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Matthew Kidd

The refusal of the Labour Party to recognise the class war disappointed those who believed society was divided into two irreconcilable classes. 1 If this refusal represented a true reflection of Labour opinion rather than a strategic attempt to maintain unity between diverse political and trade union forces, then one may be inclined to conclude that populist understandings of the social order were more prevalent than class-based perspectives in the early party. This argument has been put forward by an eclectic range of scholars who have drawn attention to the

in The renewal of radicalism
Matthew Kidd

broad cross-class coalition whose members worked in relative harmony under the guiding influence of ‘the People’s William’. For proponents of a class-based model of political development, radicals and liberals grew close in the years following the defeat of the ‘class-conscious’ Chartist movement, when the working classes, driven above all by economic concerns, abandoned their commitment to independent class politics and accepted the political and intellectual leadership of middle-class reformers. 2 This once-dominant narrative has been challenged by scholars who

in The renewal of radicalism
The milieu culture of DIY punk
Peter Webb

5 Crass, subculture and class: the milieu culture of DIY punk Peter Webb This chapter presents an account of the activities and social formation of the DIY punk band Crass in order to develop a critique of the notion of ‘subculture’ employed at the time of the group’s existence (1977–85) by the Birmingham University Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS). It supplies a narrative of how the band and the cultural movement known as `anarchopunk’ provided a ‘milieu’ where class identities could blend and develop hybrid forms of cultural and social capital.1

in Fight back
Peter J. Martin

Chap 5 10/7/06 11:51 am Page 77 5 Class, culture and concerts Introduction For Pierre Bourdieu, musical taste was a highly significant indicator of a person’s position in the socio-economic order. Near the beginning of Distinction, he reports the outcome of a large-scale French survey which led to the identification of three ‘zones’ of musical taste, which ‘roughly correspond to educational levels and social classes’. ‘Legitimate’ taste (for example the works of ‘serious’ composers) was found to increase markedly with level of education and thus ‘was

in Music and the sociological gaze
Open Access (free)
George Campbell Gosling

4 Middle-class medicine It is well known that Englishmen are in the main opposed to any and every new system with which they are not familiar. Probably to this influence is due the fact, that, with a few exceptions, pay wards are as unknown in this country as the pay hospitals themselves. 1 Sir Henry Burdett

in Payment and philanthropy in British healthcare, 1918–48
Political apathy and the poetry of Derek Mahon
George Legg

2 ‘Middle-­class shits’: political apathy and the poetry of Derek Mahon ‘Wonders are many and none is more wonderful than man’ Who has tamed the terrier, trimmed the hedge And grasped the principle of the watering can. Clothes pegs litter the window ledge And the long ships lie in clover; washing lines Shake out white linen over the chalk thanes. Now we are safe from monsters, and the giants Who tore up sods twelve miles by six And hurled them out to sea to become islands Can worry us no more. The sticks And stones that once broke bones will not now harm A

in Northern Ireland and the politics of boredom
Abstract only
Carmen M. Mangion

7 Class and ethnicity The theme of perfection resonates throughout the nineteenth-century writings of and about women religious. Catherine McAuley reminded the Sisters of Mercy that ‘Religion refines and elevates the character. A perfect Religious is a perfect lady.’1 Thomas Marshall, one of Her Majesty’s Inspectors of Schools, saw women religious as: belonging to a higher grade of society – this is almost universally the case in female communities – yet in the previous cultivation of their minds, the possession of more ample attainments, and a far more careful

in Contested identities
Reordering privilege and prejudice
Hilary Pilkington

6 ‘Second-class citizens’: reordering privilege and prejudice Castells (2012: 14) argues that anxiety is a response to an external threat over which the threatened person has no control. Anxiety leads to fear, and has a paralysing effect on action. However, anxiety can be overcome and lead to action if it develops into anger, usually through the perception of an unjust action and the identification of the agent responsible for it. In the previous chapter, the anxieties held by EDL supporters about Islam, and about Muslims, were detailed. It was shown how these

in Loud and proud
Theorizing sexual violence during the feminist sex wars of the 1980s
Mara Keire

The clashing sides in what are now known as the feminist sex wars of the 1980s shared similar radical roots in the leftist activism of the 1960s. Well-versed in the thought of Marx, Engels, and Freud, feminists engaged with Mao, Fanon, and Marcuse. Disheartened by misogyny within the New Left, a number of radical women departed the organizations to which they had devoted so much time, but when they did they brought with them the New Left’s theoretical background on the causes of class oppression, the problems of proletarian false consciousness, and the

in Marxism and America
Open Access (free)
Steven Fielding

4 Reconciling the classes Many contemporaries were convinced that by the 1960s class barriers had been at least attenuated compared with the 1930s. The children of manual workers were believed to be better able to enter the middle class; and it was thought that many of those remaining on the factory floor were adopting bourgeois ways. Labour members appeared more divided over this issue than they actually were. While the left considered ‘affluence’ made only a modest impact on the social structure and revisionists thought its influence profound, few denied

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1