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Abstract only
Claire Sutherland

city; the capital is like its main square; the roads are like its streets. (Foucault 1984 , 241) Michel Foucault’s description of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century visions of the French city can also be applied to that country’s nineteenth- and twentieth-century colonial ventures. Infrastructure and transport networks were an important feature of colonialism, tracing

in Soldered states
Abstract only
The EU and the governance of European security
Emil Kirchner and James Sperling

In its earliest manifestation, the European project was explicitly a security project. The European Coal and Steel Community, in addition to providing an institutionalised mechanism for consolidating and rationalising the European coal and steel industries after the war, provided France and the other European states a security guarantee against a rearmed Germany. The failed

in EU security governance
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

, including views on politics and literature. The invention of movable typeface (around 1450) greatly stimulated this development – as is evident in a swelling debate about lifestyles, beliefs, ideas, social and political conditions and the literary arts. 1 The subsequent growth in communication and knowledge fed the emergence of a peculiarly social sphere, within which scholars produced texts for a reading public – a predominantly urban, educated publicum. This public sphere emerged outside of the state and beyond the control of the Church. It sustained authors

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Juvenile actors and humanitarian sentiment in the 1940s
Michael Lawrence

or hallucinate) a group of suffering foreign children, and then directly addresses the camera, challenging the audience to (in Butler’s terms) ‘apprehend a life or set of lives as precarious’. 28 In The Pied Piper , hereafter Piper , an elderly gentleman (Monty Wooley) holidaying in France in the summer of 1940 reluctantly agrees to chaperone two British children (Roddy McDowall and Peggy Ann Garner

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
The changing view of Germany in Anglo-American geopolitics
Lucian Ashworth

placing anthropogeography on a secure scientific basis. 4 American and British emulation of German universities and their scholarship have deep roots. This is especially true of the US, where the view of Germany as a fellow rising power made its educational models often seem more attractive than those of Britain. There is a large literature on the influence of German education on the US before the First World War. 5 At the same time, the German ‘Humboldtian’ model remained attractive to British higher educational reformers in the nineteenth century. 6 While this

in Prussians, Nazis and Peaceniks
Making environmental security ‘critical’ in the Asia-Pacific
Lorraine Elliott

critical approach, speculating on the contours of a non-statist and emancipatory version of regional environmental security. Critical environmental security The literature on environmental security, and the incorporation of environmental concerns into security policy, reflects a fundamental tension between two positions

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
Andrew Williams

this and who should pay whom back for the loans taken out during the war during the Paris Peace Conference itself. Regardless of whether Britain, France and Russia could, or indeed should, have paid the United States back, as some historians have argued, they were almost terminally split over the questions of how to restructure the ravaged economies of Europe, which Keynes rightly saw as the only long-term solution, and to decide what role economic statecraft might play as ‘carrot or stick’ in future diplomatic and security crises.22 Sanctions During the war the

in Failed imagination?
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

France, and had only one mobilization plan. 1 This provided the background for another fateful chain of events: When the German Kaiser faced a grave crisis in the Balkans and gave the order to mobilize, the German military machine executed the only response it had been designed to deliver: to quickly dispatch two million men in the opposite direction and invade Belgium. Waging the war When German troops began to flood into Belgium, it triggered all-out war among Europe’s Great Powers. The petty nationalist issues which were at the heart of the Balkan

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)
Historical trends and contemporary issues
Lee Jarvis and Michael Lister

/11 – upsurge of academic, political and public interest, the issue of terrorism, of course, has a much longer heritage. Indeed, it is now commonplace to note that the term itself derives from the experience of the French Revolution of 1793–94 (Gearson 2002 ; Chaliand and Blin 2007a ): a thoroughly modern invention, perhaps, born of humanity’s growing confidence in its own agency to affect socio

in Anti-terrorism, citizenship and security
Systems and structures in an age of upheaval
Torbjørn L. Knutsen

-rule and independence. In many cases demands were backed by armed rebellion. These pulled Britain, France and other colonial powers into irregular wars in the Third World. Another important issue concerned energy. Questions were increasingly raised of whether the wealth-engendering industries of the West could continue to count on a smooth supply of cheap oil from extra-Western sources. The issues of decolonization and energy were linked. And they were discussed in the shadow of the third and dominant issue of the age: the continuing nuclear rivalry of the two

in A history of International Relations theory (third edition)