boredom, depression and resentment which a prolonged spell behind barbed wire may have caused for those civilians who encountered it, most soldiers probably preferred this to life in a French trench or a camp on the continent. Perhaps years on the Isle of Man may have represented one of the easiest of German male experiences during the Great War, although we should see it as just one of many evils. The end of the war also had different meanings for soldiers and civilians. Although both groups may have waited in camps for repatriation for up to a year during 1919 as part

in Prisoners of Britain
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under German control, so had to continue up the coast. After a short internment in a school in the Lofoten Islands, which were still in Allied hands, they took another boat to Tromsö, where along with other refugees they boarded the Fridtjof Nansen and sailed to Scotland. After detention in a series of camps he was put on another boat, from Liverpool to the Isle of Man, where he was interned with other ‘enemy aliens’ for over a year and a half. Hutchinson Camp, where Schwitters was held, is on a hill in Douglas, overlooking the sea. (Onchan Camp, where my father spent

in Austerity baby

’ – pilot studies of specific migrations within the broader British context. These constitute closely localised investigations of migrations from districts which produced prolific emigrations to North America as well as to Australasia. There are innumerable candidates and those chosen have been selected for their variety of conditions as well as their relatively rich documentation. They include a number of islands (the Isle of Man, St Kilda, the Channel Islands), some southern rural sites (West Sussex, Cornwall, Shropshire), some remote zones (the West Highlands

in The genesis of international mass migration

the allegations of mistreatment associated with it made to British efforts during the Aden Emergency adds to the debate about the extent to which Britain was responsible for the Emergency’s outcome. Declaration of a State of Emergency Aden State was a colony 73 square miles in size – only one-third of the size of the Isle of Man in the Irish Sea

in Interrogation, intelligence and security

intellectual encouragement to the new school of systematic colonisation. In the second place, Malthus’ positive though less well-known disquisitions on the prodigious possibilities of new lands and colonisation chimed with the increasing optimism of departing emigrants and he may have added a fillip to the time. Malthus’ domestic diagnostics were essentially applicable to those regions which remained closest to the pre-industrial world. In the Isle of Man, for instance, there was a modest and selective evacuation, an agricultural adjustment by way of emigration which helped

in The genesis of international mass migration

.indd 180 3/23/2009 4:12:49 PM Cross-border cooperation and institutions 181 move the Conference agenda away from the ‘nationalist complaints’ perspective. An entirely different body, the British–Irish Council (BIC) added a new dimension to Anglo-Irish cooperation introduced after the Good Friday Agreement. This was the idea of a broad representative body to provide a forum for the UK and Irish Governments, the devolved governments in Northern Ireland and Scotland and Wales together with representatives from the governments of the Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey

in Direct rule and the governance of Northern Ireland
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, art, theatre, writing – to the extent that, as Laharie puts it, the camp was one of the most brilliant cultural centres in the south-west of France. Reading this, of course, I thought about my father’s internment in the Isle of Man in 1940, where art flourished in the camps. Indeed Laharie has edited another volume, subtitled ‘l’art derrière les barbelés’, matching the book I have from the Isle of Man, Art Behind Barbed Wire. (Lisa Fittko also recalled women spending hours on their toilette and makeup, when she was in Gurs in May 1940.) Against this, we must recall

in Austerity baby
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internment in the lead-up to war, heartily endorsed it in May/June 1940 and voiced strong opposition to the scale and speed of releases authorised by the Home Office from September 1940. In the meantime, they attempted to establish a network of informers in different camps on the Isle of Man in order to extend their control over the refugee population. All in all, MI5’s record in the internment crisis of 1940 represents one of its greatest failures and is among the less creditable aspects of its wartime record. Most of the political refugees were Jewish, prompting the

in A matter of intelligence
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‘unionist friendly’, comprising not just a North–South Ministerial Council, but also a British– Irish Council, with devolved administrations in the UK, the Channel Islands and Isle of Man all represented.20 This was a more acceptable settlement for unionists than either Sunningdale or the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement, the latter having given the Republic a consultative role in Northern Ireland’s affairs, without unionist consent.21 The Belfast Agreement also included aspects which republicans insisted on, which were not part of the Sunningdale package. These included

in Template for peace

second payment of the proctorship of the diocese of Winchester, leased as above to William Clerk, to be paid at the start of the term before he collects  £13 10s. And for the first payment of the proctorship of the diocese and province of York and the Isle of Man, leased to John Egylsfeld and others, etc.  £44 And for the first payment of

in Catholic England