Coming to terms with the Spanish republican exile in France
country experienced a rapid influx of refugees of this magnitude; and
never before had the French state responded to the call for asylum with
mass internment. Admittedly, one can cite other occasions in the twentieth century when the French state placed refugees in camps during
peacetime: the Armenians in the 1920s and the Harkis in the 1960s. But
even so, in both cases the camps were conceived more as accommodationcentres as opposed to places of internment. Neither before nor after have
the French authorities and public – especially in the south-west of the
city came to be described as ‘little Africa’.
A number of asylum-seeker accommodationcentres had been located in
the area. African and other immigrant businesses became prominent on
Parnell Street and Moore Street.39 Within the DICP area a general pattern
of immigrant clustering in comparatively disadvantaged electoral districts is
discernible, particularly within the ten (of thirty-nine overall) DICP electoral
districts classified as disadvantaged.40 Each of the ten has more than three
times the national average of non-Irish nationals, with five times as many in
. Carolan, ‘Pegida's arrival a wake-up call for migration policy; national debate on migration and development of multicultural policies urgently needed’, Irish Times , 12 February 2016.
69 I. O’Doherty, ‘Remind me … who the fascists are again here?’, Sunday Independent , 13 February 2016.
70 Independent.ie Newsdesk, ‘We should see after our own first’ – Councillor protests against accommodationcentre for asylum seekers’, Irish Independent , 16 December 2017.
71 A. Lucey, ‘Dozens protest
and Seraphim and the Celestial
Church of Christ. All of these churches owe their origins to faith movements in
Africa and each creates and supports some form of a global ecumene for
worshipers.7 However, it is difficult to capture a still image of Pentecostalism in
Ireland: this is a fast-changing landscape plagued by financial difficulties and
competition, and a year can prove to be a very long time.
Some congregations meet in community centres, Gaelic Athletic Association
clubs or schools; other congregations meet in local hotels or asylum accommodationcentres. A
Material reception conditions, such as accommodation, food and
clothing. Family unity. Medical and psychological care. Access to the education system for minor children and language
courses. Lodgings in a house, accommodationcentre or hotel. In all cases, applicants must have the possibility of communicating
with legal advisers, NGOs and the UNHCR. Access to employment.
The most heavily disputed
from his family, and Cathy eventually asks a friend to care for her eldest son after becoming concerned
family and community
about his welfare. Finally, Cathy has her remaining two children taken
away by social services. The play was inspired by a real-life experience.
A neighbour of Sanford, the writer, had been evicted with her children
from their home in Battersea and placed in Newington Lodge in Southwark, an accommodationcentre for homeless families provided by the
then London County Council.51 The story would have resonated with
women around the
alleviate pressures from asylum seekers.27 Thus the ‘Blunkett equation’ – more ‘good’ immigration (economic migrants with
skills that were needed in the economy) equals less ‘bad’ immigration
(asylum seekers and irregular migrants). Inevitably, it was the measures
regarding unwanted migration that made the headlines, particularly the
proposals for accommodationcentres for asylum seekers. Thus, the
space for the new approach represented by ‘managed migration’ could
be safeguarded by continuing to ‘talk tough’ about asylum seeking and
those who ‘abuse the system’ (HMSO