An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

there was an ontological contradiction. I think it is possible to work for a more democratic order – diffusing power, creating a more stable balance of power – while strengthening and democratising certain value systems. Doing so in a cooperative way, too. People might say it was just Brazil trying to extend its power and join the [UN] Security Council. But, in projecting soft power, I believe we were also promoting positive things: South–South cooperation, for example. At the ILO, it was Brazil that really initiated South–South cooperation, with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor: Howard Chiang

This collection expands the history of Chinese medicine by bridging the philosophical concerns of epistemology and the history and cultural politics of transregional medical formations. Topics range from the spread of gingko’s popularity from East Asia to the West to the appeal of acupuncture for complementing in-vitro fertilization regimens, from the modernization of Chinese anatomy and forensic science to the evolving perceptions of the clinical efficacy of Chinese medicine.

The individual essays cohere around the powerful theoretical-methodological approach, “historical epistemology,” with which scholars in science studies have already challenged the seemingly constant and timeless status of such rudimentary but pivotal dimensions of scientific process as knowledge, reason, argument, objectivity, evidence, fact, and truth. Yet given that landmark studies in historical epistemology rarely navigate outside the intellectual landscape of Western science and medicine, this book broadens our understanding of its application and significance by drawing on and exploring the rich cultures of Chinese medicine. In studying the globalizing role of medical objects, the contested premise of medical authority and legitimacy, and the syncretic transformations of metaphysical and ontological knowledge, contributors illuminate how the breadth of the historical study of Chinese medicine and its practices of knowledge-making in the modern period must be at once philosophical and transnational in scope.

This book will appeal to students and scholars working in science studies and medical humanities as well as readers who are interested in the broader problems of translation, material culture, and the global circulation of knowledge.

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Anthropology, cosmology, and alterity
Michael W. Scott

chapter offers reflections on the relationship among wonder, cosmology, ontology, and anthropology as stimulated by two sources: my fieldwork among the Arosi of the island of Makira in Solomon Islands and my engagement with current trends in anthropological approaches to ontology. In order to suggest a logical and historical relationship among these four terms, I begin with two propositions laid out in syllogistic style. The first proposition runs as follows: if, as Plato makes Socrates say in the Theaetetus, wonder is the beginning of philosophy; and if, as Luce

in Framing cosmologies
New theoretical directions

Materiality has long been tied to the political projects of nationalism and capitalism. But how are we to rethink borders in this context? Is the border the limit where the capitalist nation-state, contested and re-created at its centre, becomes fixed? Or is it something else? Is the border something, or does it instead do things? This volume brings questions of materiality to bear specifically on the study of borders. These questions address specifically the shift from ontology to process in thinking about borders. The political materialities of borders does not presume the material aspect of borders but rather explores the ways in which any such materiality comes into being. Through ethnographic and philosophical explorations of the ontology of borders and its limitations from the perspective of materiality, this volume seeks to throw light on the interaction between the materiality of state borders and the non-material aspects of state-making. This enables a new understanding of borders as productive of the politics of materiality, on which both the state project rests, including its multifarious forms in the post-nation-state era.

Democracy’s colonization of alterity
Mielle Chandler

rise to and sustain that plurality. This chapter contests this belief, suggesting, rather, that plurality is severely circumscribed by the ontological structure and the economic processes endemic to political participation. Being a state or a citizen requires being recognizable as such, which requires conforming to the dominant organizational strictures of statehood and personhood. In accordance with these organizational strictures, sovereign entities (individual bearers of rights and nation-states) approach others through one of two colonizing actions: by engulfing

in Democracy in crisis
The problematic nature of the limited edition
K.E. Gover

the artwork destroyed was a multiple. Other, unmolested copies of the same series by Goya still exist; hence, they destroyed an instance of Goya's work, but they did not eliminate all of its instances. Aside from the ethical question of whether the Chapman brothers were justified in destroying the Goya prints, this case also raises some ontological questions: did the Chapmans

in Perspectives on contemporary printmaking
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Fabian Graham

the cosmology upon which contemporary ritual practices are based. To achieve this, what have previously been regarded as conflicting approaches in the study of Chinese vernacular religion have been embraced. These include ontological and dialogic 5 approaches to religious phenomena including tang-ki in trance possession states, combined with historical sociology and an interpretative societal analysis. The rationale behind adopting these methodologies and how they become complementary requires elucidation. While there has been a

in Voices from the Underworld
The making of the social subject
Mark Haugaard

The fourth dimension of power concerns the creation of the social ontology of social subjects. As social subjects, agents have certain predispositions, which make them more likely to structure and confirm-structure in a felicitous manner than others. Like the other dimensions of power, the fourth dimension is not inherently dominating or conducive to empowerment. Rather, it has elements of both, often as a duality. In this chapter we will focus more on the enabling and constitutive aspects. In Chapter 8 , we will look at extreme forms of 4-D domination. We

in The four dimensions of power
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Doing cosmology and transforming the self the Saiva way
Soumhya Venkatesan

3 Auto-relations: doing ­cosmology and transforming the self the Saiva way Soumhya Venkatesan I contend, in this chapter, that in order to understand certain projects of ethical self-cultivation or transformation, we must pay attention to the ontological, cosmological, and anthropological assumptions and ideas in relation to which these activities are enacted. Further, attempts to understand such projects of self-cultivation necessitate the addition to the standard focus on social relations (relations external to the self) of a new attentiveness to relations

in Framing cosmologies
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Death and security – the only two certainties
Charlotte Heath-Kelly

nothing can be said to be certain, except death and security’. Mortality is, of course, the epitome of inevitability. We are all aware of our individual impermanence. But what are the political consequences of this certainty? This book argues that death is ontologically coupled with state security practice. Security responds to, and functions to displace, the anxiety of mortality – which would otherwise

in Death and security