Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

71 countries registering a reduction in political rights and civil liberties ( Freedom House, 2018 ). All of which puts the viability of global liberal institutions increasingly in doubt. This idea of a protected place where, regardless of one’s identity (ethnicity, nationality, religion, gender, sexuality, but also whether or not one is a dissident), one’s basic rights are secure is constitutively liberal. As fewer and fewer governments, and more and more people, view the existence of such a sanctuary within society as fanciful, illegitimate and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

premature mortality, threatening the very existence of people ( Corvalen et al. , 2005 ; IPBES, 2019 ; McMichael et al. , 2006 ; McMichael and Bennett, 2016 ; Whitmee et al. , 2015 ). In 2015, pollution was responsible for ‘three times more deaths than from AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria combined and fifteen times more than from all wars and other forms of violence’ ( Landrigan et al. , 2017 : 1). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) ( Smith et

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

, who echoed Kuschner’s claims of corruption and of UNRWA’s very existence perpetuating the conflict (cited in Lynch and Gramer, 2018 ). However, many other Israeli and non-Israeli commentators have remained highly critical of the human and security implications of the cuts for Palestinians and the Middle East ( Bachner, 2018 ; Levy, 2018 ). 4 The US Administration has declared its plans to ‘strip [millions of] Palestinians of their refugee status’ ( Lynch and Gramer, 2018 ). See Akram (2018) for a refutation of the assumption

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor: Howard Chiang

This collection expands the history of Chinese medicine by bridging the philosophical concerns of epistemology and the history and cultural politics of transregional medical formations. Topics range from the spread of gingko’s popularity from East Asia to the West to the appeal of acupuncture for complementing in-vitro fertilization regimens, from the modernization of Chinese anatomy and forensic science to the evolving perceptions of the clinical efficacy of Chinese medicine.

The individual essays cohere around the powerful theoretical-methodological approach, “historical epistemology,” with which scholars in science studies have already challenged the seemingly constant and timeless status of such rudimentary but pivotal dimensions of scientific process as knowledge, reason, argument, objectivity, evidence, fact, and truth. Yet given that landmark studies in historical epistemology rarely navigate outside the intellectual landscape of Western science and medicine, this book broadens our understanding of its application and significance by drawing on and exploring the rich cultures of Chinese medicine. In studying the globalizing role of medical objects, the contested premise of medical authority and legitimacy, and the syncretic transformations of metaphysical and ontological knowledge, contributors illuminate how the breadth of the historical study of Chinese medicine and its practices of knowledge-making in the modern period must be at once philosophical and transnational in scope.

This book will appeal to students and scholars working in science studies and medical humanities as well as readers who are interested in the broader problems of translation, material culture, and the global circulation of knowledge.

Author: Thomas Osborne

This book is concerned with the scope of cultural theory in its modern, it might even be said in its modernist, form. The three thinkers under most consideration in the book are Theodor Adorno, Michel Foucault and Pierre Bourdieu, who might hardly be seen as representatives of cultural theory per se if that enterprise is taken to be what it should often taken to be. The book starts with Adorno (1903-1969) not just because his work is an apt way to introduce further some very basic themes of the book: in particular those of critical autonomy and educationality. Adorno's reflections on art and culture are contributions to the ethical understanding of autonomy, emphasising the importance of the cultivation of critical reflection. The argument here is that he is, rather, an ethico-critical theorist of democracy and a philosopher of hope. The book then situates the work of Michel Foucault (1926-1984), in other ways so different from Adorno, in terms of a broadly, if minimally, parallel agenda in modern cultural theory. It outlines some of the importance of Foucault's notion of an 'aesthetics of existence' in relation to his work as a whole. It further invokes related themes in the work of Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002). Finally, it moves things in a different direction, towards postmodernism, invoking the increasing role of the cultural and aesthetic dimension in contemporary experience that is often taken as a central aspect of the postmodern turn.

Elite European migrants in the British Empire
Author: Panikos Panayi

While most of the Germans who suffered expulsion during the First World War lived within British shores, the Royal Navy brought Germans from throughout the world to face incarceration in the their network of camp. This book offers a new interpretation of global migration from the early nineteenth until the early twentieth century. It examines the elite German migrants who progressed to India, especially missionaries, scholars and scientists, businessmen and travellers. The book investigates the reasons for the migration of Germans to India. An examination of the realities of German existence in India follows. It then examines the complex identities of the Germans in India in the century before the First World War. The role of the role of racism, orientalism and Christianity is discussed. The stereotypes that emerged from travelogues include: an admiration of Indian landscapes; contempt for Hinduism; criticism of the plight of women; and repulsion at cityscapes. The book moves to focus upon the transformation which took place as a result of this conflict, mirroring the plight of Germans in other parts of the world. The marginalisation which took place in 1920 closely mirrored the plight of the German communities throughout the British Empire. The unique aspect of the experience in India consisted of the birth of a national identity. Finally, the book places the experience of the Germans in India into four contexts: the global history of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; German history; history of the British Empire in India; and Indian history.

Thomas Osborne

Culture and subjectivation – Interpretations – Power – Creative singularity – Aesthetics of existence – Relevance – Truthfulness and ressentiment – Art and creativity – Pastoralism, bio-power and the artistic life – Asceticism – Creative ethics – Political ethos – Resistance – Liberalism as critique – Culture – Critical virtue – Educationality and style Michel Foucault wrote next to nothing specifically about the concept of culture, did not publish too much about art and barely addressed in a direct way the specific issue of creativity. He is

in The structure of modern cultural theory
Abstract only
A memory restored
Isaac Stephens

relationship and yet could also challenge his familial authority, perhaps no more dramatically than by choosing to never marry. On pondering this, we look about the church and are reminded of another key figure for Elizabeth – God, the one to whom she addressed her voice and confessed her sins in the spiritual autobiography that represented a testament to her belief in the active presence of his divine will in her life. As we step down from the chancel and return through the nave, we further reflect on how both God and her family defined much of her existence, coming to

in The gentlewoman’s remembrance
Shayne Aaron Legassie

image of the Virgin at Woolpit, owed their existence to secular agendas.4 This is not to say that pilgrims did not contribute to the increased demand for roads that characterized late medieval England, but rather that they were one group among many who did so, and very probably not the most important or numerous of those groups, which included royal entourages, armies and people travelling for commercial purposes.5 Enter the anthropologist: strictly speaking, there is such a thing as a pilgrimage road. Victor and Edith Turner’s influential Image and Pilgrimage in

in Roadworks
Abstract only
Laurence Coupe

of artists such as Dylan and the Beatles appears far more substantial than one thought. For, not only did they benefit from the idea that it is possible to use one’s art to help manifest the sacred in the profane, but they also took that idea further than had been possible for the people who influenced them. While I have said from the outset that musicology is not our concern, it has to be acknowledged that the power of popular song to make the spiritual dimension of existence seem immediate, and to make complex religious philosophies accessible, gives songwriters

in Beat sound, Beat vision