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Heike Wieters

Hunter, The Gospel of Gentility. American Women Missionaries in Turn-of-the-Century China , New Haven, CT, 1984; Amanda Porterfield, “Protestant Missionaries. Pioneers of American Philanthropy,” in Friedman and McGarvie (eds.), Charity , pp. 49–69; Ussama Makdisi, “Bringing America Back Into the Middle East. A History of the First American Missionary Encounter with the

in The NGO CARE and food aid From America, 1945–80
Rural development discourse in colonial Zimbabwe, 1944–79
E. Kushinga Makombe

colonial state introduced some ‘modernisation’ initiatives. These included opening two new government schools at Domboshawa in Mashonaland and Tsholotsho in Matabeleland where ‘modern’ methods of farming were taught. A former American missionary, Emory D. Alvord, became one of the leading agriculturalists responsible for teaching Africans new farming methods, including the use of

in Developing Africa
Towards a non-recuperative history
Jane Haggis

been written. Drawing on the work done by feminist and other historians on American missionary women, 22 1 was interested in exploring the British context to see how missionary women were located as actors within both the metropolitan gender order and the arena of empire and colonialism, and what the connections were between the two. Based on a study of the publications and archival records of

in Gender and imperialism
Mary A. Procida

. 5 Patricia Grimshaw argues that in nineteenth-century Hawaii American missionary women who did not employ servants for child care were unable actively to work at missionary endeavours because of the constraints imposed on their time and energy by the demands of caring for their children. Patricia Grimshaw, ‘ “Christian Woman, Pious Wife

in Married to the empire
John M. Cinnamon

representations by French naval officers and American missionaries that juxtaposed coastal and interior peoples. 6 In this sense, he too inherited certain preoccupations from his predecessors. For Gabon, however, he stands as the apical ancestor of both francophone and anglophone popular and scholarly ethnographic traditions. 7 His Explorations and Adventures in

in Ordering Africa
Cultures and geographies of imperialism in Germany, 1848–1918
Bernhard Gissibl

motivated an unprecedented increase in Christian missionary activity both overseas and within Europe. The number of Protestant missionary societies, for example, increased from a mere five around 1800 to more than 550 a century later. 62 The explosion of missionary activity propelled thousands of men and women of an often humble rural background to Africa, Asia and Latin America. Missionaries produced

in European empires and the people