Borders, ticking clocks and timelessness among temporary labour migrants in Israel
Robin A. Harper and Hani Zubida
, Mark and Wendy Smits (2006) ‘The persistence of the standardized life cycle’,
Time and Society, 15(2/3): 303–326.
Foner, Nancy (1979) ‘West Indians in New York City and London: a comparative analysis’,
InternationalMigration Review, 13: 284–297.
Gabaccia, R. Donna (2000) Italy’s Many Diasporas (Global Diasporas). London: Routledge.
Gelfand, Donald (1989) ‘Immigration, aging, and intergenerational relationships’, The
Gerontologist, 29(3): 366–372.
Giddens, Anthony (1990) The Consequences of Modernity. Stanford, CA: Stanford University
Goren, Yuval (2014) ‘Will
The Isle of Man and West Sussex stories were minuscule pieces of the intricate
jigsaw puzzle of internationalmigration that stretched across centuries and
continents. The Manx and Sussex people who left Britain in the 1820s had
particular local reasons and special circumstances, often deeply personal states
of mind. They are frequently fascinating individual narratives.
Yet these emigrants were not unique, and their similarities with people on the
move from the rest of the British Isles, perhaps from Europe in general, is
:4–5 (2014), 476–487.
5 C. Doyle and R. McAreavey, ‘Possibilities for change? Diversity in post-conflict Belfast’, City 18:4–5 (2014), 466–475.
7 Census 2011, ‘Ethnicity, identity, language and religion – economic activity by main language’, www.ninis2.nisra.gov.uk , accessed 26 January 2019.
8 E. Morawska, ‘Studying internationalmigration in the long(er) and short(er) durée’, InternationalMigration Institute Working Papers Series 44 (Oxford: International
considering health care migration
more broadly, it is possible to show how skilled and unskilled migration
intersect, and how both are connected to complex patterns of both internal and internationalmigration. Second, I look at inadvertent migrant
workers: people whose main motivation for migration is not necessarily
work, but who become part of the labour force in their new homes for
a variety of reasons. This includes students and migrants on working
holiday visas who, as migrant workers in different contexts, share
similar experiences of precarity and marginalisation
, Singhvi noted that ‘dual citizenship does not mean dual
allegiance … it will be permitted only for members of the Indian diaspora who
satisfy the conditions and criteria laid down in the legislation to be enacted to
amend the relevant sections of the Citizenship Act, 1955’ (Khan, 2002).
Internationalmigration from the Indian subcontinent
Castles and Miller argue that ‘internationalmigration is not an invention of the
late twentieth century, nor even of modernity in its twin guises of capitalism and
The Indian diaspora
colonialism. Migrations have been part of human
articulated, experienced and understood. It also goes a long way to
explain why migration history and imperial history have moved closer and
closer together since the turn of the twenty-first century. Their
symbiotic relationship is well illustrated by several of the key
developments and innovations in the latest scholarship on imperial and
internationalmigrations, such as the greater
the twenty-first century
While Ravenstein distinguished between different types of migration,
he didn’t prioritise one over the other. Rather, he sought to develop
his laws of migration based on movement of people in general, and
not just on internationalmigration. There are, of course, aspects of his
work that seem less convincing today. Ravenstein wrote about differences between the migration patterns of men and women. He observed
that women were more migratory than men but, in contrast to men,
they were more likely to be internal rather than international
. February 26 2009.
Faist, T. (2000). Transnationalization in internationalmigration: Implications for the
study of citizenship and culture. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 23(2), 189–222.
Faist, T. (2002). Extension du domaine de la lutte: Internationalmigration and security before and after September 11, 2001. InternationalMigration Review, 36(1),
Garner, S. (2007). The European Union and the racialization of immigration 1985–
2006. Race/Ethnicity: Multidisciplinary Global Contexts, 1(1), 61–87.
Gibney, M. J. (2002). Security and the ethics of asylum after 11
(Leeds: AHRC CentreCATH,
University of Leeds, 2006).
17 Khalid Koser, InternationalMigration: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford, New
York: Oxford University Press, 2007), pp. 16–19.
18 Giorgio Agamben, Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life (Stanford: Stanford
University Press, 1998).
19 Tello, Counter-Memorial Aesthetics, p. 2.
20 The principal example is Barron and Eckmann (eds), Exiles + Emigrés. See also
Nicholas Mirzoeff (ed.), Diaspora and Visual Culture: Representing Africans and
Jews (London, New York: Routledge, 2000). It is in the writings of T. J
Immigration (New York: Russell Sage), 308–40.
Jørgensen, M. B. (2012) ‘The diverging logics of integration policy making at national and city level’, InternationalMigration Review , 46:1, 244–278.
Kallio, K. P. (2012) ‘Political presence and the politics of noise’, Space and Polity , 16:3, 287–302.
Katz, C. (2001) ‘Vagabond capitalism and the necessity of social reproduction’, Antipode , 33:4, 709–728.
Keating, M. (2009) ‘Social citizenship, solidarity and welfare in