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Zheng Yangwen

Margin (Hong Kong: Commercial Press, 1963). 8 Lawrence D. Kessler, The Jiangyin Mission Station: An American Missionary Community in China, 1895–1951 (Durham: University of North Carolina Press, 1996). 9 The film was called 55 Days at Peking and starred Charlton Heston, Ava Gardner and David Niven. 10 Mary Hooker, Behind the Scenes in Peking (London: John Murray, 1910), pp. 38–39. 11 Oberlin College is a small liberal arts college in Ohio, USA; the Shanxi Memorial Arch on campus serves as a reminder of this episode of history

in Ten Lessons in Modern Chinese History
Abstract only
Plain tales and hill stations
Margaret Rachel Beetham

referred to as the “Princess of Hill stations” and is a popular tourist destination…   Being one of the most well known hill stations of India, the sylvan beauty on the upper palani hills lines its south near Madurai in Tamil Nadu. With its rocks, woods, lovely lake and bracing air, Kodaikanal is an ideal hill resort…1 The picture looked just like the old postcard Rachel still had in her desk.2 137 Displacements She scrolled down and found: Kodai is situated at an altitude of about 2,133-m high … Established in the year 1845, Kodaikanal then saw settlement by American

in Writing otherwise
Open Access (free)
Identities and incitements
Saurabh Dube

work on the evangelical enterprise in central India underscores that American missionaries in the region borrowed from the governmental modalities and cartographic practices of Her Majesty’s imperial administration in order to elaborate a rather distinct vision and practice, space and time, of “the Empire of Christ.” 12 Finally, K. Sivaramakrishnan’s study of the construal of the colonial state, the

in Subjects of modernity
Deciding against regulation in West Africa
Richard Philips

Africa generally engage in social purity politics, as some of their colleagues did elsewhere. For example, whereas many Wesleyan Methodists in England and Australia supported purity campaigns, 10 their counterparts in Africa concentrated on what they regarded as more fundamental projects, concerned with basic evangelism, education and cultural reform – attempting to divert Africans from many of their traditional pratices and customary ‘vices’. 11 English and American missionaries and temperance activists visited from time to

in Sex, politics and empire
Abstract only
The return migration of the Fellowship of the Maple Leaf
Marilyn J. Barber

of church congregations and home mission supporters. 6 Nor was Canada excluded from British missionary endeavour, even in the inter-war years when both religious and imperial commitments were declining. At the same time as Canadian Protestant churches participated in the Anglo-American missionary effort by sending missionaries to Asia, British missionaries of the Church of England were moving back and forth between the United Kingdom and western Canada. 7 These Church of England workers should be considered not as

in Emigrant homecomings
Domestic tension and political antagonism in the home, 1910s–1930s
Claire Lowrie

Southern African Studies , 27: 3 (2001), p. 460; Vincente L. Rafael, ‘Colonial Domesticity: White Women and United States Rule in the Philippines’, American Literature , 67: 4 (1995), p. 642; Stoler, Carnal Knowledge , p. 33; Patricia Grimshaw, Paths of Duty: American Missionary Wives in Nineteenth-Century Hawaii (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989), p. xii; Janice

in Masters and servants
India, China, and Japan
Nathan G. Alexander

clashed in public debate with Denis Kearney, an Irish American leader of the anti-Chinese movement. Born in China, Wong lived with an American missionary family from a young age and became a Christian. When he moved to the United States, his Christian faith was gradually eroded. He attended the National Liberal 132 The wise men of the East League convention, organized by the leading American freethinker Robert Ingersoll, in 1879. It is possible that Wong met Ingersoll there, since Wong raved about the convention in a subsequent interview and said Ingersoll was “doing

in Race in a Godless World
The iconography of Anglo-American inter-imperialism
Stephen Tuffnell

, and professionals overseas took form within the British Empire. Under the protection of the Pax Britannica they could take advantage of British transportation and communication networks; join the social institutions established by British settler colonists; and acquire first-hand knowledge of investment opportunities. 54 In part, this was a form of imperial competition; as US businesses competed for British contracts and American missionaries often hoped to extend American standards to other Anglo-Saxons in

in Comic empires
Heike Wieters

Elizabeth Underwood, Challenged Identities. North American Missionaries in Korea, 1884– 1934 , Seoul, 2003. 18 CARE, Box 1170, MECM, April 9, 1947; CARE, Box 944, undated, Douglas MacArthur to Paul French. 19 CARE, Box 2, Bloomstein manuscript, draft

in The NGO CARE and food aid From America, 1945–80
Caroline Reeves

, Champions of Charity ( Boulder : Westview Press , 1996 ), pp. 40 – 3 . This debate continues today; see, for example, L. Polman , War Games: The Story of Aid and War in Modern Times ( London : Viking , 2011 ). 14 North China Herald (7 December 1894), p. 931. 15 North China Herald (22 March 1895), p. 445. 16 V. P. Suvoong, ‘Medicine in China’, China Medical Missionary Journal , 8:4 (December 1894), 192–9 (p. 199). 17 Atterbury, ‘Red Cross Work in Tientsin’, p. 214; H. Corbett, ‘China’s Claim upon the Church in America’, Missionary Review of the World

in The Red Cross Movement