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Open Access (free)
Mia-Marie Hammarlin

understand this change, which has created greener pastures for fabricated news and conspiracy theories. There is doubtless a need for research geared to contributing to increased knowledge and awareness of the moral issues and problem complexes that follow in the wake of the transformed opportunities for gossip, the spreading of rumours, talk-in-text hybrids, and other types of orality in the digital media environment. It should be added that scandal audiences have been given far too little attention so far. In order to understand mediated scandals in depth, we must

in Exposed
Abstract only
A civilian airliner in the firing line
Kees van der Pijl

 War process, he writes, is one ‘which habitually resorts to decision-​making and enforcement procedures outside as well as inside those publicly sanctioned by law and society’. Deep political analysis, because its object is shrouded in secrecy, ‘enlarges traditional structuralist analysis to include indeterminacies analogous to those which are studied in chaos theory’.7 Too often, consideration of the political netherworld is dismissed as conspiracy theory. But the fact that there is an abundant supply of simplistic conspiracy theories cannot be an excuse for not

in Flight MH17, Ukraine and the new Cold War
Fact, fiction, and film
Kevin J. Harty

– which have received generally positive reviews, at least from readers on Amazon – suggest, in their order of publication, Templar involvement in almost every American fabulist tale and conspiracy theory imaginable, including claims for the true location of the Ark of the Covenant and for the lost continent of Atlantis somewhere in North America. 31 Based on this novel and co-written by Brody and Michael Carr, the 2013 film The American Templars examines (according to blurb Carr supplied to IMDb) the possibility that a group of Knights Templar explored New

in From Iceland to the Americas
Shakespeare’s other (smarter) audience
Steve Sohmer

, 1979 ); Clare Asquith, Shadowplay: The Hidden Beliefs and Coded Politics of William Shakespeare (New York: Public Affairs, 2005 ); Gerald M. Pinciss, Forbidden Matter: Religion in the Drama of Shakespeare and his Contemporaries (Newark: University of Deleware Press, 2000 ), and one less familiar and little but dandy psychological/conspiracy theory

in Shakespeare for the wiser sort
Open Access (free)
Northern Irish fiction after the Troubles
Neal Alexander

more sceptical than McNamee’s of the value or legitimacy of paranoia in the contemporary period, even as they recognise the enduring currency of conspiracy theories for popular understandings of the Troubles: ‘Someone had once quipped to Avery that Northern Ireland divided into two camps, those who believed conspiracy theories and those who thought they were being put around to make us all paranoid.’38 The humorous deflation involved here accords with Avery’s matter-of-fact conviction regarding moral certainties – his favourite biblical quotation is from Romans 14

in Irish literature since 1990
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

. This is not, for the conspiracy theorist, the straightforward hate figure of the left. Rather, it is a character, or more importantly a group, to which all western governments are secretly in hock: unbelievably rich and powerful, and dedicated unswervingly to its own project, which is nothing less than the complete control of the world. Yes: Zionists are basically Spectre. (David Baddiel, ‘Short of a Conspiracy Theory? You

in Antisemitism and the left
Film, television drama and the Northern Irish conflict in Britain
John Hill

referring to his death as a result of an Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) car-bomb in 1979. Neave was widely credited with masterminding the election of Margaret Thatcher as Conservative leader and, due to his secret service connections, his name was also associated with an alleged plot to overthrow Harold Wilson’s Labour government (alluded to, for example, in Ken Loach’s 1990 film Hidden Agenda in which the political conspirator Alec Nevin represents a thinly disguised version of Neave). Utopia, however, draws upon rather different conspiracy theories relating to

in The Northern Ireland Troubles in Britain
Steven Kettell

, both 23 March 2004. 9/11 Commission Report, paras 6.4–6.5. G. Arney, ‘US “planned attack on Taleban”’, BBC News, 18 September 2001; J. Steele, E. MacAskill, R. Norton-Taylor and E. Harriman, ‘Threat of US strikes passed to Taliban weeks before NY attack’, Guardian, 22 September 2001; D. Cave, ‘The conspiracy theory that wouldn’t die’, 15 August 2002,, accessed 9 November 2010. D. Cave, ‘The conspiracy theory that wouldn’t die’, 15 August 2002, com, accessed 9 November 2010. J-C. Brisard and D. Corn, ‘Debating September 11’, The

in New Labour and the new world order
Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson and Roiyah Saltus

-makers we interviewed remarked, ‘while the Treasury might be believed on its growth figures, it will never be believed on its economic impacts of immigration’. A study conducted on belief in conspiracy theories across the UK population found that 55 per cent of people believe the statement ‘UK Government is hiding the truth about the number of immigrants living here’ is probably or definitely true, compared to only 25 per cent believing it is

in Go home?
Peter Lake

not merely willing agents and allies of the Guise and zealous Catholics, willing to risk everything in order to rescue their country from heresy and Mary from prison, to conspirators as ludicrous as Dr Parry and unlikely as Dr Lopez. What was at stake in these exchanges was not a theoretical, freestanding debate about the rights and wrongs, the proper limits on and privileges of, ‘free speech’ but rather the use of the allegedly pressing threats represented by these rival conspiracy theories, as legitimations for orgies of truth-telling designed to persuade a series

in Freedom of speech, 1500–1850