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Koen Slootmaeckers

obliged to engage with equality policies through external forces. Indeed, as discussed in Chapter 3 , the adoption process of the anti-discrimination framework in Serbia was in large part the result of conditionalities of some sort where the government adopted new legislation because it was told to. In this chapter, 1 I turn to the implementation of this legislative framework, which has been described by observers as generally lacking – as the mandates given by law to change the country were simply about being seen to

in Coming in
A living instrument

Nineteenth-century international law imbibed the racist virus. The twentieth century attempted to find an escape through fundamental, principled restatements of the equality and dignity of human beings and the worth of the cultures of humanity in all their subtlety and variety. The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) was preceded by the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination in 1963, and converted its premises into legally binding standards. The ICERD carried the hopes and aspirations of many in the international community for an international order of mutual respect and harmony among nations and peoples. This book tracks the debates that have shaped Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination's (CERD) policies and practices on disaggregated data over its first forty-five years. The UN World Conference Against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and related Intolerance (WCAR) created an opportunity for the family of nations to engage in a global dialogue. The rights of indigenous peoples under international human rights law have greatly evolved with the adoption of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) in 2007. CERD's serious attention to the continuing role played by anti-Romani sentiment - anti-Gypsyism - in shaping the societies is required. The central concern of General Recommendation 35 (2013) of the CERD was to figure out and set out how the 'resources' of the ICERD can be optimally 'mobilised' for the purpose of combating racist hate speech.

Angela Carter‘s Exposure of Flesh-Inscribed Stereotypes
Mariaconcetta Costantini

The human body is a crucial site for the inscription of cultural paradigms: how people are perceived controls the way they are treated. Postmodernist writers have shown sexual roles, racial inequalities and other forms of discrimination to be parts of a process of reductio ad absurdum, consisting of the identification of the individual‘s social functions with their anatomical features as well as with the habitual marking of their bodies. This article examines Angela Carter‘s The Infernal Desire Machines of Doctor Hoffman where Carter‘s refusal of established body politics is most clearly dramatised. This novel exposes the dreary consequences of power/weakness relations, together with its contradictory exploitation of Gothic devices, making it an esssential testimony to Carter‘s postmodernist reconfiguration of worldviews and narrative modes.

Gothic Studies
Hakim Khaldi

weeks previously not to admit any more wounded from Raqqa, as they had ‘ done their bit and it [was] now up to other hospitals to take over, Tell Abyad and the others. ’ 5 As a result, discrimination between Kurdish and Arab patients had been introduced. In Kobani, more than 80 per cent of surgical cases were not urgent, whereas Tell Abyad was overflowing with patients seriously injured by explosive devices in Raqqa and in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

liberal about a majority of humanitarian practitioners, we can define it as a commitment to three things: the equal moral worth of all human lives (i.e. non-discrimination on principle), the moral priority of the claims of individuals over the authority claims of any collective entity – from nations to churches to classes to families – and a belief that as a moral commitment (one that transcends any sociological or political boundary) there is a just and legitimate reason to intervene in any and all circumstances where human beings suffer (even if

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action 1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

for a set of humanitarian values ( Walker, 2004 ; Wortel, 2009 ). Humanitarianism is a culture that values humanity in all its forms, that champions non-discrimination, that advances restraint in war and many other values codified in international law. ‘Promoting’ ( Bugnion, 2003 : xxvii) or ‘spreading’ ( Slim, 1998 ) this humanitarian culture, therefore, inevitably requires transforming cultural values and practices that

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

, strategies and legislative amendments must outlaw discrimination and meaningfully protect rights in the health, social welfare, employment, education and criminal justice sectors. This is pretty basic stuff and hardly a panacea. Furthermore, unfortunately the document is scant on methods to achieve the proposed outcomes. How can quality services and support be guaranteed in struggling LMICs or FCAS with inadequate national and district budgets? Regular and continued monitoring and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle
Sarah Martin
, and
Henri Myrttinen

desired. It is clear from these experiences that aid security’s ‘stranger danger’ model does not speak to the reality of safety threats in aid work – that is, to everyday and internal threats – nor to the needs and risks faced by diverse aid workers who do not fit the white, masculine, heterosexual model. This glaring mismatch is all the more troubling for those facing multiple and compounded modes of discrimination based on gender, racialisation, disability or

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Insight from Northeast Nigeria
Chikezirim C. Nwoke
Jennifer Becker
Sofiya Popovych
Mathew Gabriel
, and
Logan Cochrane

advancing access to justice or eliminating discrimination within laws, among other interventions. It is often assumed, however, that there is limited scope for humanitarian projects to incorporate gender transformative actions because of the emergency setting, an often-narrow scope of activities, and short funding cycles (sometimes lasting only a few months). Additionally, given the acute challenges of operating in emergency settings, there is rarely enough time, resources or funding to conduct rigorous research that would support gender transformative design and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Joël Glasman
Brendan Lawson

-were-killed-during-attacks-myanmar . Murphy , M. ( 2017 ), The Economization of Life ( Durham, NC : Duke University Press ). Najibi , A. ( 2020 ), ‘ Racial Discrimination in Face Recognition Technology ’, Science in the News Blog, Science Policy , Harvard University , 24 October,

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs