A necessary dialogue

The substantive and methodological contributions of professional historians to development policy debates was marginal, whether because of the dominance of economists or the inability of historians to contribute. There are broadly three ways in which history matters for development policy. These include insistence on the methodological principles of respect for context, process and difference; history is a resource of critical and reflective self-awareness about the nature of the discipline of development itself; and history brings a particular kind of perspective to development problems . After establishing the key issues, this book explores the broad theme of the institutional origins of economic development, focusing on the cases of nineteenth-century India and Africa. It demonstrates that scholarship on the origins of industrialisation in England in the late eighteenth century suggests a gestation reaching back to a period during which a series of social institutional innovations were pioneered and extended to most citizens of England. The book examines a paradox in China where an emphasis on human welfare characterized the rule of the eighteenth-century Qing dynasty, and has been demonstrated in modern-day China's emphasis on health and education. It provides a discussion on the history of the relationship between ideology and policy in public health, sanitation in India's modern history and the poor health of Native Americans. The book unpacks the origins of public education, with a focus on the emergency of mass literacy in Victorian England and excavates the processes by which colonial education was indigenized throughout South-East Asia.

Marxism and post-modernity

6 The present as history:1 Marxism and post-modernity Among intellectuals it has gradually become fashionable to greet any profession of faith in Marxism with ironical disdain.2 A theme revisited by almost all of the authors discussed in this book is that the study of history should inform contemporary emancipatory practice. This is not to suggest that areas of research such as medieval history, to take an example suggested by Charles Clarke when he was Tony Blair’s philistine secretary of state for education and skills, are politically irrelevant; far from it

in Reflections on the Marxist theory of history
The historian’s dilemmas in a time of health-care reform

knew my argument would centre on the United States’ long history of refusing to adopt universal health care. Even if the ACA continued as planned and was fully implemented, at least 20 million residents of the United States would remain without health coverage (many more if some states refused to expand Medicaid, the health-insurance programme for the poor). No matter the outcome, my analysis would focus on the limited and incremental nature

in Communicating the history of medicine

VII W.G. Hoskins and the founding of modern local history In the years prior to the Second World War local history struggled to maintain its credibility with the community of professional historians who concerned themselves with politics, the state, and constitutional matters. Local studies were seen as a means of contributing to the understanding of these issues, but in themselves they were considered to have value only as contributions to antiquarian study. Local history gained acceptance only within economic history. After 1945 much was to change

in Writing local history

range of settings from medical schools to sex education films, from exhibitions to debates about health policy. They show that, however difficult it is to define the term ‘audience’, it remains a crucial, flexible, even indispensable term. Many of the chapters acknowledge that the very term ‘audience’ is a problem; well suited to research into performances in designated spaces, but perhaps not so apt for reflecting on the history of

in Communicating the history of medicine

• 1 • History and historiography The writing of history in the Middle Ages cannot be reduced to one single formula or definition. Instead, it straddled a huge variety of genres, covering – and often combining – world chronicles, annals, histories of communities, deeds of individuals, hagiographies, biographies, autobiographies and epic poems.1 Medieval historiography therefore does not correspond to any fixed genre, in terms of either its form or its style – it could be written in prose, in verse or sometimes as both; it could be sung as a chanson de geste

in Rhetoric and the writing of history, 400 –1500

Comparisons between the histories of settler societies are increasingly advocated but still are all too rare. 1 In their collection Unsettling Settler Societies: Articulations of Gender , Race, Ethnicity and Class , Daiva Stasiulis and Nira Yuval-Davis brought a welcome comparative, sociological and historical focus to the study of

in Law, history, colonialism

• 5 • Historiography and history The influence of classical rhetoric on the writing of history in the Middle Ages centred on the relationship between the depiction of character (attributes of person) and the description of deeds (attributes of events), on the invention of arguments (causation, testimony and proof), and on the construction of a brief, lucid and, above all, verisimilar narrative. This does not mean, of course, that all the principles involved in each one of these areas were applied either simultaneously or consistently across the broad range of

in Rhetoric and the writing of history, 400 –1500

• 2 • Rhetoric and history In seeking to establish exactly how the writing of history was conceptualised and practised in the Middle Ages, a sensible starting point is to identify where historiography fitted into a programme of study, that is, where medieval authors would themselves have encountered the writing of history as a body of material and as part and parcel of their education.1 What becomes immediately apparent is that, initially at least, it would have been as an integral component of the study of grammar and rhetoric – in grammar, as excerpts from

in Rhetoric and the writing of history, 400 –1500
Abstract only
Volume 3 Management, mergers and fraud 1987–1993

The final volume of this detailed history of Ferranti covers the last seven years of its operating existence, starting with the 1987 merger with ISC and culminating in a humiliating demise consequent upon GEC’s 1993 decision to withdraw its bid for what by then was an unprofitable rump. Extensive attention is paid to the way in which ISC evolved under James Guerin’s stewardship, providing insights into the shady world of international covert arms dealing. While in 1987 Ferranti purchased what was regarded as a highly profitable defence electronics business, by 1989 it was apparent that ISC’s net worth was marginal, creating an accounting hole in what by then was Ferranti International from which it never recovered, in spite of highly imaginative strategies enacted by a new chief executive, Eugene Anderson. The book provides detailed insights into international mergers, corporate governance issues and defence electronics that highlight the dangers associated with competing in one of the fastest-moving industries of that era.