New interdisciplinary essays
Editor: Max Silverman

Frantz Fanon's Peau noire, masques blancs (Black Skin, White Masks) was published by the Paris-based publishing house Editions du Seuil in 1952 when Fanon was twenty-seven. This book first develops the theme of the francophone contextualisation of Peau noire by concentrating on the specifically Martinican references in the text which have either been effaced or distorted in subsequent representations of Fanon. By retrieving the specific cultural and historical significance attached to particular linguistic items in the text, the book reveals the unconscious traces of a history which Fanon consciously wants to expunge. It is precisely the question of expunging the past. The book argues that Fanon's desire for a violent rupture with the past and a new beginning rules out the possibility of a Creole conception of Caribbean history and culture associated today with the writers. The book also situates Peau noire in the context of racism in metropolitan France and explores different aspects of Fanon's engagement with Sartre in Peau noire. It focuses specifically on the relationship between anti-Semitism and anti-Black racism, and discusses Fanon's engagement with another of Sartre's texts, 'Orphée noir'. The book further discusses Fanon's engagement with Sartre and the tension between universalism and particularism. Finally, it concentrates on studies of the psychic, existential and political dimensions of racial ideology in Peau noire.

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and validity of specialist knowledge, scientific reason, monopolized by a minority ‘liberal elite’, in comparison with the everyday experiences and opinions of the majority of citizens. On the international stage, it relates to the authority of universalist conceptions of human rights and of structures of governance in comparison with societal practices in culturally different contexts. Phenomenology emerged in the specific intellectual, socio-political and cultural conditions of Austria and Germany between 1900 and 1940. This book suggests that the transfer of

in The Bourdieu paradigm

can be helpful, the full force of the problem of categorisation is better addressed by turning to the position given to aesthetics by phenomenology. This takes the problem of categorisation down to the level of how categories can be applied to experience when conventional, subject−object frameworks have been suspended. Drawing on phenomenology, I argue that our status as Daseins, beings whose nature is always, already constructed by the environment around us, makes prominent the role of the senses, indexicality and metaphor in the organisation of experience, and

in Extending ecocriticism
Open Access (free)
Sustainability, subject and necessity in Yann Martel’s Life of Pi

phenomenology and the speculative real. I then turn to considering Life of Pi’s emphasis on a human-centred stance, alongside its apparent recalibrating of the subject horizon as a sustainable world is engendered. Sustainability and the human project A number of sustainability’s tensions and paradoxes and their nuances have been teased out across the essays in this collection. This final essay considers sustainability from the perspective of opacity itself. That is, it addresses the issue that sustainability is premised upon projected notions that are variously indistinct or

in Literature and sustainability
Listening in/to Tim Robinson

knowing a place’.16 After Heidegger, the phenomenology of listening is taken up by a number of other philosophers, most notably Eugène Minkowski, Gaston Bachelard and Jean-Luc Nancy. In his book Vers une cosmologie (1936), Minkowsky discussed a new dynamic and vital category, a new property of the universe: reverberation … It is as though the sound of a hunting horn, reverberating everywhere through its echo, made the tiniest leaf, the tiniest wisp of moss shudder in a common movement and transformed the whole forest, filling it to its limits, into a vibrating, sonorous

in Unfolding Irish landscapes
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, feminism, phenomenology, art history and ethnography, have also been drawn on by film theorists in recent years. In this process of connection with important intellectual disciplines and traditions, ‘classical’ realist film theory also has an important role to play, because the approaches developed by the classical realist theorists are directly linked to historically important traditions of thought, including those of Kant

in Realist film theory and cinema
Towards interpretive pluralism

approach which addresses accounts of narrative identity does much to capture the social, cultural and ontological assumptions which inform our interpretation of war. This chapter stems from the recent contributions to theoretical debate by focusing on a turn in IR which is concerned with meaning, and which is tied into the real world relations of global politics through narratives.1 The chapter begins by acknowledging the role of radical phenomenology as one root of interpretivism – which in turn has influenced narrative. The following sections address the theme of

in Contemporary violence
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The opposition of structure and agency

conflict and Human agents and social structures 9 power. Thus, to take a recent example, Kirchberg suggests that ‘the “subjectivity” of existentialism, phenomenology and symbolic interactionism neglects undeniable forces like political power structures’ (Kirchberg, 2007: 118; but on this see Dennis and Martin, 2005: 192–194, or Denzin, 1992: 56–63). So it is to the so-called ‘microsociologies’ that we now turn. ‘Micro’ sociological perspectives It is worth pausing to consider three distinctively sociological approaches which have – unjustifiably, in our view – been

in Human agents and social structures

acquire symbolic capital but also to shape what is collectively recognised as such. Thus, the tabloid press can be seen to be not only forces of marketisation, but engaged in a strategy to remould the terms of cultural legitimacy according to principles of populism and anti-elitism. How are fields lived? Bourdieu and phenomenology If all of this appears more political economical than phenomenological, this is indicative of the mix of quantitative and qualitative approaches that Bourdieu deploys. Field maps based on exhaustive data collection have taken on a certain

in The politics of war reporting
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, because, as will be argued in Chapter 6 , evidence always ‘underdetermines’ theory. 8 It can also be argued that much recent critical reassessment aspires to recover Kracauer against a backdrop advocacy of postmodernist criticism and phenomenology, rather than realism; and also that it is such theoretical allegiance which leads to the derogation of Theory of Film in favour of the Weimar writings, and to a raising up of a

in Realist film theory and cinema