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), industrial (Das Ich), medieval (In Extremo) to EBM (:wumpscut:). These styles shared a preference for the German language and themes pertaining to darkness and melancholy, death and pain, religious and sexual deviation. The reasons for this Goth appropriation of German culture may be a combination of the country’s cultural heritage, its relation to the gothic genre and Germany’s military history. Bands like

in Globalgothic
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Relationships and the home

1950s and 1960s. See NSA, HCC (C456), F1328–F1330, Rene Sawyer; NSA, HCC (C456), F2158–F2163, Sharley McLean; NSA, HCC (C456), F2088, Diana Chapman; NSA, HCC (C456), F1918–F1924, Olive Ager; NSA, HCC (C456), F1359–F1360, Margaret Cranch. See NSA, HCC (C456), F2109, Cynthia Reid. This group later broke away to form the lesbian social organisation Kenric – see Chapter 5. Winner, ‘Homosexuality in women’, p. 219. Caprio, Female Homosexuality, pp. 60–1; Eustace Chesser, The Human Aspects of Sexual Deviation (London: Jarrolds Publishers, 1971), p. 174. Robert Aldrich, The

in Tomboys and bachelor girls

’s conclusions was a primary motivation in the writing of these reviews. In this sense, the magazine was apparently regarded as a supportive ‘space’ in which 146 Tomboys and bachelor girls lesbians could express and share their emotional reactions to negative stereotyping by the medical profession. Thus, a review of American psychologist Daniel Cappon’s Toward an Understanding of Homosexuality claimed: ‘The book is an epitome of all the most grotesque clichés about homosexuality.’47 Adopting a different style, a review of Anthony Storr’s Sexual Deviation by ‘a woman

in Tomboys and bachelor girls

of acquisitive crime from her more experienced fellow trainees, but she can learn more of sexual deviations. Sex, sport and crime, in that order, form 74% of the main subjects of conversation in boys’ borstals (Leitch) and certainly sex and crime appear to be the most popular topics among girls.29 While these accounts suggest an increasing tendency to interpret crushes as sexual and potentially lesbian in the post-war decades, concerns were exacerbated by attitudes toward the sexuality of older girls and single woman teachers. In his 1945 work on sex education

in Tomboys and bachelor girls
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Family, school and antenatal education

equipped to handle the teaching of sex education.20 during the 1970s sex education in schools was increasingly influenced by progressive educational pedagogies.21 For instance Jane Pilcher has shown how advice contained within the 1977 edition of the handbook on the teaching of sex education was wholly transformed. For the first time the importance of educating both boys and girls about the experiences  59  modern motherhood of the other sex during puberty was emphasised; masturbation, contraception, venereal diseases, ‘sexual deviations’ (an implicit discussion of

in Modern motherhood
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, illustrated by Michael Ebner,17 of forty-four homosexuals, subsequently sentenced to confino, when directing the police at Catania in 1939, may have been a consequence of his identification with fascist theory on sexualdeviation’, but may also have been the result of his personal prejudices, upon which the regime was able to play in order to fulfil its race policies. Ebner suggests that Molina’s emphasis in a general report to Rome on the risks posed by homosexuality in Catania to the ‘health and improvement of the race’ was somewhat contrasted by rather more mundane

in Mussolini’s policemen