164 6 The fragmented legacies of Chartist moral politics The legacy of Chartism’s culture of moral improvement has been a major point of debate for several decades. Initially, Marxist historiography subscribed to the ‘labour aristocracy’ thesis that the elite of the working class were ‘embourgeoised’ by middle-​class Liberals who provided them with increased wages and the vote in order to create a compliant bulwark against other sections of the working class. While the existence of a labour aristocracy as either an elite or a cohesive body has been debunked it

in Popular virtue

will show in the coming chapters, this fear generates many significant moral questions that need to be addressed before societies fully embark on this new path. One of them is linked with the fact that capacity-increasing technologies will allow some soldiers to benefit from advantages over their foes who do not benefit from them. However, as has been argued already, it would be a mistake to conclude automatically that they

in A theory of the super soldier

13 ‘Reluctant Nordics’, ‘reluctant Europeans’, but ‘moral superpowers’? Scandinavia has emerged as a moral superpower by continuously and consistently advocating compliance with global standards of conduct and by working to develop, refine and maintain principles of mutual understanding in world politics. (Ingebritsen 2006: 2) Writing in the 1980s, Bengt Sundelius noted that ‘history seems to indicate that the Nordic countries have failed dramatically when they have tried to undertake some major conspicuous co-operation projects’ (Sundelius 1982: 181). The

in Scandinavian politics today

8 The natural as a moral category Harry Lesser The purposes of nature John Harris has devoted his professional life to the application of reason to ethics. It is therefore appropriate in this Festschrift (to which it is an honour to contribute) to consider which kinds of appeal in moral matters are rational and which are not. One kind of appeal that has been very common, both in everyday life and in several philosophical traditions, is the appeal to what is natural. But there are grounds for maintaining that, despite the prevalence of arguments that a practice

in From reason to practice in bioethics

MUP FINAL PROOF – <STAGE>, 10/29/2013, SPi 3 Moral policemen of the domestic economy Guinness good. Sherry good. No wine. No coal. No petrol. No gas. No electric. No paraffin. John Betjeman, 27 March 1943 From ‘voluntary measures of economy’ to full rationing The shortages John Betjeman grumpily recorded to friends in England highlight the gaps in the Irish supply system. While Betjeman’s government bore much responsibility for the shortages, the role of the Department of Supplies also demands scrutiny. It is surprising that firmer steps were not taken by

in Ireland during the Second World War

chemical composition of unrefined natural gas, the blast radius of pipeline rupture at pressures over 300 bar, price per barrel projections on global markets post-peak oil and the legalities of compulsory purchase orders, what had been initially formulated as ‘beyond belief’ is, by another speaker, rearticulated as familiar, mundane and all too real – at least in terms of the experiences of this community, for whom generations of migration between 70 MORAL ECONOMY rural periphery to global metropolis and back again have made people keenly intelligent and wise to the

in The domestic, moral and political economies of post-Celtic Tiger Ireland
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence

4 Moral discourse and action in relation to the corpse: integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence Jon Shute Introduction: the moral–emotional ‘work’ of serious crime in peacetime and in conflict In stable, late-modern societies, crimes are adjudicated breaches of morality formally defined in law. They are variable in content across place and time, and do not always have a readily identifiable victim or definitions that have the informal moral support of the population; however, many of the most serious offences against the person and property

in Human remains and mass violence
Abstract only
Examining Ireland’s failure to regulate embryonic stem cell research

10 A moral gap? Examining Ireland’s failure to regulate embryonic stem cell research Ciara Staunton Introduction Developments in human biotechnology have created new ethical concerns. Just as the early years of organ transplant technology brought about a change in our concept of death, developments in embryology are challenging our concept of what constitutes life. Progress in medical science has now made it possible not only to create an embryo in a laboratory, but to destroy that same embryo in the course of medical research. While there is great potential for

in Ethical and legal debates in Irish healthcare

Part III The moral legitimacy of parental power In this the final part of the book, I examine some of the moral questions that arise when evaluating parental power. A great deal has been said already about the conceptual and methodological challenges faced when we do evaluate parental power. How then are we to proceed? To start with, we should acknowledge the growing interest among political philosophers in the debate between so-called ideal theory and non-ideal theory. This debate is concerned with whether and to what extent normative political philosophy

in Evaluating parental power
Marie Helena Loughlin

ch a pt e r 1 Religious and Moral Writings Religious and Moral Writings Introduction The condemnation of male and female same-sex sexual acts is embedded in the earliest Christian theology regarding sexuality, heterosexual marriage, and reproduction: human genitalia were created for reproduction, mirroring the creative act of God. Thus, using the genitals for anything other than reproduction was a violation of God’s intentions for the sexual and reproductive organs, of his command to Adam and Eve to ‘be fruitful and multiply’ (Gen. 1.28), and of his larger plan

in Same-Sex Desire in Early Modern England, 1550–1735