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Abstract only
Dimitris Dalakoglou

) or later European Central Bank (ECB), which began to enforce neoliberal governance in Eastern European countries. This led to the formation of a system with minimal social provisions, precarious underpaid labor, public austerity, privatizations, mass emigration, and so on. The aggressive neoliberal governance that was applied in postsocialist countries during their—endless1— transition has also been applied to the periphery of West Europe2 since the euro crisis of 2010. This process has meant yet another reconfiguration of the internal EU boundaries, increasing

in The road
Abstract only
Mary Gilmartin

expand their expertise and training and to make more money, and in turn are replaced by migrant doctors from elsewhere. The Irish Medical Organisation (IMO), in a campaign against cuts to doctors’ salaries, claimed that cuts would result in mass emigration of doctors from Ireland (IMO 2013). This claim understated the extent to which emigration is already a key aspect of the working lives of doctors, in Ireland and elsewhere. In her unpublished study of medical migration in the context of Ireland, Angela Armen comments that Irish doctors tended to emigrate

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
Irish women in the medical profession in Britain during World War Two
Jennifer Redmond

mention the gender disparity in wages in Ireland. Female rates of pay in Ireland throughout the 1940s up to the 1960s were between 53–57 per cent of those of men.25 The propensity for Irish people to migrate from rural to urban locations also impacted on wage rates; as Hatton and Williamson have posited, this generally results in a doubling of wages.26 Women entering nursing in Britain were thereby responding to ‘relative wage signals’, and the ‘large relative wage gap between Ireland and the countries which received Irish immigrants’ that led to mass emigration from

in Women and Irish diaspora identities
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From local to transnational
Tanja Bueltmann and Donald M. MacRaild

English, with their growing North American associational culture, demonstrated both of these facets of diaspora. Furthermore, their vitality and range soon led to the formation of an overarching, continental structure. There  was nothing new in this, for many such friendly societies, the Orange Order, Catholic confraternities and societies and groups of every conceivable kind maintained national, continental and global structures in what was one of the surest measures of the ability of cultures to survive mass emigration.75 The Orange Order in Ireland, for instance

in The English diaspora in North America
An introduction to the book
Colin Coulter

in those various trends and indices that register at the more immediate level of everyday experience. The official contention that the 1990s saw the most successful programme of job creation in the history of the state seems more credible when one constantly passes the windows of retail outlets carrying advertisements for new staff. The declaration that the former scourge of mass emigration has been vanquished, moreover, appears persuasive when friends and family are no longer compelled to leave the country and when some of those who left in previous times begin to

in The end of Irish history?
Working-class English associational culture
Tanja Bueltmann and Donald M. MacRaild

the Rose and the Daughters and Maids of the Revolution, to be wooed by the reactionary Anglo-Saxon periodical. Anti-Catholicism and anti-Irishness were unifying cultural discourses across the British World. The mass emigrations of the 1840s, during the Great Irish Famine, amplified all negative relations between the English and Irish. In 1846, the Liverpool Times divided the Irish into ‘the emigrants of hope’, who went to the United States or Canada, and ‘the emigrants of despair’, who languished in Britain.125 In the industrial and commercial cities of Liverpool

in The English diaspora in North America
The English since 1800
Donald M. MacRaild

of English settlement.149 Hence, Hammerton and Thomson’s path-breaking study of post-war mass emigration from Britain to Australia stresses their invisibility, often using the terms ‘English’ and ‘British’ interchangeably to label the people born in England.150 The same is true of Barber and Watson’s study of the English in post-war Canada.151 Among the few works which specifically examine the Australasian English, Jupp’s general account offers an interesting but superficial exploration, and in any case does not investigate English ethnicity.152 In New Zealand

in British and Irish diasporas
Ali Rattansi

made the Holocaust thinkable’ (Modernity and the Holocaust: 13, emphasis in original). Commentators on, and critics of Bauman’s thesis have missed a crucial ambiguity in this formulation. I shall remark on it later when I come to assess Bauman’s claims with regard to the Holocaust and modernity. The initial ‘solution’, the forced mass emigration of Jews, had been designed with the same meticulous planning and expert knowledge that was then transferred to the Final Solution; both, for Bauman, were text-book cases of Weber’s analysis of bureaucratic functioning and its

in Bauman and contemporary sociology