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Geographies of the post-boom era
Denis Linehan and Caroline Crowley

. Sally Daly picks up on the theme of Ireland’s new migrants to query other manifestations of place, experience and identity in the context of horticultural production in Chapter 3, ‘Migrants in the fields: making work pay’. Public discourse and policy debates on immigration highlight the role of migrants in filling labour and skill shortages, especially in those jobs that grew increasingly unattractive to Irish workers during the boom. Drawing upon her ethnographic research into horticulture, an increasingly specialised and technologised agricultural sub

in Spacing Ireland
Food and wine as cultural signifiers
Brian Murphy

of the Tourism Sector at the end of 1998 recorded a 16 per cent increase in the number of restaurants in Ireland in the space of just two years with a commensurate employee shortfall estimated at 5,632 (CHL Consulting 2000). ‘This acute skills shortage is put down variously to anti-­social hours, low wages and burn out – all of which, in turn, contribute to the increasingly prevalent perception of the industry as a short term, transitory career option’ (O’Neill 1998). One must qualify this with the fact that there was an abundance of available employment in

in From prosperity to austerity
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The place of migration
Mary Gilmartin and Allen White

, ‘migrant labour will be part of the solution to Europe’s future labour and skills shortages’ (2010: 24). The Reflection Group specifically highlighted the need for ‘skilled immigrants’, and this points out a second way in which migration matters in contemporary Europe. The borders of Europe are increasingly fortified against most migrants from outside the EU, with only those migrants classified as ‘skilled’ welcome in the EU. Some commentators describe this as ‘Fortress Europe’, or alternatively as a ‘gated community’ (Van Houtum and Pijpers, 2007), and suggest that the

in Migrations
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Gill Allwood and Khursheed Wadia

paradigm, longsettled migrants in Britain (of whom many acquire British nationality) are referred to as black and ethnic minority (BME) communities or populations in legislative and policy documents and in academic writing. If the term ‘immigrant’ is used at all, it is to refer to ‘new’ or ‘third wave’ migrants to Britain – i.e. labour migrants from the EU, labour migrants from third countries recruited to plug a skills shortage in a particular sector of the economy and to asylum seekers and refugees (see Chapter 2). Third, in France two terms are in frequent use

in Refugee women in Britain and France
Philip J. O’Connell

regulate access to the labour market as well as the bundle of rights that can be exercised by different groups. One example of such regulation is that all nationals of the European Economic Area (EEA), which includes all EU nationals, may migrate to Ireland and take up employment without restriction. Non-EEA nationals are subject to managed migration policy that is designed to meet labour needs from within the EU and to rely upon the Employment Permit system to meet identified skills shortages, most in highly skilled occupations. The Employment Permit system has been

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
The resurgence of Route 128 in Massachusetts
Michael H. Best

engineers and technologists to convert the innovative ideas into production capabilities. As shown in figure 9.3 the role of tertiary education is critical for producing a pool of engineers and technologists to convert innovative ideas sparked by the internal growth dynamic of entrepreneurial firms into viable products on the scale and in the form required for regional growth. An inelastic skill base will translate into skill shortages and wage pressures thereby choking growth and eroding regional competitiveness. Industrial development depends upon this process of labour

in Market relations and the competitive process
The restructuring of work in Britain
Louise Amoore

:19 PM Globalisation contested 80 within the firm and led to talk of skills shortages in Britain (Marsden, 1995; Rubery, 1999). The ad-hoc and management-led character of the programme, coupled with the division of workers along skilled/unskilled and core/contract lines, has arguably stifled consultation and innovation in the workforce, producing a ‘low trust’ environment (Lane, 1997; Rubery, 1993: 11–12).7 The in-built paradox here, even viewed from a neo-liberal or business perspective, is that skills flexibility within the firm requires investment in training

in Globalisation contested
Gregor Gall

think it’s the rate for the job.’75 Skill shortages, strategic leverage and bargaining strategy Under Crow’s leadership, the RMT sought to exploit skill shortages and increased rail passenger numbers to better its members’ wages and conditions.76 In 2002, the government recognised shortages of 900 drivers, 800 signallers and 1,200 track-layers.77 These had developed since privatisation as companies cut staff and, rather than train new staff, poached staff from competitors. The RMT strategy was to target particular TOCs and contractors in order to engage in ‘pattern

in Bob Crow: Socialist, leader, fighter
John Holt & Co. (Liverpool) Ltd as a contemporary free-standing company, 1945–2006
Stephanie Decker

Murden as the height of Liverpool’s postwar golden age, with unemployment at an all-time low around the middle of the decade and the port enjoying record figures for cargo throughput in 1965. 59 While business in Liverpool continued to perform well, it was clear that its economic prospects were poor – a skills shortage coupled with long-term unemployment added to the structural problems of a port which contended

in The empire in one city?
Presenting the GenderImmi data set
Anna Boucher

countries and visas fail to recognise care work and other forms of emotional labour as skilled labour. In some countries, such as Ireland and the UK, care work has been removed from skill shortage lists. How do the data presented in this chapter fit together to map a picture of gender patterns in skilled immigration policies across the OECD? Does the analysis reveal exemplars and laggards in terms of attention gender issues in skilled immigration policy? Table  2.3 provides a summarised index of gender awareness, which aggregates all binary variables considered in this

in Gender, migration and the global race for talent