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Rick Peterson

. Thurnam’s interpretation of the six individuals he excavated from the terminal chamber at West Kennet, Wiltshire, was that they were the remains of a chiefly burial surrounded by sacrificed retainers (Thurnam 1860, 414–416). By the middle of the twentieth century, the predominant explanation for such deposits was that they were the results of successive burials in a communal grave or ossuary. For example, the nine individuals recovered from the Lanhill Long Barrow, Wiltshire, were recognised as having been placed successively into the chamber (Keiller et al. 1938, 128

in Neolithic cave burials
From Samoa with Love? at the Museum Fünf Kontinente, Munich
Hilke Thode-Arora

them with my own academic and ethical ideas of curatorship indeed meant walking a fine line, as the following personal account shows. The background Ethnic shows2 were a widespread form of entertainment all over the Western(-dominated)3 world in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: non-European people were recruited to perform in Western spectacles in front of paying audiences and to show what were considered ‘typical pursuits’ of their cultures of origin. Several of these shows came from Samoa, and, for example, toured the United States, and there

in Curatopia
Abstract only
Museum historiographies
Samuel J.M.M. Alberti

; and as a site for informal consumption with the theatre, the concert hall, the garden and the mass media. Furthermore, comparisons should be made not only between sites, but also across time. We have by now a clear understanding of the shifts in the function and role of the museum from its origins in the sixteenth century to its apogee at the end of the nineteenth, but we know far less about the fate of museums in the last eighty years or so. The Manchester Museum is an ideal candidate for understanding cultures of display in twentieth-century Britain. Founded and

in Nature and culture
Abstract only
A Tongan ‘akau in New England
Ivan Gaskell

. The last expansion was completed in 2005, and the museum now has eight galleries devoted to local history. Among them is the Joseph Atkins Nickerson, Jr Portrait Gallery, devoted to – in the words of the museum website – ‘portraits of sea captains, notable residents of Chatham and other mariner themed items from the Historical Society archives’.31 These include a model of the clipper ship, the Flying Cloud, the figurehead of the 1846 barkentine Altamaha, wrecked off Chatham in 1893, and a variety of ­nineteenth- and twentieth-century portraits. Several are by

in Curatopia
Learning from experiment and experience
Rosalind Janssen

it is possible to identify three major models of learning. These have been aptly summarised by three of my colleagues at University College London’s Institute of Education (UCL-IOE) as comprising the reception, construction and co-construction models (Watkins, Carnell and Lodge 2007). The reception model, most dominant during the twentieth century, can be defined as learning equating to being teacher-led: ‘she taught me’. The construction model is one where learning comprises individual sense-making as a result of discussion: ‘I made sense of’. By contrast, the co

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
Nicholas Thomas

actively to transform local ways of life, and by colonial administrators and travellers who, in some cases, saw themselves as part-time anthropologists. For the most part twentieth-century additions to the collections were made by Cambridge fieldworkers. All of this material speaks to the history of empire, travel and exploration, to contacts that inaugurated colonial histories in Australia and Aotearoa New Zealand, to subsequent, enduringly contentious violence in, for example, Benin. The collections bear witness, as well, to the formation of disciplines such as

in Curatopia
Don Brothwell

and Nubian material. As a young graduate, I became increasingly aware of Elliot Smith, not only his skeletal and cultural studies (Smith 1923), but also the excellent work on mummies (Smith 1912; Smith and Dawson 1924). In fact, he was one of a group of scientists at the turn of the twentieth century helping to reshape studies on earlier human populations (see Cockitt, Chapter 30, in this volume). The irascible mathematician Karl Pearson had used Naqada and Nubian data in estimating stature (Pearson 1898), although height estimation is still problematic today

in Mummies, magic and medicine in ancient Egypt
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Katherine Fennelly

-keeping, and management in the asylum. Architecturally, they are among the few individual elements of historic asylum buildings which have survived late twentieth-century mental hospital closure and redevelopment; for example, the administration block formed the central focus of redevelopment, as at the Wakefield Asylum and the Devon County Asylum (Franklin 2002b : 29–31). In the plans of purpose-built Georgian asylums, the administration block formed the central crux of a sprawling complex, radiating or extending out from the centre. This block was usually the most ornate

in An archaeology of lunacy
Post-connoisseurial dystopia and the profusion of things
Sharon Macdonald and Jennie Morgan

What not to collect? Post-connoisseurial dystopia and the profusion of things Sharon Macdonald and Jennie Morgan Imagine a museum storeroom lined with shelves and racks. These are filled with boxes and objects, labelled by number and name. On one shelf sit a dozen or so radios, mainly from the 1950s, hefty things with dials and wood veneer. On another are six seemingly identical stoneware bedwarmers from the early twentieth century. A tall shelving unit is packed with ceramics – teacups, bowls, jugs, plates – and other, unidentifiable things. A bedframe leans

in Curatopia
Taking care of difference in museums
Billie Lythberg, Wayne Ngata and Amiria Salmond

, past and present, on the East Coast of Aotearoa New Zealand’s North Island. The Paikea with which we are concerned here was earlier mounted on the ancestor-house Te Kani a Takirau that stood in Ūawa (Tolaga Bay) (Figure 14.1), named after one of the last ūpoko ariki (high chiefs) of the East Coast region, a descendant of several of Hauiti’s senior lines, who lived from c. 1790 to 1856.26 Erected in 1880, Te Kani a Takirau was dismantled in the early twentieth century and the house’s carvings – including Paikea – and tukutuku (woven latticework panels) were acquired

in Curatopia