The debate on the polity of the church was at the centre of the religious debates in the British Atlantic world during the middle decades of the seventeenth-century. From the Covenanter revolution in Scotland, to the congregationalism of the New England colonies, to the protracted debates of the Westminster assembly, and the abolition of the centuries-old episcopalian structure of the Church of England, the issue of the polity of the church was intertwined with the political questions of the period. This book collects together essays focusing on the conjunction of church polity and politics in the middle years of the seventeenth century. A number of chapters in the volume address the questions and conflicts arising out of the period’s reopening and rethinking of the Reformation settlement of church and state. In addition, the interplay between the localities and the various Westminster administrations of the era are explored in a number of chapters. Beyond these discussions, chapters in the volume explore the deeper ecclesiological thinking of the period, examining the nature of the polity of the church and its relationship to society at large. The book also covers the issues of liberty of conscience and how religious suffering contributed to a sense of what the true church was in the midst of revolutionary political upheaval. This volume asserts the fundamental connection between church polity and politics in the revolutions that affected the seventeenth-century British Atlantic world.

The church as sacred space places the reader at the heart of medieval religious life, standing inside the church with the medieval laity in order to ask what the church meant to them and why. It examines the church as a building, idea, and community, and explores the ways in which the sanctity of the church was crucial to its place at the centre of lay devotion and parish life. At a time when the parish church was facing competition for lay attention, and dissenting movements such as Lollardy were challenging the relevance of the material church, the book examines what was at stake in discussions of sanctity and its manifestations. Exploring a range of Middle English literature alongside liturgy, architecture, and material culture, the book explores the ways in which the sanctity of the church was constructed and maintained for the edification of the laity. Drawing on a wide range of contemporary theoretical approaches, the book offers a reading of the church as continually produced and negotiated by the rituals, performances, and practices of its lay communities, who were constantly being asked to attend to its material form, visual decorations, and significance. The meaning of the church was a dominant question in late-medieval religious culture and this book provides an invaluable context for students and academics working on lay religious experience and canonical Middle English texts.

Catholics and antisemitism in Germany and England, 1918–1945

This book compares the worldviews and factors that promoted or, indeed, opposed anti-semitism amongst Catholics in Germany and England after the First World War. As a prequel to books on Hitler, fascism and genocide, it turns towards ideas and attitudes that preceded and shaped the ideologies of the 1920s and 1940s. Apart from the long tradition of Catholic anti-Jewish prejudices, the book discusses new and old alternatives to European modernity offered by Catholics in Germany and England. Numerous events in the interwar years provoked anti-Jewish responses among Catholics: the revolutionary end of the war and financial scandals in Germany; Palestine and the Spanish Civil War in England. At the same time, the rise of fascism and National Socialism gave Catholics the opportunity to respond to the anti-democratic and anti-semitic waves these movements created in their wake. The book is a political history of ideas that introduces Catholic views of modern society, race, nation and the ‘Jewish question’. It shows to what extent these views were able to inform political and social activity.

On 5 November 1711, the Chancellor of Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin, John Travers, preached a sermon in the cathedral before the Irish Lord Lieutenant, James Butler, second duke of Ormond. It being the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot, Travers reminded his congregation that, just over a century ago, the ‘Powder was actually plac’d in a Cellar under the Parliament House … and the Train was laid for setting

in The later Stuart Church, 1660–1714

In 1689, in the wake of the Revolution that toppled a Catholic king from the throne of the three kingdoms, an anonymous treatise was circulated among the clergymen of the English College at Douai. ‘Lost or stolen from the Ld Archbishop of Canterbury’, it advertised, ‘a Cassock and Cloak made up of the Church of England’, a garment ‘finely dyed with the Doctrine of Non-resistance … that shined like

in The later Stuart Church, 1660–1714
The failure of congregational ideas in the Mersey Basin region, 1636–41

Church polity and politics in the British Atlantic Chapter 3 Peers, pastors and the particular church: the failure of congregational ideas in the Mersey Basin region, 1636–41 James Mawdesley O n 3 January 1641, Samuel Eaton clambered into the pulpit of St John’s church in Chester. Eaton was an idiosyncratic character. The son of a Cheshire vicar, he had trod the familiar path to Cambridge University before being appointed as the rector of the Wirral parish of West Kirby in 1628. At the bishop of Chester’s visitation that year, Eaton and five parishioners were

in Church polity and politics in the British Atlantic world, c. 1635–66
Consecration, restoration, and translation

2 The Book of the Foundation of St Bartholomew’s Church: Consecration, restoration, and translation So al these thyngis that bene seide or shall be seide, they beholde the ende and consummacioun of this document. For trewly God is yn this place.1 This statement appears midway through the Middle English translation of the twelfth-century Latin foundation legend known as The Book of the Foundation of St Bartholomew’s Church. As a foundation legend, the text’s primary aim is to narrate the construction of the church in question: St Bartholomew the Great, in

in The church as sacred space in Middle English literature and culture

1 The church consecration ceremony and the construction of sacred space The church consecration ceremony was the chief ritual expression of sanctity in the Middle Ages, and the symbolism and practice that the ceremony established were the foundation for all subsequent encounters with sacred space. Despite this fact, surprisingly little research has been done on the ceremony. The most illuminating recent studies are Dawn Marie Hayes’s discussion in Body and Sacred Place in Medieval Europe and Brian Repsher’s The Rite of Church Dedication in the Early Medieval Era

in The church as sacred space in Middle English literature and culture
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How it changed

4035 The debate.qxd:- 9/12/13 08:37 Page 192 7 The Church: how it changed Introduction While they were absorbed with the issue of the spread of Protestantism during the English Reformation, most historians gave almost passing attention to an equally important question: what impact did the Reformation have upon the Church of England as an institution? This was perhaps due to the fact that by the later 1960s it was now historians rather than ecclesiastical historians who had command of the field. Nevertheless, some work was produced which helped to provide

in The Debate on the English Reformation
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7 The church The French Government was well aware of the importance of religion in managing conquered populations.1 The church was central to the diffusion of pro- (or anti-) French views; as with the lay elites, the co-operation of the clergy was vital in maintaining order. Lorraine and Savoy were predominantly Catholic societies, and the clergy possessed immense influence over consciences and public opinion, but experience in several newly annexed provinces showed that the loyalties of the religious elites could be the most difficult to win out of all of the

in Absolute monarchy on the frontiers