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Sir Hector Munro of Novar, 1760–1807

with the Gordons proved particularly helpful in assisting Hector’s initial involvement in India and his later domestic reintegration. The Dowager Duchess of Gordon, for instance, secured him a major’s commission in the family regiment, the 89th Highland Regiment, raised in 1759. 47 Rank in a regular line regiment was another common characteristic of Scottish military sojourners in the East. Half of the royal regiments sent to India from 1754 to 1784 were Scottish in origin. 48 A large proportion of Scots

in Emigrant homecomings
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The Scottish military tradition in decline

back only to the British army of 1794, but which, as a highland regiment, implicitly laid claim to cultural antecedents in the warlike clansmen of an earlier, half-imagined era. It is an evident, if little stated, point that the highland traditions of Scotland, the tartan, bagpipes and other trappings, although easily lampooned and cheapened, were and remain thoroughly resilient and culturally

in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century
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been despised as idle, predatory barbarians . . . but after 1746, when their distinct society crumbled so easily, they combined the romance of a primitive people with the charm of an endangered species’.4 Between 1800 and 1846 a series of influences combined both to sentimentalise the Highlander and place the Highlands not simply in the consciousness of the middle and upper classes of Britain but also firmly on the world map. Scott’s Waverley Novels and the heroic deeds of the Highland regiments captured the imagination of Europe. The most distinguished members of

in Clanship to crofters’ war
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The Scottish diaspora since 1707

settlement grew only slowly – a fact mirrored across the American colonies – and it was only after the end of the French and Indian War in 1763 that numbers increased.66 From that point until the 1775 outbreak of the American Revolution an estimated 25,000 Scots settled in America.67 A good number of them were discharged soldiers from regiments such as the 42nd (Black Watch) or the 78th (Fraser’s Highlanders) – among the first Highland regiments to serve in North America, and thus regiments that included many of the first Highlanders to join the British army after the

in British and Irish diasporas

). 76 Diana M. Henderson, Highland Soldier: A Social Study of the Highland Regiments, 1820–1920 , J. Donald, Edinburgh, 1989; Andrew MacKillop, ‘For king and country? The Highland soldiers’ motivation and identity’, in S. Murdoch and A. MacKillop (eds), Fighting for Identity: Scottish Military Experiences, 1550–1900 , Brill, Leiden

in Serving the empire in the Great War
Glasgow – imperial municipality

. Highlanders, even if they were increasingly city-bred deracinated Highlanders, came to dominate the police force, a martial race policy in miniature. Similarly, the so-called Highland regiments, like the Highland Light Infantry, recruited most of their troops in the city. The Scottish soldier was less the representative of a Highland, pastoral, martial community than of endemically unemployed urban migrant workers. By the end of the century Catholics and Jews were also being recruited into the tartan, pipe-playing ranks. By

in Imperial cities
J.W.M. Hichberger

Front are from a Highland regiment, wearing kilt and busby. One is holding the hand of a sorrowful-looking woman. Her dress is modest but not ragged. There are two pretty small girls whose relation to the other groups is not clear, but who add liveliness. Another Highlander is staring down at his wife and baby. The final group is of a soldier with a very elderly woman, evidently his mother, her head

in Images of the army

, signalled the dawning of a new era in Scottish politics. At least in part, the military contributions of the newly raised Highland regiments heightened the perception of this as a war that had been fought by and for Britons. Moreover, the controversy surrounding the 1757 Militia Act served to indicate a changing emphasis in Scottish politics. The Act excluded Scotland, much to the displeasure of many in the country. While

in Scotland, the Caribbean and the Atlantic world 1750–1820
Navigating gender and collecting objects in India and Scotland, c.1810–50

tour of the Scottish Highlands in the 1830s, mentioned very little of Brahan’s interiors apart from giving detailed descriptions of the portraits. She wrote of Lawrence’s portrait of Francis Humberston Mackenzie in the military dress of his Highland regiment: ‘Here, in full Highland garb, we saw a fine spirited ­portrait … of the late Lord Seaforth, the last chief of that ancient line.’52 In 1916, when Lawrence Weaver wrote a feature on Brahan Castle for Country Life, the portrait was in the same position and led Weaver to opine that ‘Lord Seaforth was a gallant

in Travel and the British country house
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1786 and received a peerage for his services.10 Robert Murray Keith was less fortunate in his efforts to secure peacetime employment. His Highland regiment was disbanded at the end of the Seven Years’ War and he spent the next six years on half pay. Thanks to the friendship of the Elder Pitt and Henry Seymour Conway, not to mention the fact that Robert Keith senior was then Britain’s ambassador to Russia, Keith junior began to contemplate a diplomatic career. In 1769, thanks to Conway’s patronage, Keith became envoy extraordinary to the court of Dresden.11 He would

in The culture of diplomacy