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Security politics and identity policy

O N 1 AUGUST 2005 , less than a month after the 7 July bombings of the London underground, the Australian Attorney-General and former Immigration Minister Philip Ruddock held an interview outside the Hyatt Hotel in Adelaide, where he stated that ‘a terrorist attack could occur in Australia at any time’. Having made such an alarming statement, he

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Intercontinental mobility and migrant expectations in the nineteenth century

British and Australian traffic In the summer of 1886 about 5 million people visited the Colonial and Indian Exhibition in London and 12,000 attended the official opening at the Albert Hall, graced by the Prince of Wales. Among them were large numbers of Australians who made their presence felt all around the metropolis. When they finally left to return to Australia, Melbourne Punch depicted Queen Victoria anxiously counting her spoons, and missing four. This Australian jest registered the much

in Emigrant homecomings
The failure of the Anzac legend

‘Our duty’, proclaimed Senator E. D. Millen, Australia’s Minister of Repatriation, ‘is … to labour together and build, even upon the initial mistakes and apparent failure inevitable in a national undertaking of this magnitude, that in the final analysis our work shall be proven solvent, sound, and justified by its achievements.’ 1 The Australian experience of resettling

in Unfit for heroes

THERE ARE A number of avenues through which the ‘place’ of Indigenous people in Australia can be approached. One fundamental arena of struggle has been over land rights. The approach to rights taken here, however, starts from an account of suffering and sets out to trace the political roots of that suffering. One of the clearest forms of suffering to mark Aboriginal lives in Australia is entrenched and widespread ill-health. Thus, across the Indigenous community, the story is one of premature death, often from diseases associated with

in Human rights and the borders of suffering
Two firsts and the greatest?

8 The US, Australia and India: two firsts and the greatest? This chapter examines the passage of three of the most influential pieces of FOI legislation: the world’s first modern law passed in the US in 1966, one of the first pieces of FOI legislation in a Westminster-style system in Australia in 1982 and the landmark Right to Information (RTI) Act 2005 in India. Symbolically, the three laws involved passing a powerful ‘right’ to the ‘people’ and a deepening of democracy, bound up in ‘transformative’ narratives. Each was a case of small groups inside and outside

in The politics of freedom of information
No more ‘Australia for the White Man’

When Sir Frank Packer took over the Sydney-based Bulletin magazine in late 1960, he handed editorship to Donald Horne. The first thing Horne did was to take the slogan ‘Australia for the White Man’ off the banner. This removal was not merely cosmetic, because Horne was determined to refashion the symbolic organ of White Australian cultural nationalism in a new internationalist way. While Horne's politics at the time were Cold War libertarian, he was already a maverick, and showed this by hiring Les Tanner as chief cartoonist and art director

in Comic empires
So what went wrong?

5 Training the ‘natives’ as nurses in Australia: so what went wrong? Odette Best Introduction The story of the Aboriginal women who participated in Australia’s nursing history remains largely untold. In the first six decades of the twentieth century, Aboriginal people were confronted with harsh exclusionary practices that forced them to live in settlements, reserves and missions.1 While many Aboriginal women worked in domestic roles (in white people’s homes and on rural properties), small numbers were trained at public hospitals and some Aboriginal women

in Colonial caring

[God] hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation. (Acts 17:26) ‘One blood’: John Fraser and the origins of the Aborigines In 1892 Dr John Fraser (1834–1904), a schoolteacher from Maitland, New South Wales, published An Australian Language , a work commissioned by the

in Chosen peoples
Understanding Production, Humour and Political Context through Nice Coloured Girls (1987) and The Sapphires (2012)

How Indigenous Australian history has been portrayed and who has been empowered to define it is a complex and controversial subject in contemporary Australian society. This article critically examines these issues through two Indigenous Australian films: Nice Coloured Girls (1987) and The Sapphires (2012). These two films contrast in style, theme and purpose, but each reclaims Indigenous history on its own terms. Nice Coloured Girls offers a highly fragmented and experimental history reclaiming Indigenous female agency through the appropriation of the colonial archive. The Sapphires eschews such experimentation. It instead celebrates Indigenous socio-political links with African American culture, ‘Black is beautiful’, and the American Civil Rights movements of the 1960s. Crucially, both these films challenge notions of a singular and tragic history for Indigenous Australia. Placing the films within their wider cultural contexts, this article highlights the diversity of Indigenous Australian cinematic expression and the varied ways in which history can be reclaimed on film. However, it also shows that the content, form and accessibility of both works are inextricably linked to the industry concerns and material circumstances of the day. This is a crucial and overlooked aspect of film analysis and has implications for a more nuanced appreciation of Indigenous film as a cultural archive.

Film Studies

3 Australian foreign policy and the vernacular of national belonging Katie Linnane On 22 October 2014 a gunman opened fire on the Canadian National War Memorial and Houses of Parliament, killing a soldier on ceremonial duty and injuring three others. In expressing sympathy on behalf of all Australians, then Prime Minister, Tony Abbott (2013–15), announced: ‘today more than ever, Australians and Canadians are family’ (Wroe 2014). On the surface, such a statement of solidarity appeared both appropriate and unexceptional. In times of crisis or catastrophe

in The politics of identity