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Dewey’s pragmatism and its implications for the spatialisation of social science 
Gary Bridge

organisms is co-constitutive and not finished. The focus is on the ‘nature’ or ‘character’ of the transaction, subject to, and implicated in, evolutionary, historical and temporal changes. Flux, uncertainty and contingency are embedded in human experience. As William James put it, “life is in the transitions as much as it is in the terms connected: often it seems to be there more emphatically” ( James, 1904 , 568–9). In this view, human experience consists of actions, thought (as a form of action), communication and habits (including cultural customs and artefacts

in The power of pragmatism
Going beyond a communicative approach 
Ihnji Jon

‘truth’. Communicative planning Introduced by Healey (1996 [2003] ; 2009 ), Forester (1999, 2006 , 2012 ) and Innes (1995) , communicative planning’s focus on democratic communication within a community is based on the assumption that open, transparent discussion on the subject of concern constitutes the practice of democratic planning (Forester, 1999, 2006 , 2012 ; Healey, 1996 [2003] , 2009 ; Innes, 1995 ), the result of which should be respected as what pragmatists call truth as being ‘what works for us’ ( Scheffler, 1974 ). Dewey’s pragmatism was

in The power of pragmatism
Open Access (free)
Tuur Driesser

. Maps as objects 225 From critical to object-oriented cartography The critical cartography which arose in the 1990s (Crampton and Krygier, 2006) approach maps as texts (Harley, 1989), sign systems (Wood, 1993) and social constructions (Crampton, 2001). In response to the dominance of the communication model, which thought of maps purely as neutral tools to convey geographical information, critical cartography sought to demonstrate how these representations were in fact bound up with politics of power and knowledge. Thus, building on Foucault and Derrida (Harley, 1989

in Time for mapping
Exploring the real-time smart city dashboard
Michiel de Lange

11 From real-time city to asynchronicity: exploring the real-time smart city dashboard Michiel de Lange A plea for asynchronicity In a thought-provoking ‘design fiction’ exercise, design researchers Bleecker and Nova invert the discourse of instantaneity in urban computing and digital cartography (Bleecker and Nova, 2009). Urban new media tend to promote a speeding up of time: there is here a conspicuous arms race towards more instantaneity, more temporal proximity between events, people and places. Communication is promoted to be ‘just-in-time’; feedback to your

in Time for mapping
Clive Barnett

understood a concern with placing aspects of human life which are often theorised in atomistic ways in a holistic network of interactive (or, in Deweyan terms, ‘transactional’) relationships. The importance of attending to the milieux in which human life unfolds is demonstrated throughout this collection: in the focus on the emplacement of action in urban worlds (e.g. Chapter 4 , Chapter 5 , Chapter 8 ); in ecological spaces ( Chapter 10 , Chapter 11 ); in mediated networks of communication ( Chapter 3 ); in situated spaces of learning (e.g. Chapter 6 , Chapter 7

in The power of pragmatism
A Capability Approach based analysis from the UK and Ireland
Alma Clavin

Learning, communication and thought Gaining cognitive skills Having opportunities for short term recovery Participation in social life and cultural activities Feeling a sense of ownership Having opportunities for political expression (choice and opportunity) Feeling of safety and freedom to use the local environment Having control of resources Being active Purpose Psychological wellbeing Mental restoration Social wellbeing Expression Security Enjoyment Source: Clavin, 2011. Agency UnFreedoms Functionings Expression Purpose Community Gardening Cultural factors

in Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice
Open Access (free)
Mapping times
Alex Gekker, Sam Hind, Sybille Lammes, Chris Perkins and Clancy Wilmott

depict space and design interfaces to communicate knowledge about space. Geographical Information Science focused upon spatial analysis. From its inception, the internet was conflated with spatial metaphors such as ‘cyberspace’ and its topology charted (see for example Dodge and Kitchin, 2001; Graham, 2013). Contemporary digital communication networks facilitate this compression of time and space by ‘flattening’ the world.5 Historians only began to deploy mapping technologies to investigate historical processes relatively late. This spatial fixation was critiqued from

in Time for mapping
Considerations and consequences
Thomas Sutherland

organicist conception of society as a living body irrigated by flows, whether material (communication routes or systems for distributing energy sources) or immaterial (financial flows, flows of information, or movements of symbolic diffusion)’ – which although not without its uses, smooths over the breaks, disjoints and dissymmetries that mark the globalised economy, and risks naturalising and even ontologising the myth of capitalism as a process of endlessly fluid expansion. Although I have written previously on the topic of fluidity as a theoretical and philosophical

in Time for mapping
A pragmatist responds to epistemic and other kinds of frictions in the academy 
Susan Saegert

the consciousness of others and make their actions “ echoable ”, giving rise to “ collective action ” ( Medina, 2013 , 225, all italics in the original). Focusing on representation, Medina (2013) then brings us back to Deweyan democracy: “At the level of language and communication, a social network becomes an organized social group or movement – a public as Dewey would say – when and because its members engage in communication with one another and make their problems, interests, and goals explicit, developing their own discursive resources and distinctive ways

in The power of pragmatism
A pragmatist notion of critique as mediation 
Klaus Geiselhart

therefore not only professional representatives but also must be recognised as being personally affected. Governance can therefore be understood as an emotionally charged nexus of communication and action in which experts, interest groups and lay people contribute to problem- solving. Pragmatism puts trust in the dynamics of such multi-perspectivity and sees a decentred deliberative democracy as a resource for problem-solving ( Bohman, 2004 ). Regarding politics “as an ecology of communicative spaces (both agonistic and accommodative) might enable us to rethink and redo

in The power of pragmatism