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Jewish identity in late Victorian Leeds
James Appell

geographies and social strata. The dislocations caused by mass migration inflamed tensions in the period, which were in turn fanned by political developments such as the Aliens’ Act of 1905, organisations such as the British Brothers’ League or the Londoners League, and notably individuals such as Arnold White. 38 Hence, common to many areas in which immigrant Jews settled in Britain is the kind of account related by E. E. Burgess, writing for the Yorkshire Post about the Leylands ‘ghetto’, of the unfortunate coincidence between the Jewish Sabbath and pay-day for the

in Leeds and its Jewish Community
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

argued that nursing practice, education and policy were established and consolidated in the metropole before being exported to the colonies by British nurses, and as a consequence, professional nursing developed independently in each of the colonial outposts. However, cases like that of ‘Nellie’ Gould illustrate that nursing practice was equally constituted on the peripheries, and that a complex network of nursing ideas existed within the British Empire, fuelled and enhanced by the mass migration of nurses between various colonial locations. Ellen Julia Gould (known as

in Colonial caring
The aftermath
Lucy P. Chester

preliminary probes of their determination convincingly, Sikh militants may have taken this inaction as a signal that the British would not act forcefully to stop them if they took matters into their own hands. When the violence came, it prompted mass migration in both directions. Mountbatten’s press secretary, Alan Campbell-Johnson, accompanied the viceroy on a trip taken with Nehru and Patel to view the mass

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
Abstract only
The limits of radicalism
Deborah Shaw

9 Children of Men: the limits of ­radicalism Children of Men (2006) is Alfonso Cuarón’s greatest filmic achievement to date and constitutes an auteurist statement in the way that it demands that its director be taken seriously. It addresses weighty issues and sets out to provide an account of the most pressing problems facing humanity: environmental destruction (symbolised by infertility), mass migration, and the tyranny within democratic states. It has its own specific look and applies a grimy desaturated realist aesthetic to a fantasy premise: the fact that

in The three amigos
The 1940s to the 1960s
A. James Hammerton

1 Postwar pioneers of modern mobility: the 1940s to the 1960s The postwar generation of British emigrants, more than two million of them from the mid-1940s to the early 1970s, constituted one of the largest mass migrations in the country’s history. In some ways this was an unprecedented episode which marked a change in the long history of British migration. The intensity of demand from most receiving countries for urban industrial workers, rather than the old agricultural preferences, brought huge outflows of the skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled from British

in Migrants of the British diaspora since the 1960S
Emigration and the spread of Irish religious influence
Sarah Roddy

5 The spiritual empire at home: emigration and the spread of Irish religious influence The idea that mass migration from nineteenth-century Ireland created an Irish ‘empire’ has had enduring appeal. It proved a rare source of pride during depressed periods in independent Ireland, particularly the 1940s and 1950s, and provided the basis of an evocative title for at least one popular version of the Irish diaspora’s story as late as the turn of this century.1 In the latter context especially, ‘Irish empire’ can appear simply a wry play on a far more common and not

in Population, providence and empire
The development of the Indo-Pakistani borderlands
Lucy P. Chester

and separated the region’s inhabitants. The burgeoning field of borderlands studies has only recently begun to deal in detail with Punjab. This chapter builds on recent work in other borderlands, particularly scholarship on Bengal, to describe and analyse the development of the Punjabi boundary and the territory surrounding it. Beginning with the violence and mass migration

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
Hilary M. Carey

created by mass migration; the second section considers the role of colonial missionary societies in promoting religion and imperial loyalty; the third looks at the characteristics of clerical migrants to the Australian colonies of New South Wales (NSW) and Victoria as their numbers peaked in the 1880s and 1890s; the final section looks at the development of colonial religious nationalism, typically

in Empire, migration and identity in the British world
Tony Kushner

Introduction From the mid-nineteenth century through to the First World War, the Jewish world was re-shaped by mass migration resulting from a combination of factors – demographic and economic as well as the impact of persecution and discrimination. It was a part of a wider global shift in population from south to north and east to west that reflected the (uneven) impact of a new economic age and the forces of modernity that accompanied it. It is, however, especially the movement of

in Anglo-Jewry since 1066
Abstract only
Sara Upstone

have been Asian writers in Britain for almost as long as there have been Asians in Britain: since the seventeenth century.3 In the wake of mass migration from the 1950s, however, for the first time there exist in large numbers Asians born in Britain or settled since childhood and, now as a result, British-born or British-raised Asian authors. This book focuses on the works of fiction produced by this new generation. Its central contention is that such authors, who have emerged only in notable numbers in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, mark the

in British Asian fiction