multiethnic Dagestani society but do not allow the single Chechen nationality3 to aim for the unity of their own political elite necessary for the founding of an independent state? Why does the multi-ethnic, continuously in-fighting Dagestani elite nevertheless arrange a system of effective cooperation among themselves and seek close collaboration with Moscow, but the Chechen leaders, who belong to one nationality, are at odds with one another in the periods of peaceful independent development and unite only in times of direct opposition to Russia, exhibiting a monolithic and

in Potentials of disorder

set up as a result of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement. Reporting in September 1999, the Commission’s recommendations formed the basis on which the Police Service of Northern Ireland came into being in November 2001. He chaired The Ireland Funds, the international charity which provided the funding for the Tip O’Neill lecture series, and in 2003 was awarded the degree of Doctor of Letters (honoris causa) by the University of Ulster. Central to his analysis of how society might move out of conflict was the overlap of nationalities in Northern Ireland, he said, pointing

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
The public debates of the 1980s, 1990s and twenty-first century

discussion of the following concepts: nation, nationalism, nationality, the State and citizenship. After a brief overview of the different ways in which these concepts have been defined historically, their relevance within the post-revolutionary French context will be discussed. The section entitled ‘The politicisation of immigration’ will focus on the debates of the last thirty years, starting with the 1980s and 1990s and the context of the emerging far Right; the debates on nationality and integration; the recurring linkages made between immigration and law and order (l

in Identities, discourses and experiences
Illegitimacy and law reform

. First, re-registration was public, expensive, and difficult. Second, the bill had not changed nationality laws. Third, the divorce courts refused to recognise legitimation unless the child Simple acts of justice 161 had used the Legitimacy Declaration Act. All of these issues caused problems for individuals who wanted to take advantage of the law. The RGO set up the process for re-registration when the Act seemed likely to reach the statute books. The LCO, the HO, and the RGO debated the best procedure in a conference in April of 1925. The Registrar, Sylvanus

in Illegitimacy in English law and society,1860–1930

Boer war; he had spent a brief period in the Transvaal in 1897–98. In 1899 he started the United Irishman, the first of a number of radical newspapers that he edited. It was replaced by Sinn Féin in 1906 and, after the latter’s suppression in 1914, by Scissors and Paste and later by Nationality. He wrote most of the material for his newspapers himself. It seems that he once turned down a job as a leaderwriter on the Freeman’s Journal so that, to quote Virginia Glandon, ‘he could continue through his newspapers to try to break up what he saw as Irish political apathy

in Irish journalism before independence
Migration in the last gasp of empire

other migrant groups in post-war Britain, which revealed more clearly than ever before the fact that behind the façade of a universal British national identity lay competing communities of Britishness, reflective of separate spheres of nationality. This chapter explores these different communities and suggests that their coming to the surface was a direct consequence of the end of empire. In June 1948

in British culture and the end of empire

Irish and the English were seen as two separate nationalities. This, combined with the presence of Scottish settlers on the north coast of Ireland, 16 created a complex melée of cultures in Ulster. It was this mixture of cultural identities that would create so many problems over the coming centuries as different nationalities sought supremacy, especially in areas such as County Armagh. This turbulent

in Cultural identities and the aesthetics of Britishness
Abstract only

for detaining and deporting migrants and provide more discretionary powers to the Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform. The Acts also introduce the term ‘non-national’ to describe migrants to Ireland. Though this is an improvement on the previously used term, ‘alien’, it has its own difficulties. Acts that relate partially to migration include the Nationality and Citizenship Acts. These outline the changing basis for Irish citizenship: many argue that the changes were a specific response to growing levels of migration (Lentin 2007a; White and Gilmartin 2008

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
Conflict with minorities

post-imperial state therefore not only lacked the capacity to enforce a monopoly over legitimate violence, it also failed to overcome the challenges of establishing a stable nation among its culturally diverse population. Although the PRC recognised itself as a multi-ethnic state of fifty-six ‘nationalities’ ( minzu ), including the Han or Chinese, pledged to support minority rights and established so

in Violence and the state
French denaturalisation law on the brink of World War II

example, in Syria. As denaturalisation is exposed as a political tool that would allegedly appease a feeling of insecurity, nationality law becomes a salient political area where [citizenship] and security work together to separate those with the right to security from those who are excluded from it – the former by granting and

in Security/ Mobility