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Jamaican beauty competitions and the myth of racial democracy, 1955–64

the construction of a multiracial modern Jamaican identity. Though the nationalist planners of the ‘Jamaica 300’ commemorations sought to circumnavigate overt references to British conquest and domination, the beauty contest would nevertheless invoke a legacy of inventing and objectifying racialised female bodies that had begun with the colonial encounter. While nationalists plotted a path to postwar modernity through political and economic development, they in fact drew upon the European project of expansion that had launched the age of (European) modernity and had

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood
Contesting conscription

people make that break. (ECC activist Janet Cherry, cited in Frederikse, 1990: 214) Resisting conscription, whether as a conscientious objector or as a peace activist in the ECC, was an alternative performance of citizenship and gender identity. Objectors were ‘strangers’ in the public realm whose contestation of conscription also contested the central performance of citizenship and masculinity. Although the refusal to perform conscription united objectors and ECC activists, this chapter will argue that, despite this commonality of goals, there were multiple

in Masculinities, militarisation and the End Conscription Campaign
Double consciousness, Black Britishness, and cultural consumption

feature of the British racial structure for the past half century, then it seems more prudent to say that when it comes to race and racism, social change is often accompanied by social stability. Nevertheless, in my research I found that resisting this ‘stability’ of the polarisation of Blackness and Britishness was a key facet of many of the participants’ cultural lives. I want to use this chapter to tease out what these cultural resistances and contestations to the polarisation of Blackness and Britishness can tell us more generally about Black middle-class identity

in Black middle class Britannia
Caste-based discrimination and the mobilisation of Dalit sameness

the one hand, the contingent and evolving nature of 182 Contesting identity Dalit identity and, on the other hand, the manifold attempts at appropriation that exist at any given point in time. Set within wider considerations of identity formation and reification, the analysis thereby validates the notion that both of these processes are reflective of and actuated by an intrinsic impossibility of saturation and completion. In addition, it substantiates the ­insistence that identity is always elusive and, in itself, an estrangement. The latter e­ ffectively

in The politics of identity
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Security politics and identity policy

define and solidify Australian national identity have always been contested and unstable, how they have been linked with tangible conflicts over land, injustice and power, and how they have been closely intertwined with anxieties about (and discourses of) insecurity. It then goes on to challenge these approaches on two levels: normatively, it argues that such a politics forestalls

in Critical Security in the Asia-Pacific
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Labour’s return to opposition, 2010 to the present

rhetoric with the greatest nostalgic resonance, could flourish. As this book has shown, within the wider party, Labour remained characterised by its nostalgiaimbued identity. In the 2015 Labour leadership contest, a new electoral system that delivered more power to a nostalgic rank-and-file delivered a decisive victory for Corbyn on the first round of voting. Jeremy Corbyn as leader During the relatively short period in which Jeremy Corbyn has been Labour Leader, very few concrete policy proposals have originated from the party.115 This limits any assessment of the

in Nostalgia and the post-war Labour Party
Democracy’s colonization of alterity

rise to and sustain that plurality. This chapter contests this belief, suggesting, rather, that plurality is severely circumscribed by the ontological structure and the economic processes endemic to political participation. Being a state or a citizen requires being recognizable as such, which requires conforming to the dominant organizational strictures of statehood and personhood. In accordance with these organizational strictures, sovereign entities (individual bearers of rights and nation-states) approach others through one of two colonizing actions: by engulfing

in Democracy in crisis
The search for a place vision after the ‘troubles’

British domination of Ireland. Indeed, from a nationalist perspective, the Northern Ireland state has traditionally been characterised as being embedded in, and a symptom of, social relations of subordination.2 The understanding of spatial governance and planning amid such contestation thus cannot be divorced from a deeper appreciation of two cultural identities in conflict where the meaning of place is constitutive of identity itself. This remains the case in a ‘post-troubles’ environment. The symbolic language of territory and identity The meanings that people attach

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
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founding in 1922 until its monopoly was broken in 1954, the BBC was the central site where national identity in Britain was produced, projected, and contested. Due to its nature and structure, the BBC did project a unitary and consensual version of Britishness. The BBC’s national networks, the prewar National Programme and the post-war Light Programme, reached nearly every corner of the British Isles. Through these networks, the BBC re­inforced Britishness by creating a community of listeners who could experience programs, especially important national events

in The BBC and national identity in Britain, 1922–53
Claudia Jones, the West Indian Gazette and the ‘Carnival Queen’ beauty contest in London, 1959–64

5 ‘Colonisation in Reverse’: Claudia Jones, the West Indian Gazette and the ‘Carnival Queen’ beauty contest in London, 1959–64 Wat a joyful news, Miss Mattie, I feel like me heart gwine burs Jamaica people colonizin Englan in Reverse By de hundred, by de tousan From country and from town, By de ship-load, by de plane load Jamica is Englan boun. Dem a pour out a Jamaica, Everybody future plan Is fe get a big-time job An settle in de mother lan. What an islan! What a people! Man an woman, old an young Jus a pack dem bag an baggage An turn history upside dung

in Imagining Caribbean womanhood