state spending but, ironically, given the focus on the structural deficit this is deemed both necessary and manageable. Thus John Fitzgerald has claimed ‘the Irish debt burden will stabilise at a manageable level in 2013 and 2014’, though there would be considerable uncertainty in the future.19 An analysis which primarily targets state spending and, even after the crash, naturalises existing models of private ownership in banking has laid the foundations for an ardent embrace of austerity policies. MUP_CoulterNagle_Printer3.indd 72 24/04/2015 16:36 Interpretations

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Austerity and the community sector in the Republic of Ireland

8 Defiance and hope: austerity and the community sector in the Republic of Ireland John Bissett This is Ireland Dermot Bolger’s poem, Neilstown Matadors1 tells the story of a mother whose daughter has succumbed to the risks of serious drug use and who is left to act as guardian and matriarch to her daughter’s daughter. The poem is rife with grief and is a succinct depiction of both the internal implosion of an extended family and the external degradation of ­addiction, poverty and inequality. The grandmother/mother describes a struggle that has tortured many

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Suicide, violence and austerity

6 Ireland’s disappeared: suicide, violence and austerity Michael Cronin Introduction The billboard says it all. Or does it? In an advertising campaign mounted by an Irish newspaper over the slogan ‘We are defined by the choices we make’, there are two contrasting pictures. On the left-hand side, there is the photograph of a rioting crowd in Athens with a member of the Greek riot police prominent in the foreground. On the right, there is a photograph of O’Connell Street in Dublin, with the General Post Office and the Spire but, significantly, no people. The

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The financialisation of Ireland and the roots of austerity

2 False economy: the financialisation of Ireland and the roots of austerity Conor McCabe Introduction Although the financial world has a powerful presence within Irish society, it is among the most opaque and little understood facets of the state. It provokes strong reaction, no doubt, and protests, column pages and character-driven accounts, but relatively little by way of structural investigation and analysis. There are moves, however, to redress that imbalance, and this chapter is put forward as a small contribution to that process. It will focus on the

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Ireland, but never both at the same time’.11 This understanding has proven to be as politically enabling as it has been analytically restrictive. If, as Colin Coulter argues in the introduction, the political class reached for the ‘dangerous pronoun’ as austerity was implemented, the we in ‘we all partied’ was marked by the presumption that the party ‘guests’ would now go home. If the TED-talk template of multiculturalism framed people as perpetually frozen in happy clappy forms of mutual celebration, the Irish government suppressed the reality of social transformation

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10 Women, fictional messages and a crucial decade Mary Pierse During the traumatic period of strife in Northern Ireland, Irish poets and artists were frequently exhorted to make their art relevant, to comment or perhaps to take sides. Despite the marked lack of public clamour for artistic involvement in cogitation, diagnosis or prescription regarding two decades of rollercoaster-­ride from embryonic prosperity to economic austerity, much recent fiction by notable Irish women novelists has determinedly featured numerous depictions of experiences, actions and

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great-uncle Julius were about to visit them in the Rivesaltes camp in September 1942, but learned that they had just been deported. I already knew that Leo and Meta were deported from Drancy camp to Auschwitz on 16 September 1942 – from the transport list available online through the Mémorial de la Shoah in Paris, and from the Stolpersteine in Busenberg. I assumed both were murdered immediately on arrival. Claude’s mother Meta Austerity baby [ 241 ] Claude Levy (film stills) Postscript [ 242 ] Memorial boards, Jewish cemetery in Busenberg, Germany Jewish

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category C ‘where there are grounds for doubting the Austerity baby [ 41 ] Notice of arrest, June 1940 Aliens [ 42 ] reliability of an individual’. When Italy entered the war on 10 June 1940 Italian enemy aliens were also rounded up for internment, together with any remaining category C German and Austrian aliens under the age of seventy, following prime minister Winston Churchill’s order. My father’s arrest document is dated the following day. My mother, born in England in 1917, lost her British citizenship on marrying my father four months before his internment

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stone – a Stolperstein – outside the shop in Leonie’s name, another for Sigmund at their later address. The Stolpersteine, or ‘stumbling stones’, designed by Gunter Demnig, are commemorative brass plaques in the pavement outside the last known address of victims of the Holocaust. They are now in over six hundred towns in Germany, Austria and six other countries. I know very little about Leonie’s life in Offenburg, or about how their lives changed after the National Socialists came to power in January 1933. Austerity baby [ 115 ] Sara Schwarz, Sigmund, Eri and

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learned from the curators of the exhibition that Eisenmayer was still alive, and that he would probably be delighted to hear from me. Through his Philately and chemistry [ 163 ] [ 164 ] Portrait of Arthur Wolff, Isle of Man internment camp, 1940 Birthday drawing for Arthur Wolff, Isle of Man internment camp, 27 November 1940 Ernst Eisenmayer violinist drawing, in Lawnhurst apartment Austerity baby daughter in London I got his email address, and we began an online correspondence. My first email from him is dated 15 April 2010. At the time, he was living in Israel

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