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The making of a nurse, writer, and activist
Lea M. Williams

development of her working life reveals that nursing allowed her to hone her skills as a researcher, a writer, an executive, and an activist while engaging with crusades focused on public health issues and political rights for women. Like many women of her period La Motte found her way into the public eye through participation in “caring causes,” shaping her professional self by speaking, writing, and advocating on behalf of others while using what she learned to build a career and an independent existence for herself. In 1928, thirty

in Ellen N. La Motte
Canadian military nurses at Petrograd, 1915–17
Cynthia Toman

6 Eyewitnesses to revolution: Canadian military nurses at Petrograd, 1915–17 Cynthia Toman Sir Edward Kemp, Minister of the Overseas Military Forces of Canada, wrote in 1919 that ‘it is impossible to divorce the Medical Services from the rest of the military machine which it serves’.1 It was also impossible to divorce the Medical Services from the ­political machine that it served as an embedded part of the armed forces. Political alliances were not always clear or consistent during the First World War, and Russia had a particularly uneasy relationship with

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953
Vicky Long

2 INSECURE PROFESSIONALS AND THE PUBLIC The relationship between psychiatrists and their patients, explored in the previous chapter, dominated the historiography of madness and psychiatry for many years. Yet examining other occupational groups provides an insight into the complexities of mental healthcare politics, demonstrating the impact of the economic and political climate on professional strategies, and revealing the interconnected fates of different professional groups. Over the course of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, a number of occupational

in Destigmatising mental illness?
The impact of the campaign for professional status on nurses’ health, 1890–1914
Debbie Palmer

hospitals were shaped by the professionalisation of nursing. Nursing was drawn into the political spotlight at the end of the nineteenth century. The campaign for nurse registration began in 1887, prompting doctors and nurses to redefine nurses’ work and place in the hospital hierarchy: commentators often supported their arguments for and against change with reference to nurses’ health. As we will see, supporters and opponents of registration had very different ideas about the organisation of nursing. These ideas not only shaped national nurse organisations’ strategies

in Who cared for the carers?
Hajj, cholera and Spanish–Moroccan regeneration, 1890–99
Francisco Javier Martínez

-day state of Mogador Island. quarantined. The leading role of international health bodies and foreign doctors in this process has led to the belief that this was solely a consequence of European imperialism. Thus, Michael C. Low has argued that the real or perceived political and sanitary risks Europeans attached to the Hajj merged in a pathologising narrative of ‘twin infection’ by PanIslamism and epidemics which stood behind Europe’s mounting intervention in Islamic countries in that period.5 Actually, we think this narrative was also appropriated by local Islamic

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
La Motte and nursing, 1898–1913
Lea M. Williams

understand and use the abilities of experts such as La Motte, discarding the perception of the nurse as a “domestic servant.” 27 La Motte further distances the nurse from this image of a domestic drudge when she praises the “directress” of the Hôpital Général in Rheims, France, whom she describes as “a woman of great executive ability.” 28 She applauds the woman for organizing “as a first step in the reform [of the hospital] a violent crusade against dirt.” 29 Having visited the hospital two years earlier, La Motte gives

in Ellen N. La Motte
Julian M. Simpson

of a South Asian practitioner and the availability of work in a practice staffed by a Central European doctor: One Friday in early February, after the Juma—​the Friday midday prayer—​one Pakistani gentleman took me to the Leicester Executive Council Office [an administrative body responsible for local general practice]. Some members of the Pakistani and Indian community were requesting me repeatedly to enter into general practice as there was not an Asian doctor in the city, and the sizeable Asian community was finding it quite difficult to manage. As requested, I

in Migrant architects of the NHS
Teaching medical history to medical students
Frank Huisman

-President of the Executive Board of the University Medical Center Utrecht; W. Mijnhardt, Professor in Comparative History of Science at Utrecht University and Director of its Descartes Center for the History and Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities; H. Dijstelbloem, Professor of Philosophy of Science and Politics at the University of Amsterdam and Senior Research Fellow at the Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy

in Communicating the history of medicine
Vanessa Heggie

6 ) in 1935, and the National Fitness Council which ran from 1937–39, a consequence of the Physical Training and Recreation Act of 1937 which aimed to increase the availability of sites for exercise. 12 Thirdly, and finally, there was international pressure. Although the zenith of ‘sports as sublimated war’ did not come until the 1950s, and was a reflection of Cold War politics, the 1930s and 1940s saw the first stirrings of a newly competitive international sporting scene. It was in the Olympic Games of the 1930s and 1940s that doping and gender fraud first

in A history of British sports medicine
Burn-out and the paradigm of stress
Jill Kirby

associated notion of rapid change has been raised in earlier chapters, and undoubtedly could be tracked back to the nineteenth century and perhaps earlier, she made her remark in a Britain that was undergoing significant political, economic, social and technological transformations, affecting the everyday lives of ordinary people. 2 Her comment reflected a significant public discourse of work and stress, seen in newspapers, television and, increasingly during the late 1980s and 1990s, in the burgeoning stress management industry. This was a

in Feeling the strain